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A Timeline of Culver History


A year-by-year review of the highlights of Culver area happenings in ages past.

Thanks to Linda Johnston of the library for her hard work in researching this information.


Years: 1903 -- 1909 -- 1914 -- 1927 -- 1932 -- 1937 --1942 -- 1947 -- 1952 -- 1958 -- 1963 -- 1968 -- 1991


 1903 In Review

May 14 – Notice is published in this issue of an election to be held May 26th to authorize the School Board to issue and sell bonds for the erection of a new school building.

A fire started on Long Point at the Meyer cottage last Sunday. It burned the pier which was up on the bank for the winter and destroyed a number of shade trees. The loss was 25 dollars… 

May 21 – The stone forming the edge of the walks at the depot grounds is being removed by Foreman Washburn and men. Cut sod borders will be used this season. The rock that is removed will be used to build a sea wall down near the ice houses…

H. F. Kidder and Robt. B. Stewart, government marine boiler inspectors, were here last Friday. They inspected all marine boilers on passenger boats on Lake Maxinkuckee and Bass Lake Friday and carried away about $100 for their pay. Talk about snaps – that’s the biggest yet… 

June 4 – Strawberries 15 cents a quart. Rather an expensive luxury…

Menser’s Building on the corner is nearing completion. It is attractive and will add materially to the value of the property as well as improve the general appearance of Main Street… 

June 18 – John Hussey has completed the cold storage house to be used for keeping Schlosser’s ice cream…

The ice company has just completed a new 34’ X 34’ barn and large shed on the ice house grounds… 

June 25 – We now have a telephone installed in the Citizen office… 

July 2 – The Nickel Plate will build a new freight house at Knox in the near future… 

July 9 – Harry Lamson has opened the North Side Pavillion and handles everything in the confections and tobacco line. He installed a large soda fountain last week and will have a boy go around the lake every day to take orders for and deliver candies, etc…

Last Thursday’s heavy storm blew the smoke stack down at Bill York’s saw mill at Burr Oak…

The heavy storm last Thursday did considerable damage to the streets and walks in town, and it has kept Marshall Burkett and a gang of men repairing the same… 

July 20 – Thos. Medbourn had a large new sign put up so it can be plainly seen from the depot grounds. It advertises his ice cream parlor and it answers the purpose it was intended for admirably…

Where are our fish commissioners? A Party from Chicago was seen going around the lake last Thursday with a Saine… 

August 13 – Last Wednesday several people rode through town in a reckless manner horseback…

Seven drunks while out boat riding last Sunday upset their boat about a half mile out from the boat house. They were rescued. A peculiar feature of the affair is they were as drunk after the experience as before… 

August 27 – The prospects of a new school building are looking brighter every day… 

September 3 – The floor in the tin type gallery gave away Sunday afternoon while a large crowd was waiting to have their “faces took.” It was repaired in a few hours and the work of fixing faces with fierce features, freckles or frowns went merrily on… 

September 10 – While the men were at work on the main barracks at the C. M. A. last week a square of roof fell. One man was injured, having three ribs broken… 

September 17 – Lightning struck the Vandalia pump station last Monday. It burned out the wires at six different places, burst out the windows and tore the doors off the hinges. It also moved a partition about four inches back and scorched the room on all sides. The large gasoline engine was not injured…

The north bound passenger train was five hours late last Friday noon, occasioned by a wreck on the line near Rockville, and as about 60 Culver people were at the depot waiting to go to Plymouth to the Carnival, the Van officials allowed them to ride up on the local freight… 

October 22 – The boys of Culver have organized a new foot ball team and have secured the services of Dr. Parker as coach… 

October 29 – A number of men are laying the new brick cross walks and all will be in place this fall… 

December 17 – The thermometer stood at 13 below zero Sunday morning, the coldest it has been in 33 years on a December day…

The Andrea’s saw mill office was moved to Hibbard on runners, the present heavy snow making it a fairly easy proposition…


1909 In Review

January 7 – A “Measles” card was placed on Charley Mikesel’s house by Health Officer Easterday last Saturday…

Dogs killed $85 worth of sheep for H. C. Rinhold and $10 for F. Hoestl a few nights ago near Monterey…

January 14 – The mumps is beginning to make itself felt and seen among the school children…

Wilford Medbourn claims to have seen a wolf on the marsh northwest of town the other day… 

January 21 – The explosion of a lamp in Miss Pearl Osborn’s room on the second floor of the Osborn hotel at 6:30 Tuesday evening gave the occupants of the house a scare and about twenty minutes of hard work to save the building  from destruction… 

January 28 – Ice cutting came to a sudden termination last Friday. The heavy rain of the night before and the spring temperature were too much for Jack Frost…

Plymouth has started a movement to establish a public library… 

February 18 – A bill was introduced in the legislature to increase the salaries of the county school superintendents. Under the new schedule Marshall county is raised from $1,404 to $1,650. 

February 25 – Eight or ten additional hydrants have been installed on the depot grounds for sprinkling… 

March 11 – Howard is putting up a building for an ice cream factory on the rear of the residence lot…

A man named Butler from Starke county has rented the room recently vacated by Gast and will conduct a shoe repair shop and refreshment parlor… 

April 1 – L. W. Keech of Kewanna has rented the second story of the bakery building and will remove his cigar factory to Culver… 

April 22 – The old boat house in the hollow east of the Lake View was taken down last week, loaded upon a car and shipped out of town… 

May 6 – The heavy wind, amounting to a tornado in many sections of Indiana, struck Culver between 7 and 8 o’clock Thursday evening. It came suddenly and with a roar like a freight train. The down town district was full of people who hurried to shelter. The blow was not hard enough to do any serious damage here or about the lake. The nearest point of destruction of property was Walnut, on the Lake Erie road, 10 miles southeast of Culver. There a store front was blown in, the elevator unroofed, and several buggies tipped over… 

May 13 – John Osborn last week added to the livery facilities of the Osborn hotel a new two-cylinder 22-horse power Reo automobile. It is a handsome car…  

May 20 - H. H. Austin opened his skating rink last week and the place is enjoying a good patronage… 

June 3 – The Culver Cash Hardware Co. has added a National cash register to its equipment. It will do everything about the business except collect the bills and pay the rent… 

June 17 – H. H. Austin is starting a branch skating rink at Ora. The rink in Culver will run three nights in the week and the one at Ora the other three nights.... 

July 22 – At its Monday night meeting the council adopted and placed on record the resolution and ordinance for changing the direction of the South end of Main Street… 

September 2 – Dan Wolfe went out of his bakery for a few minutes last Friday, leaving his pocketbook containing $51 in bills and some checks on a table. When he returned the pocketbook had disappeared but was found later in a water closet, minus the cash…

A whopping big watermelon was Rev. Wm. Feece’s present to the Citizen this week. It weighed 38 pounds and measured 55 inches around… 

September 16 – Saine & Son will sell their horses and wagon and run an auto delivery next season… 

September 30 – The town had a genuine fire scare Monday evening about 8 o’clock when Charley Mikesel, the clerk in the Culver Cash Hardware Co.’s store, discovered smoke in the basement of the store. Charley ran down to the furnace where he found a mass of rope blazing on top of the cold air duct… 

October 14 – Saine’s delivery team ran away the other evening on the road home from Yellow river. At the Nickel Plate crossing a dog ran at the horses, causing them to jump and break something. The horses ran into the ditch where the occupants plunged into a wire fence. Here one of the horses stuck, while the other ran a couple of miles to Souder’s farm where it was caught… 

October 21 – The Vandalia engine lost one of its castors or something Saturday evening on leaving South Bend and the train did not reach Culver until 7:30… 

November 11 – That relic of prehistoric times, the wooden sidewalk along the north side of the Methodist church, was yanked out Monday and a cement walk is taking its place…


1914 In Review



January 1 – Lester Rockhill has sold his laundry agency to Jesse Rhoads and Raymond Mikesell. Mikesell will leave Hand’s and Ray Warner is slated for his place…


January 8 – The Kaley school, southwest of town, is having an enforced vacation this week. Miss Snapp, the teacher, worn out by the continued harassment of two or three bad boys, threw up her job Saturday…


January 15 – Kewanna is to receive $8,000 from Andrew Carnegie for a public library building…

Culver housekeepers were last year at this time paying 20 cents for eggs…


January 22 – It is reported that the poles for the electric light line are set for a distance of about three miles this side of Plymouth…


Plymouth’s beautiful public library building was dedicated last week with an elaborate ceremony. The building and site cost nearly $22,000. There are 3,000 volumes on the shelves…


February 12 – The Nickel Plate station at Rutland has been discontinued. Not enough business…


February 26 – Workmen are setting poles in town for electric lights…

The East Washington Methodist Protestant church, located southeast of Maxinkuckee burned to the ground Sunday night between 9 and 10 o’clock…


March 26 – The fire escapes have been put in place on the school house…


April 2 – The first step has been taken toward securing a Carnegie library building in Culver…

W. S. Easterday contributed the first volume to the new public library and his name will be No. 1 on the Roll of Honor. The title of the volume is “ Museum of Antiquities”….


April 9 – Harry Poor has bought the Parr barber shop…


April 16 – The new 125-foot town pier is being built…


April 23 – The public drinking fountain donated to the town by the C. C. club was put into commission last week…


May 28 – Steps are being taken to secure free mail delivery to Culver…

Culver made the little bow and was introduced into larger company last Thursday evening at 7:40 when the electric current from the Plymouth Electric Light and Power Company’s plant was flashed along the intervening 12 miles of wire and blazed forth on every street corner in town…


June 18 – The town board is working on a plan for numbering the houses in anticipation of free mail delivery…

Melville Morehouse, 13 years of age was taken in an automobile Tuesday, accompanied by his parents and a trained nurse, to a hospital in Lafayette. He has a severe case of typhoid fever…


June 25 – Contractor Bontrager of Elkhart broke ground Tuesday for the $6,000 school house at Burr Oak…


August 13 – Tim Wolfe has his billiard and pool hall in the new Edwards at Depot Place in full tune…

Definite progress is being made on the Public library. The town board held a special meeting on Tuesday night and extended a special library tax of 1 mill on the $100 which will raise about $350….


September 10 – About 50 electric irons have been bought by the housekeepers of Culver…

Rector’s is the first store to hang out a big electric lamp over the front door…


September 17 – There are two cases of scarlet fever in Burr Oak, and a death in Ober from diphtheria. The opening of the Burr Oak School has been temporarily postponed…


October 1 – The Vandalia depot has just been completely wired for electric lights. A number of small lights have been distributed throughout the building and one of the large 100-watt lights has been placed under each shed beside the depot…


October 15 – At a second meeting of the township advisory board, held Tuesday evening, a levy of five-tenths of a mill on the $1 assessed valuation of the township was ordered for public library purposes. As the assessed valuation is over $1,400,000 this will produce a little more than $700, which, in addition to the mill levy by the town board, will create a library fund of about $1,100. This will justify the library board in asking the Carnegie Corporation for a donation of at least $10,000 for building purposes…

Surveyors Schoonover and Butler have filed their report of acceptance of road No. 11 in Union township, which is the brick paving through Culver…


October 22 – The work on the Maxinkuckee Methodist Protestant church was finished at a cost in cash and labor of $1,610. It was dedicated on Sunday…


November 12 – As a result of the spread of the hoof and mouth disease, pigeons, sparrows, cats, dogs and rats are being slaughtered everywhere, as they are carriers of the disease…


November 26 – On account of two cases of scarlet fever in a family on the Yellow River the Hibbard school is closed this week…


December 3 – The Carnegie library building, if it is built, will be located on the Main street lot south of the M. E. church…


December 10 – The Palmer House has put a five-passenger limousine car into the bus service of the hotel…


December 31 – The 1,500 books of the public library were transferred to the rooms over the hardware store last Monday. It is expected that by Jan. 1 the new rooms will be open.

The town has this week set up a long line of galvanized iron hitching rails along the north side of the M. E. church and the south side of the Listenberger pool room…




1927 In Review

January 5 – Unknown man found murdered near Ober.

January 12 – F.G. Solomen disposes of dry goods store.
Art Silbert, Culver bank robber, applies for pardon.
Russell C. West found dead at the Emma J. Werner home.
January 19 – Mrs. Emma J. Werner commits suicide following discovery that she killed Russell West and probably several others.
Culver gripped in worst storm since 1918.
January 26 – Forrest Geiselman purchases Hatten grocery.
February 9 – Paving of Behmer road through Burr Oak to Culver is discussed before county commissioners but no decision reached.
236 attend county young peoples conference at Culver.
February 16 – County commissioners order Behmer road to be paved in 1927.
Partnership of Earl and Jerome Zechiel is dissolved.
March 9 – Union township led in sale of tuberculosis Christmas seals.
March 16 – Mr. and Mrs. Neal Lichtenberger purchase Mack restaurant.
W.S. Easterday enlarges building.
J.J. Barns becomes proprietor of the Culver Hotel.
March 23 – Work commenced on new Hayes building.
Major C.F. McKinney new head of station WCMA.
March 30 – Commence work on Behmer road.
Joe Schweidler purchases Lake Shore garage.
April 13 – Plans discussed for school playground.
Five stores at Monterey robbed.
April 27 – Churches, theaters, and schools closed by measle epidemic.
May 11 – Measle quarantine ended with total cases reaching 148.
High wind does $1000 damage to Academy boats.
Work being done on playground.
June 1 – Paving on Burr Oak road finished from school house to Behmer road.
June 8 – Culver hit by small cyclone and cloudburst.
June 29 – Academy purchases 180 acres along State Road 10.
July 6 - $350, 000 expansion program announced by Culver Military Academy.
July 13 – Palmer Shilling shot by crazed farm hand.
August 3 – State starts action to secure right-of way for re-routing of State Road 10.
Sub-station of Northern Indiana Public Service Company is finished at Behmer corner.
August 17 – Midshipman rescued from lake.
August 31 – Car and garage burn when three local boys commit arson.
September 14 – Case of infantile paralysis reported.
September 21 – Heat wave so intense that schools are dismissed.
Culver Dry Goods moves entire stock out of town.
October 5 – Hard surfacing of Burr Oak-Culver road finished.
Bids opened for paving re-routing of State Road 10.
October 12 – Diptheria cases at Burr Oak school closed.
November 2 – Property owners agree to pave part of East Side road.
Academy offers life insurance, disability and annuity benefit to employees.
December 7 – Mrs. Bertha Aman and two year old daughter, Evelyn Viola, die of burns from kerosene explosion.
December 28 – Post office to be made model by installation of all-steel fixtures
Baby left on doorstep of Cleve Crabb home on Christmas morning.
Community enjoys Christmas tree, singing and treat.



1932 in Review


January 13 – Culver-Logansport road taken into state highway system.


January 20 – Mrs. Minerva Hartzell celebrates 102nd birthday and is believed one of Indiana’s oldest women.


January 27 – William Baldwin opens service station on Lake Shore Drive.


February 3 – Rev. H.E. Harsh becomes pastor of Grace Reformed Church.


February 17 – Claude Newman home destroyed by fire with loss of about $6, 000.

Dick Louden opens new store, rebuilt after other structure was destroyed by fire.


February 24 - $10, 000 fire destroys Medbourn ice house.


March 9 – Several East Side cottages entered and property stolen.

Large alcohol ring uncovered in Starke county.


March 16 – Fire destroys old Palmer House boat houses with loss of about $2, 700.


April 6 – Raymond Mikesell to open grocery store.

John Winters farm home destroyed by fire.

Culver-Logansport road designated as State Road 17.


April 13 – Frank Parker home destroyed by fire. Family is saved by barking of dog.

John Osborn seriously injured when automobile crashes into train at Bur Oak.

M.R. Robinson’s automobile destroyed when garage burns.

Academy starts work on new open air theatre.


April 20 – Monterey school destroyed with loss of $20, 000.


May 25 – Linco Oil Company starts work on new service station on site of J. Saine & Son store and old landmark is torn down.

Universal Film Company completes local shots for “Tom Brown of Culver” feature film.


June 1 – Pennsylvania railroad discontinues section work here.


June 29 – Severe electrical storm hits Culver and causes considerable damage.

Schlosser Bros. discontinue ice cream station here.


July 13 – Emll Stepman buys Robert’s Plumbing Shop.

Linco Oil Company starts construction of $15, 000 service station.


July 20 – Edward Cook, well known marshall, accidentally killed when gun drops on pavement.


July 27 - Small cyclone hits East Side, overturning boats and piers.


August 10 – New telephone system put into service and old cranking system is discontinued.


August 24 – Work starts on new school building at Monterey.


August 31 – Linco service station opens under management of Howard Mikesell.


September 7 – Mrs. Minerva Hartzell dies at age of 102; was believed to be Indiana’s oldest native woman.


September 14 – Dr. Donald Reed opens office here.

Thieves loot Overmyer store at Leiters Ford of $700 worth of merchandise.


October 5 – Belden cottage on East Side of lake destroyed by fire with loss of $7, 000.

Dr. Barton W. Everman, co-author of survey of Lake Maxinkuckee, dies in California.


October 26 – Frank Timmons opens new restaurant.


November 2 – Culver Black Horse Troop escorts President Hoover in Indianapolis.

Ditmire store at Delong robbed of $43 in cash.


November 16 – Radio station WCMA discontinued.


November 23 – Clarence Calhoun buys Biddinger Barber Shop.


November 30 – Palmer House renamed Maxinkuckee Inn, remodeled and placed under new management.


December 21 – First ice crop in two years is being harvested.


1937 In Review

January 6 – Thirty men are employed under WPA widening and improving the runways at the airport on Road 10 near the academy.
January 27 – Academy sends boats to Ohio River flood area.
February 3 – Union township sends $1, 122.46 to flood area.
Kenneth Elyea, of Kalamazoo, Mich.,arrested on charge of robbing Monterey postoffice.
February 10 – Annual ice harvest stopped by rain and thaw.
February 17 – Town orders electric pump to replace disabled Diesel at water plant and signs contract with NIPSCO for new rate structure.
March 3 – E.H. Poland becomes sole owner of the Burr Oak Hardware store formerly known as Currens and Poland.
March 10 – Mild earthquake is felt here.
March 17 – Film projector with sound equipment bought by PTA for use in public schools.
March 24 – Oliver Shilling given five-year lease to operate town bath house.
March 31 – WPA workmen clean predatory fish from Lake Maxinkuckee.
April 21 – Pennsylvania railroad announces that two trains will be discontinued due to lack of patronage.
May 5 – Academy plans $165, 000 improvement of buildings.
Iron and Metal company opens business here.
J.M. Miller sells dairy to son.
May 12 – Loser bus destroyed and Hayes building damaged in $8,000 fire.
May 26 – Easterday Funeral Service adds new ambulance.
Motion picture cooking school held at Culver Citizen.
Bath house open to public for first time.
Star mail routes established to replace discontinued trains.
June 2 – Earl Mishler opens filling station south of town.
June 16 – Verl McFeely opens Culver Bakery.
It is announced that local state police radio station will be moved to Dunes Park.
June 23 – Town board passes ordinance banning handbills.
Mr. and Mrs. G. Cultice open restaurant in Culver Beach Lodge.
July 7 – State forces Burr Oak school to close.
Arthur Simpson sells Coffee Shop to Mr. and Mrs.Garl Cultice.
Dr. Donald Reed moves into newly remodeled office on College Ave.
July 21 – Unidentified hobo found hanging to tree on frank Schmidt farm near Delong.
July 28 – Donald Alexander opens recreation room.
Governor Townsend visits lake on fishing trip.
August 4 – Mrs. Hugh Harper takes over management of Culver Beach Lodge.
September 1 – Rebecca Jones and Helen Calhounbuy dress shop of Mrs. M.C. Dimmick and move to Helen’s Beauty Shop.
September 8 – The Gafill Oil Co. announces plan to build service station at corner of  Main Street and Lake Shore Drive.
September 29 – Indiana League of Women Voters holds state conference here.
October 20 – Movement continued to have Road 17 paved through town.
November 3 – Chamber of Commerce requests addition of afternoon mail delivery.
December 1 – Fire at Maxinkuckee Inn causes about $500 damage and excites Thanksgiving guests.
Stillson Bakery opens for business.
December 8 – Mrs. Lottie Marshall takes over management of Hawkins Tavern.
December 15 – Dr. Arthur H. Compton, Nobel Prize winner, speaks at Academy.
Office of town health officer abolished by state.
December 22 – New dial telephone system, with conference feature installed at Academy.
Christmas carols sung by churches of township.
December 29 – Red Cross secures county nurse for schools.
Unusually heavy Christmas business reported at post office and telegraph office.

1942 In Review 

January 7 – Prolonged cold wave reaches ten below zero.

January 21 – Town installs floodlights on water tower and pumping station as war measure.

January 28 – Two peanut vending machines stolen from Deep Rock Service Station. 

February 25 – Leon Calhoun, nephew of Clarence Calhoun, killed in explosion at Kingsbury.

March 4 – Thirty-five pound timber wolf shot by Fay Neidlinger near Cihak farm. 

March 18 – Freak warm wave sends mercury up to 64 degrees on Monday. 

March 25 – Disaster Preparedness committee organized. 

April 15 – The first Red Cross standard First Aid course completed. 

April 29 – Business houses register for sugar on 28th and 29th

May 6 – Temperature reaches 94 on Thursday and sinks to 49 on Monday.

Householders register for sugar.

Recruit school for state police opens at Academy. 


May 27 – Mrs. C.C. Mather’s  painting displayed at South Bend exhibition.

Large crowd hears Mr. and Mrs. Frank Southworth tell of experiences at Pearl Harbor. 


June 3 – Milk delivery curtailed to every other day.

Mercury hits 104. 


June 17 – Heat wave breaks as mercury slumps to 44.

Marshall County exceeds bond quota for month.

F. A. Brewer cottage struck by lightning Thursday. 


June 24 – Culver City Drug Store on fire Tuesday. 


July 1 – Dr. E. J. Yocum Jr., of Winamac, to open veterinarian office here.

Annual fireworks display at Academy discontinued for duration. 


July 8 – Marshall County goes over war bond quota.

Culver Navel School to undergo first official inspection of Navy Department July 9. 


July 15 – Chimney at Maxinkuckee Inn struck by lightning. 


July 22 – Call off hearing to discontinue two passenger trains on South Bend-Logansport division of Pennsy.

Heat wave breaks after hitting 102. 


July 29 – Red Cross to sponsor bridge parties over township.

Academy barn and 100 tons of hay destroyed by fire when lightning strikes. 


August 5 – J. M. Miller sells store to daughter. 


August 19 – Red Cross victory parties net $387.32.

Pvt. Richard A. Bowles writes composition “Gunter Field March.”

Victory flower garden planted by Charles McLane beautifies town park. 


September 9 – New junior college opens at Academy. 


September 30 – Township war boards plan for scrap drive.

Temperature drops to 28 degrees to make coldest September readings since records have been kept. 


October 7 – County goes over war bond quota. 


October 14 – Township rounds up 53,982 ponds of junk in scrap drive.

Over 3,000 keys turned in drive for old keys. 


October 21 – Forty tons of metal final count in scrap drive in township.

Johnson’s Super Service installs retreading machine. 


October 28 – Fuel oil users to register this week. 


November 18 – Registration held for gas rationing. 


November 24 – 774 register for gas coupons.

W.P.B. requests no outdoor lighting for Christmas this year. 


December 2 – High school to revamp program to aid war needs. 


December 9 – “Share the meat” week in progress.

Navy recruiting station to open at post office.

637 tires and tubes turned in from Culver. 


December 30 – Newman Brothers, and J. A. Newman & Sons sell 18 head of cattle for $4,600 to two buyers.

Joe Schwidler closes Lake Shore Garage for duration.


1947 In Review



January 15 – Culver’s worst tragedy happened Saturday night when four children drowned in the lake.


January 29 – Work has been started on remodeling of State Exchange Bank basement.


February 5 – Danny McGeoghegan, alleged leader of the gang which held up the State Exchange Bank in 1933, surrendered to police in Chicago when caught in the act of robbing a safe.


February 19 - $65,000 fire destroys building at Academy.

The interior of the Culver Café has been improved.


February 26 – Sunday passenger trains of the Pennsy to be discontinued.

G. O. Mayse has purchased R. G. Smith’s interest in the Lake Shore Garage and will continue to operate it as in the past.


March 19 – Bus line to Plymouth to start next Monday.

The display window at Foreman’s store has been remodeled.


March 26 – Hot lunch equipment for school students is being purchased.

Tibbett’s buys Van’s Grocery at Maxinkuckee.


April 9 – Donald Behmer has purchased the Savage share of the boat house on South Shore Lane.

Mrs. William Herrmann has purchased Helen’ Beauty Shop.


April 16 – A 131-foot steel bridge at Monterey falls with trucker, who escaped injury.


April 23 – The barn on the Academy farm near the airport was destroyed by fire.


May 14 – Freight cars crashed into the porch at the Charles Barnhill home.

Everet Hoesel leases El Rancho theatre to George Graf of Laporte.

An explosion of cleaning fluid starts fire in William Melock home.


May 28 – Dr. R. L.Witham, physician and surgeon, starts practice here.


June 18 – Heavy demand for sugar at the end of rationing.


June 25 – Lions Club members build playground court in the park.


July 2 – Start work on temporary bridge at Monterey.


July 16 – Academy radio towers are being dismantled.


July 30 – Tibbetts sell East Side store to Gene Frederick.

New truck increases fire department to three.


August 6 – Academy has started another apartment building on the East Side.


September 3 – Storms leave Culver without electricity for a while, hail stones fell during the storm.

Water tower being painted on the outside and cleaned on the inside.


September 10 – New School cafeteria, completely equipped, starts serving hot lunches.

A wild, piercing scream aroused neighborhood at night, which might have been a wild animal.

Dr.Oscar Wesson opens his veterinarian office near Culver.


October 1 – Wickizer’s store sold to Fort Wayne men and will be known as the Culver Department Store.


October 8 – Construction work on new C. M. A. buildings to start this week.

Don Priest has purchased Grill and will remodel before opening for business.


November 5 – Grill to open tomorrow after remodeling.


November 19 – New building being erected by Paul Snyder to house a jewelry store.


November 26 – Pennsy train service ends here Thursday.

Sports store opens opposite town park.


December 3 – Work has started on moving houses at C. M. A. for expansion program.

Local lumber companies to consolidate with George Babcock manager.


December 10 – Additional truck service for mail replaces train.

Dr. Henricks, dentist to open office Jan. 5 in former Dr. Martin residence.


December 17 – The Dukes Jewelry and Gift Store to open in the Snyder building and Richard Nitzchke to operate barber shop in the Amond building. 


December 17 – The Dukes Jewelry and Gift Store to open in the Snyder building and Richard Nitzchke to operate barber shop in the Amond building.



1952 In Review



January 2 – The contract for the construction of the new elementary school building here has been awarded to the Russell L. Easterday Construction Company.


January 9 – Construction work on new grade school building started this week by Russell L. Easterday has made necessary emergency traffic regulations along School Street….


January 16 – Thieves broke into two automobile firms in Culver sometime Monday night.Entrance to both the Hatten Motor Sales and E. Thoner and Sons Chevrolet Inc., was gained by breaking windows.


February 6 – Property Holders and users of the sewage system being constructed for joint use of town of Culver and Culver Military Academy will begin monthly payments first of April town officials announced…

H. D. Winkler, veteran Nickle Plate agent at Hibbard, has resigned his position with the Railroad company and has purchased the Shell Service Station here from Paul Begin…


February 20 – Property owners residing between Mill and Davis Streets on both Main and Ohio Streets, whose properties join at the rear of the lots, attended a meeting at Town Hall , Monday night where they had been invited by the Town Board of Trustees to discuss necessity of securing an easement for laying of a sewer in connection with the construction of sewerage disposal system.


March 5 – Transfer of ownership of one of Marshall County’s oldest newspapers was effected this week when Mr. and Mrs. William T. Eggbeer took over management of the 74-year old Argos Reflector…

The parked car of Dr. Robert Witham rolled down slight incline along Ohio Street and broke off fire hydrant near post office last Friday causing a small geyser until Verl McFeely, water superintendent, was able to plug the hole.

A near capacity crowd of interested citizens attended the regular meeting of the Town Board on Monday evening. Many attending were property owners along Main Street where the town is seeking an easement for placing a sewer line at back of the properties…


March 19 – Price of school lunches will be advanced from 25 cents to 30 cents beginning March 24…

An Erie Freight train accident Saturday piled up 16 cars at Delong…


April 23 – Repair of Town Park swimming pier and erection of a high dive approved by Lions Directors…


May 7 – Representatives Of this community and officials of the State Departments of Conservation and Highways conferred last week at Indianapolis concerning possibilities for state establishment control of a roadside park on the open west shore of Lake Maxinkuckee along state Road 17.


May 21 – Culver-Union PTA announces purchase of Spencer Projector and three Webster record players for elementary school.

The State Exchange Bank announces plans to occupy another room in the two-story bank building here; the room was formerly occupied by Western Union.


June 11 – Transfer of ownership of Lakeside Grocery Announced this week by Arthur Schweidler, who has sold store to Harlan F. Holmes…


June 18 – Robbers, who broke into Hatten Motor Sales garage last Wednesday night took 165 dollars in cash, also took a 350-pound safe. The safe was later found at the Bridegroom gravel pit near Leiters Ford…

Raymond E. Kline has purchased Oberlin Electric Appliance Store.


July 2 – Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Slaughter announce the sale of the Culver News Agency to Mr. and Mrs. H. Serrin of Plymouth…


July 9 – The first drowning in Lake Maxinkuckee since 1947 occurred July 4 when the body of Curtis Blanton, of Louellen, Ky., was found in three feet of water at the town beach.


July 16 – The “flying saucer”question arose in the Lake Maxinkuckee vicinity as several persons saw a strange cigar-shaped and brilliantly lighted object streak through the heavens above the lake on Saturday night…


July 30 – Culver-Union Township Chamber of Commerce in cooperation with Culver residents took steps this week to adopt a central phone system to make available a satisfactory and efficient service to those having rooms to rent.


September 10 – Fred Strefling became the new owner of the local Chevrolet Agency purchased the business from E. Thoner.


September 24 – Schoolbell page in the Culver Citizen published by the CHS Press Club starts in today’s paper.


October 8 – Mr. and Mrs. Cary Cummins have purchased the Shively Apartment Building…


October 29 – The tinder dry area has caused a rash of fires in this vicinity….


November 12 – Grade teachers, pupils took up new residence in the completed wing of the new building Friday…


November 19 – The new school building open house attracted about 1,000 visitors…


November 26 – The Culver News Agency moved from the corner of Main and Madison Street to the Wickizer Building.


December 10 – Omer Hook buys Chas.VanMeter International Harvester firm here and will take over Jan. 1st

Don Miller opened his new office last week in the Trone Building….


December 24 – Joe Furnas, local agriculture teacher, introduces the American Landrace, a new breed of hogs, to this community….



1958 In Review



January 1 – Ammonia fumes cause excitement at the Quality Grocery


January 8 – Eileen’s Dress Shop goes out of business…

Post office at Hibbard closes after 75 years…

Two service stations at Main and Jefferson Streets were burglarized over the weekend…


January 29 – Dr. John Oldham will open dental office here in April in the basement of the NIPSCO building…


February 12 – Extensive plans for remodeling are underway at the Emanuel Evangelical United Brethren Church…


February 19 – Culver is in the grip of one of its most severe winters in several years with zero temperatures prevailing and no immediate relief in sight…


March 5- Culver’s worst train wreck in many years occurred Monday morning when 14 gondola freight cars loaded stoker coal piled up along the right-of-way near the Pennsylvania station which adjoins the Town Park…


March 12 – Freight train hits station wagon and truck in freak accident at 10:13 Saturday night in front of the Pennsylvania railroad station…

New modern machine shop is installed at Culver High School…


March 19 – Mrs. Helene Boots opens paint and wallpaper store at 110 South Main Street…

Foster F. Sheller will practice dentistry here about the middle of April…

Ground was broken last Friday for the new million-dollar addition to Parkview Hospital in Plymouth…

Marvin E. Vercler, D.O., will begin the practice of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics as an associate of the Culver Clinic this summer…


March 26 – John Oldham, dentist, opens office on April 1 in the basement of the new NIPSCO building…

A ground-breaking ceremony for the new Methodist parsonage was conducted at noon Sunday, March 22…


April 23 – Beautiful Emmanuel Evangelical United Brethren Church sanctuary to be dedicated next Sunday…

Two of the five Culver girls who attended Saturday’s convention of the Sunshine Society at Crawfordsville were victims of the severe food poisoning incident…


April 30 – State Exchange Bank announces the opening of its parking lot directly west of the bank…


May 7 – Formal dedication of the new $1 million Argos Community Schools building was held last Sunday…

Dr. Foster F. Sheller, coming here from Washington D.C., will begin practice of dentistry…


May 14 – E. M. Espich buys local shoe repair shop…


May 21 – H.J. Forester of Knox to open watch repair shop here…


June 4 – The new “Bonded Gasoline” service station on Lake Shore Drive opposite the Town Park has opened for business…

Culver-Union Township Public Library Board has purchased a Library Book Return Box as a service and convenience to patrons…


June 11 – The State Exchange Bank will formally open beautiful new buildings at Culver and Argos on Friday…


June 18 – Heavy rains cause the collapse of the new Culver Dental Building now under construction…


June 25 – Dr. Marvin E. Vercler joins the staff of the Culver Osteopathic Clinic…

Mr. and Mrs. John J. Byrum take over the management of the Culver Lodge Motel and restaurant…


July 9 – John Jewell, 41 of Wabash drowns in Lake near Academy’s swimming pier…

Mrs. A R .Elliot christens the Academy’s new ship the “Admiral Yarnell,” at Fourth of July ceremonies…


July 23 – Mart C. Patton, raving, drunk, and abusive, terrorizes town in Saturday night spree…


August 6 – Bob May escapes from burning motor boat…


August 27 – Mr. and Mrs. William Washburn announce the closing of The Barn, popular sandwich shop and recreation center on North School St., this fall…


September 3 – “The Trailsman,” Main Street sporting goods store, is going out of business

Monterey will dedicate new post office September 7…


September 17 – New Standard Oil Company (Indiana) Service Station will be built at the corner of Main and Washington Streets, where the old Methodist parsonage was torn down last week…


September 24 – Culver Boat Co. is erecting a new two-story boat storage building…

Earl D. Overmyer buys Don Hand’s Soft Water Service…


October 1 – Culver firemen fail to save rural Jordan Church which was destroyed in Sunday morning fire…


October 15 – First services were held last Sunday in the new Bible Church now being constructed on South Main Street…


November 19 – The license of the Culver City Tavern is suspended temporarily...


December 3 – Dr. Oscar Wesson opens newly built animal hospital…


December 10 – Tibbetts Store at Burr Oak is quitting business with even the building and land for sale…


December 17 – December cold wave is the worst in 87 years...

Chain fence along south boundary of Masonic Cemetery is stolen…


December 31 – Culver post office will get a new $939 flagpole…

The Culver Inn wins award from Duncan Hines…



1963 In Review



January 3 – Dale’s D-X Service Station is purchased by Anton William (Tony) Cihak after the business has been operated by Dale Jones for the past 20 years…

First class mail rates increase Jan. 7, sending the cost of a letter to five cents, postal cards are now four cents each, and an air mail latter now requires eight cents postage…


January 9 – The Easterday Funeral Home has been purchased by Mr. and Mrs. James D. Bonine and will be operated under the name of Easterday-Bonine Funeral Home…

Park ‘N Shop has purchased the M. R. Cline Builders Store and will erect a large new super market on that site…

The Johnson Tire Service was purchased Jan. 7 by the partnership of Harold Miller, Robert Miller, and Wesley Schilling, and will retain the present firm name…


January 23 – Culver Community School Unit will have office at 110 South Main St. in Culver…

A Saturday evening alarm sent the Culver Firemen to the Crystal Coin Laundry where a washing machine motor burned…

Damages amounting to $2,500 was inflicted on the St. Mary’s of the Lake Catholic Church Rectory in a Sunday morning fire…


February 6 – Taylor’s Ben Franklin store is undergoing extensive remodeling and redecorating…

Culver City Drug Store has remodeled and added floor space to their store and the back entrance is also being improved…


March 13 – The Board of School Trustees of Culver Community Schools,  in a meeting on March 12, approved by majority vote to unite the high schools of the school corporation at the beginning of the 1964-65 school term…


March 27 – Cadet P. E. Tovrea took part Saturday and personally greeted President Kennedy during dedication ceremonies in Chicago at O’Hare Field, named for the cadet’s uncle, Butch O’Hare who was a Navel war ace…


April 24 – Mr. and Mrs. Tom K. Walker purchase Jack’s Taxi business…


May 8 – Lake Maxinkuckee Association, Inc., has purchased a new 18-ft. boat for patrol work on the Lake this season…


May 15 – Culver Clothiers robbed of nearly $7,000 in merchandise during early Sunday hours…

Park ‘N Shop to open new store tomorrow and will feature special bargains Thursday, Friday, and Saturday…


May 29 – Denny’s Standard Service Station has been purchased by Melvin Shidler of North Judson…


June 26 – Charley Frain will open his own repair shop on Lake Shore Drive July 1…


July 3 – Seven are injured in explosion of combination home and garage at junction of Highways 14and 17…


July 24 – CMA will dedicate its new $850,000 Woodcraft Camp Saturday…

Snyder Motor Sales, 215 West Jefferson St., are in the process of moving into their new two-story addition…


August 14 – The Culver Jaycees have just completed their first major community project, the building of a new beach area on the shoreline of the Culver Town Park, beginning at the west edge of the present beach…


September 11 – Gates & Calhoun move to former Park ‘N Shop building and Dick Dawson joins their staff…


September 25 – Gates & Calhoun Chevrolet, Inc. holds Grand Opening this Friday, and Saturday at their new location in the former Park ‘N Shop building…


October 9 – Indiana sales tax will go into effect Oct. 23…


October 16 – Culver Clothiers is robbed again Saturday night…


November 13 – Culver and Aubbee basketball teams have new uniforms and colors…


November 27 – Public memorial services for the late President John F. Kennedy were held Monday noon in the Culver Community Building…

Jerry Knepper  is new manager of Culver’s A & P Store…




1968 In Review



January 4 – Dr. Ernest Norris announced his retirement from the practice of medicine…


January 11 – Residents of Culver were without water for several hours when a car knocked over a water hydrant on Jefferson St….


January 18 – Thieves broke into the Cardinal Service Station and made off with the safe and two tires…


February 1 – A fire of undetermined origin completely destroyed the interior and the contents of the Theodore L. Ervin home at 726 Peru Court…

The Raymond Gangloff  home at Jarrah and E. 7th roads was heavily damaged by fire and all their possessions destroyed…

The Little Gallery, 211 E. Washington St., opened for business Jan. 29…


February 15 – Jack Spencer has purchased the LP Gas Business from Al Poppe…


March 7 – “Culver Community High School” is adopted as the official name of the new high school…

The Lake Shore Clinic announces that Dr. Michael Deery will join the staff in April…


March 21 – The Culver Fire Dept. extinguished a blaze in the kitchen of the Culver Military Academy…


March 28 – The Marshall Co. Crime Alert was put into effect March 19…


April 25 – Communion service was held to celebrate the merger of the congregations of the Culver Methodist Church and the Culver Evangelical United Brethren Church…


May 16 – Vandals set the Maxinkuckee Cruiser adrift and damaged much of the interior…


July 11 – A public to be held July 23 on relocating State Rd. 10 was announced…


July 18 – Due to embargo on mail service in Canada, the local post office is not accepting any form of mail to Canada…


July 25 – John E. Mann, D. O. and family have moved to Culver where Dr. Mann has become associated with Dr. James D. Leach and Dr. G. W. Stevenson , Jr. at the Culver Clinic…


August 1 – The Culver Beach Lodge was burglarized to the tune of five or six hundred dollars…


August 8 – A long range plan for modernizing the Culver Public Library using a federal grant was presented to the library board…


August 15 – Tim Baltes was arrested for an attempted robbery of the State Exchange Bank’s drive-in window…


September 5 – A tragic accident claimed the lives of Clyde and Sandra Craft…

Marshall County Lumber Co. became Culver Lumber, Inc.under the management of Wally Dinsmore…


October 3 – The Lyndon B. Johnson natural beauty program citation was awarded to the Culver Post Office…


November 7 – Ronald Tusing held a Grand Announcement to announce his ownership of Mr. T’s Culver Rexall Drug store…


November 14 – The congregation of the Methodist Church voted to change the name of the church to the Wesley United Methodist Church…

Culver Community High School will be known in athletics as the Cavaliers…


November 28 – Wrestling is introduced as new varsity sport at CCHS


December 19 – Donald Hamilton has been appointed new manager of McGills…


1991 In Review 

January 2 – Severe flooding followed torrential rains, and the Culver water tower went dry at the peak of the storm, leaving virtually everyone in town without water... 

January 9 – Monterey residents lamented the flooding of the Tippecanoe River...

January 16 – Construction of the Huffington Library was under way on the Culver Academies campus with pouring of concrete footings expected any day…

January 23 – It was revealed that the Culver Inn would be demolished sometime in the spring…

February 13 – Steel work was reported complete for a new C Pier at the Culver Town Park…

February 27 – Funeral services were scheduled for Todd Tusing, who had disappeared mysteriously from the campus of Vincennes University, where he was a student…

March 13 – An unexpected late winter snowstorm brought traffic to a virtual halt, and a snow emergency was declared in Marshall County…

March 20 – Sightings of two bald eagles were reported on the edge of Lake Maxinkuckee…

March 27 – The Culver Inn was slated for demolition by the end of the week…

April 10 – A New “yield”sign was placed at the key intersection of Main Street and Lake Shore Drive…

Law-enforcement authorities were seeking a gunman who robbed an Argos Park ‘n Shop employee…

April 24 – The Parlor, 114 N. Main St., was temporarily closed after a fire broke out in a fluorescent lighting fixture…

May 22 – Police are looking for an arsonist who set a fire at the Woodcraft Camp at the Culver Academies…

May 29 – Two Culver Military Academy students were expelled after admitting their involvement in the fire that did $10,000 in damage at the Woodcraft Camp…

June 19 – Lightning struck St. Anne’s Church, Monterey, during a severe storm…

June 26 – Residents of Miller’s Merry Manor, Culver, were evacuated by employees and Culver volunteer firemen after a fire filled the facility with smoke…

July 10 – Residents returned to two pods of Miller’s Merry Manor…

July 24 – Culver officials were busy eradicating marijuana which was about two weeks early in its development…

August 28 – D. W. Wallcovering moved from Starke County to Culver, where it is occupying the former Shirt Shed building…

Culver’s Fleet Post No. 103 of the American Legion dissolved with a final get-together…

September 11 – The first woman firefighter in Marshall County, Mary Hinderliter, began training with the Culver-Union Township Volunteer Fire Department…

September 18 – One man was killed and toxic smoke released into the air in a train collision near the Starke County Airport…

October 23 – Walker Manufacturing has announced it may hire 70 people in preparation for its role in supplying the exhaust system for a new Chrysler car to be introduced in 1993…

Plans for the Leiters Ford branch of the Society Bank to close Dec. 6 were announced… 

October 30 – The Citizen announced it was moving across the street to 107 S. Main… 

November 20 – The Culver Thrift Shop found a new location at 215 S. Ohio St….

Maxinkuckee Home Supply Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in U. S. Bankruptcy Court in South Bend… 

December 4 – Prowlers were reported on two occasions around Culver residences… 

December 11 – An outbreak of a flu-like illness sent many students home from the Culver Community Schools…

The name of Buckeye Feed and Supply at Monterey was changed to Frick Services Inc…



1996 In Review

January 24 – Culver-Union Township Emergency Medical Services received approval for two full-time paid employees after a lengthy debate by the town council…

A landmark tavern at the southern edge of Langenbaum Lake near Monterey was destroyed by fire… 

January 31 – Culver police were investigating the theft of a large amount of money from the Revco Drug Store…

Fire ravaged a historic cottage owned by the Sturman family during a wind and snow storm on the East Shore… 

March 13 – A suspect in a Lakeville shooting and a companion were taken into custody by Culver police officer Jerry Palmer on East Shore Drive… 

April 3 – Culver Community Schools Supt. Brad Schuldt was authorized to enter into a contract to provide internet service to the two school buildings in Culver… 

April 10 – Work was under way to replace the loading dock at the Culver Post Office… 

April 24 – A line of tornadoes touched down between Burr Oak and Hibbard, resulting in heavy damage… 

May 8 – The building on East Jefferson Street that once served as a livery barn and later as a lumber company was torn down… 

May 29 – The Multi-County Drug Task Force arrested eight people on a variety of charges at a rural home commonly known as “the farm.” 

June 12 – The town accepted a former gas station property purchased and cleaned up by James Dicke of New Bremen, Ohio … 

August 14 – A new fire truck was dedicated in a ceremony at Monterey… 

August 21 – Former Culver addictions therapist, James Lloyd was charged with murder in the death of David Garland of Knox… 

August 28 – Tim Crowel was killed and Jan Eby was injured in a crash of a single-engine plane piloted by Eby in Michigan… 

September 11 – Neil Berdine, a Culver Community Junior-Senior High School freshman, was killed and fellow student Kenneth Romney Allen was seriously injured in a moped accident near Monterey… 

September 25 – The Culver-Union Township Public Library board agreed to meet with the architect who designed North Judson’s expansion, which included saving the town’s Carnegie library… 

October 2 – Lucas Marshman, 19, was killed in a construction accident at a house on South Main Street…

October 9 – The Dicke Administration Center was dedicated in the Legion Memorial Building on the campus of the Culver Academies… 

November 6 – The Antiquarian and Historical Society of Culver revealed plans for a small park on the site of the former Texaco gasoline station at the southwest corner of Main and Jefferson… 

December 4 – The Culver-Union Township Public Library Board declined to sponsor a  feasibility study to learn whether the present Carnegie library building could be preserved in an expanded library facility, but the Antiquarian and Historical Society of Culver said it would sponsor the study on its own…

A savage harvest of pine trees in the Marshall County Memorial Forest was among logging projects north of Culver, trees downed in the spring tornado were being cut elsewhere… 

December 18 – Friends said goodbye at funeral services for Jerome J. and Elizabeth J. Zechiel, who were killed in a two-vehicle accident north of Plymouth…


From By-Ways to Highways, Buggies to Autos, Railways to Airways . . .

1679 – LaSalle discovered passageway, St. Joseph River – Kankakee Portage.

1600’s – 1700’s – Travel by Potawatomi, Fox, Miami Indians, French Trappers  (Astor & Hudson Bay) used canoes, bateaux, rafts, ---Indian trails, rivers, lakes. Area used traces included: Portage Trace to east; Westward Trace to Lake Michigan; Kankakee Trace; Yellow River Trace; Tippecanoe River Trace north to St. Joe River; trails through swamps and finger extensions of Grand Prairie, Fox-Grape and Pearson Prairies; Trails marked by Trail Trees.

1787 – Along with enactment of Northwest Ordinance Congress adopts public land survey system (Congressional Twp. – 6-mile square numbered blocks) which eventually provided for section line roads.

1816 – Indiana becomes 19th State. Settlers came to Indiana by boat or overland on Buffalo, Indian traces.

1820’s-1836 – Series of Indian treaties ceding lands to government.

1825 – Indiana had 52 counties as treaties opened to settlement large area north Wabash, Eel Rivers

1886 – Potawatomi Indians cede 100-foot right-of-way, Lake Michigan to Wabash River then to Ohio River, plus section contiguous to road

1827 – U.S. Congress approves 1826 treaty providing for Michigan Road

1836 – Pioneers arrive, -- overland from Southern Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio. Settlements at Maxinkuckee, Geneva (Culver-Uniontown), Wolf Creek, Poplar Grove, Plymouth, Twin Lakes, Leiters Ford, Buena Vista (Monterey), High ground trails led to villages.

1836 -- Construction of Michigan Road underway with clearing of land. Financed by sale of land, --166,913 acres sold for $241,173.Construction had started in 1832.

1840 – Sale of Lands, U.S. Land Office, Northwest Indiana, Winamac.

1840’s – Transport of grain from area overland to Logansport mill took 2 weeks travel time.

1848 – Indiana land surveyed: 21,359, 707 acres; lands sold, 15,477,628 acres; reserved-common schools, 631,803 acres; swamp lands, 981,682 acres; Indian Reserves, 126,220 acres; unsold 3,271,780 acres. Marshall County: taxable land, 181,154 acres, unsold 70,000 acres

1848 -- In 1848 George Eaton built ¾ mile bridge across Kankakee River at Potawatomie Crossing which aided the settlement of Northwest Indiana.

1850’s – Bridges were few, --- one of the first across Tippecanoe, Michigan Road, to the west, Germany Bridge, 1879; Leiters Ford, Marshland (Delong), at Monterey, west of Monterey, Haschell Bridge, 1870’s; Yellow River Bridge on Behmer Road crossing, Wolf Creek, etc.

1850’s – Marshland-swamp areas hindered road building. In Culver and just south were Hawk’s Marsh and Green’s Marsh (near Long Point); to the west were the Lake Manitau and Houghton Lake and Marsh, to the northeast were wet lowlands. Planking aided in some areas and high knoll passage ways, and river fording.

1851 – Eight streets in Uniontown (Culver): Cass, Jefferson, Madison, Lake (Lake Shore Drive), Main, Scott, Washington, and Scott Streets

1856 – On Nov. 12 Ft. Wayne-Chicago R.R. line (Pennsy) reached Plymouth.

1863 – Public road, around East Shore to South side, Lake Maxinkuckee opened. The road passed through Van Schoiack barnyard where gate had to be opened, closed. Some indication that tolls were charged.

1870’s – Drainage of wetlands, bridge building, road improvement slowly underway. Main roads included, northeast route to Wolf Creek Mills, Behmer Road to Plymouth, Maxinkuckee Road to Argos, Routes to Leiters Ford, Monterey, and later to Kewanna-Logansport.

1882 – Vandalia Rail line (Logansport-South Bend) engineers survey local routes, including one along East Shore of Lake, other West Shore which was used for route.

1882 -- Nickel Plate (New York-Chicago) rail line completed. Stations planned at Hibbard, Rutland, Burr Oak completed 1884; 1st train, August 30, 1882.

1883 – Vandalia rail line reaches Culver from Logansport, June 30. One passenger train daily. ( later called the Chicago-Atlantic)

1883 -- Erie-Lackawanna rail line from East reaches Rochester, later Leiters Ford, Delong, Monterey. Reached Chicago 1890.

1884 – Bicycles new mode of transportation in East.

1880-1915 – Steamboats on Lake Maxinkuckee is means of transportation.. (See Historical listing, Lake Boats)

1887 – L.E. & W. rail line (Peru-Michigan City via Argos LaPorte) completed.

1889 – July 18 – 12,000 visitors arrive at Culver to attend Culver Park Assembly aboard excursion trains, ---990 passengers from Logansport; 644,  South Bend; 573, Terra Haute; 370, Fort Wayne; 244, Kewanna; 650, Plymouth; 324 Erie-Lackawanna; 1024 New York Central, etc.

         - L.E. & W. Railroad advertised special excursion from Argos to Indianapolis; fare $1.00.

         - Auto steam engine powered vehicle patented.

1892 – Durea patents auto gasoline engine.

1895 – Nickel Plate Railroad considers building branch line, Burr Oak to Culver

1897 – Nickel Plate operates 8 passenger trains daily. In 1898 their trains featured Wagner Sleeping Cars and Diner.

1900 – Weekend excursions brought 5 to 7 thousand visitors to lake during Summer-Fall.

1902-03 – Gasoline powered autos make appearance in area.

1903 – Improved gravel base road encircles Lake Maxinkuckee…Newspaper item “Culver needs more hitching racks for traders”

…. Airplane with motor invented

1904 – In a 24-HP Winton auto, Knight Culver and his family drove from St. Louis to Culver arriving here after 4 days, Oct.3rd… On Nov.1 the Logansport-South Bend extension, Vandalia Railroad went out of receivership into hands, new owner, Pennsylvania Railroad.

1900’s – S.C. Shilling was among first car dealers in area selling Ford Model T.

1905 – Rail excursions, regular trains brought more than 5,100 visitors to lake, July 16 ….NEWS ITEM: Fine for hitching horses to shade trees: $10.00.” …

…ADV.: Hayes & Son Livery, “Buggies at your own price” … NEWS REPORT: Mr. & Mrs. Osborn injured when auto struck their buggy, Lake Shore Drive.

…. Town speed limits: Bus District, 8 mph; residential areas, 15 mph; rural roads, 20 mph. (Note: signs posted, 1908)

1910 – Train Timetable shows 6 trains daily, 4 on Sunday with stops at Arlington, Culver Station, CMA, and Hibbard.

         - January 27th, South Bend-Logansport Traction Line Co. plans for Interurban line through area. In preliminary plan, route to skirt east side of Lake. Promoters seek to establish amusement park, Van Schoiack Farm. Later plans indicate change of route with line to go down Lake Shore Drive, and Main Street, Culver.

1911 – Town to pave section of Main Street with Poster brick .Cost $4.60 @ lineal ft.

1914 – In May, Marshall County Commissioners announce award of contracts for graveling road, Union Township, and brick paving of street in Culver.

1915 – Town of Culver has 11/8 miles of brick paved streets.

1916 – Newspaper reports that as of October 20th S.C. Shilling has sold 36 Fords this year.

1918 – November 17th, Nickel Plate passenger train and freight train in head-on collision at Burr Oak. Rescue efforts hampered by 10-ft. snow drifts. Rever Auto, 85 MPH.

1919 – June 9th, construction work starts on road to Academy from Bunker Hill extending 5500-ft., north, CMA stables Cost ; $14,000. (NOTE: Earlier rd. ran close, Aubbeenabbee Bay, entering CMA grounds about where Logansport Gate located).

         - May 12, Walker Winslow, Lake Resident purchases an airplane. . . . . NEWS REPORT May 21: “Airplane flying overhead nearly unbelievable” . . . July 2, Air rides: $5.00 for 15-minute ride.

1920 – Vandalia Depot destroyed by fire, January 12. Construction began on new station in spring

         - November 17, State Highway Commission announces plans for new east-west highway, St. Rd. #50 (later S.R. #10), Warsaw to Demotte.

1921 – D. Hatten named dealer for Maxwell Auto.

         - November 17, A.L. Warner using a Reo chassis constructed a home on wheels to drive to Florida.

1922 –News comment states ownership of Oakland Essex and Moon Cars  are status symbols.

         - May 24, Culver-Bass Lake gravel base road opened.

1923 – Culver-Plymouth Behmer Road to be paved

1925 – Motor busses begin replacing 2-horse drawn school hacks. Hacks began transporting pupils in 1900 in area

         - New Culver Car Agency handles Star Auto.

1926 – Losier Tazi Co. adds 15-passenger bus to taxi fleet.

1929 – Features of new Model A Ford demonstrated early in May . . . New Chevrolet price: $595.

         - May 29, State road oiled to keep down dust. . . . . Submit petition to county to pave road around Long Point. . . . August, announce plans to pave Ohio and Madison Streets. . . . Petition state to pave State Road 10

         - 1909 – Capt. Bays drove his Auburn from Culver to Sullivan Indiana in 11 hrs. Casualties: 1 dog, 2 chickens, 1 turkey

         - 1900’s Recreationally sailing, speed boats, ice sailing boats, canoeing, John-boat river trips became popular.

1930 – February 26th, roads impassable due to sudden thaw. Only outlet from Culver is paved road to Plymouth. State Road 10 closed . . . Final section Lake Shore Drive paved; College Avenue to be paved . . . September 24, Gasoline 14.4 cents @ gallon.

1931 – Petition state for North-South, -- Plymouth-Culver-Logansport State Road . . . . News account tells of Culver family driving to Cleveland Ohio in 17 hrs.

1932 – January 12, Plymouth-Logansport highway route through Culver (West Shore, Main Street, Lake Shore Drive becomes State Road 17.)

1940 – State Highway Commission to incorporate 10-mile extension of Fulton-Marshall County line road into state highway system (State Road 110).

1942 – In July Pennsylvania Railroad petitions to eliminate two local passenger trains . . . November 18, motorists register for gas rationing . . . Note: in 1943 gas stations limited to 72 hrs. per week, Fifield Road widened, 1941.

1947 – March 24, Inaugurate Culver-Plymouth bus service. April 1, Construction begins, 4-lane U.S. 31 Plymouth-South Bend, November 27 – Last Pennsylvania train through Culver.

1949 – July 11, new bridge over Yellow river, north of Burr Oak opened . . . C & O. discontinues passenger service through Kewanna

1950’s – State Road 110 widened; State Road 17 relocated west of Culver; State Road 117, east shore established. Relocation of State Road 10 plans shelved, 1953

1952 – South Shore Road relocated. Many UFOs sighted.

1973 – Energy shortage; Gasoline in short supply

1976 – Pennsylvania Railroad announces rail traffic close.

1979 – Gasoline shortage; Gasoline as high as $1.11.


Along The Area’s Educational Trail 

1787 – Northwest Ordinance includes Article stating education to be encouraged 

1791 – 10th Amendment, U.S. Const. places responsibility for education with states. 

1790’s – Public education began in Indiana Territory with establishment of parochial schools, --Presbyterian, Methodist, Catholic. 

1816 – Indiana 1816 Const. states General Assembly to provide for general system of education in graduation to university. – Parochial education in area—Father Badin, Twin Lakes; Rev. Isaac McCoy, Niles and N. Indiana. 

1831 – Enacted statute provides that 3 trustees are to control school & Twp. Funds. 

1834 – 1st general school law provides for rural school and county seminaries. 

1836-37 – Thomas McDonald starts first Union Twp. school. 

1840 – 3 schools in Marshall Co., 1st school, Aubbeenaubbss Twp; 1841, 1st school, Tippecanoe Twp. 

1842 – Both district and subscription schools included in educational system. 

1848 – In State Referendum on Free Schools, Union Twp. vote: 38 for; 21 against. 

1851 – Indiana 1st state to provide in its new constitution (Art. 8) for free public education. 

1852 – Gen. Assembly statute permits tax levy on property for schools. (It was not until after Civil War that levies were authorized to finance education)

- New statute places schools under 1 trustee instead of three. 

1853 – Beginning of graded school system. 

1862 – Records show 84 schools, Marshall Co. 

1874 – Average school term length: 6.4 months. 

1875 – Record shows 130 schools, Marshall Co. 

1840-1979 – Aubbeenaubbee Twp.has been served by 11 schools, -- Leiters Ford, Delong, Sandhill, Beaver, Myers, Paw Paw (Smallpox), Hartman, Ditmire, Polley, Hays (Mt. Hope), and Ellis. 

1841-1979 – Tippecanoe Twp. has been served by 11 schools;--1841 Campbell, 1889 La Fountain, 1880 Casey, 1889 Get-A-Way, 1900 Center, 1912 Meeks, 1844 Monterey, Wilson, Wade, O.K., Lawton, (Mud College). 

1850-1960 – North Bend Twp. served by 8 schools, --Parker, 1880 Schmidt, Horner, Kelly, Bass Lake (Winona), 1897 Ora, 1913 North Bend and Williams. 

1836-1979 – Union Twp. served by 15 schools, --1899 Culver H.S.; Culver Elementary, Burr Oak, Hibbard, Rutland, Maxinkuckee, Washington, Kaley, Mt. Pleasant, Hillside, Sickman, Poplar Grove, 1864 Shaw, Kaley (Zion). 

1894 – Culver Military Academy opens. 

1895 – St. Ann’s School, Monterey opens. 

1897 – 1st North Bend Twp. H. S.  

1899 – 1st graduating class Culver H. S.  

1900 – 1-room school buildings doomed as new State limits walking distance to 2-miles.

Horse drawn hacks used to transport pupils, as districts consolidate. 

1902 – Culver Summer Naval School established. 

1906 – Culver School Building dedicated, (School St.) 

1907 – CMA Summer Calvary School opens.  

1910 – School Board Purchases 10-acre site (School St.) 

1912 – CMA Woodcraft Camp begins 

1913 – New North Bend Twp. H. S. dedicated 

1915 – Cit. Mil Tr. Camp at CMA (CMTC) 

1921 – New 3-story Culver H. S. building dedicated 

1929 – Local Public School became Twp. School

        - New Community building dedicated. 

1930 – Monterey High School destroyed by fire 

1931 – North Bend H. S. discontinued. Students transferred to Culver, Knox. 

1936 – Dedicated new Monterey H. S.  

1942 – CMA Junior College organized 

1945 – Aubbeenaubbee H. S. destroyed by fire 

1951-52 – New Aubbeenaubbee H. S. dedicated 

1952 – New Culver Elementary Building dedicated 

1959 – State School Reorganization Law enacted. 

1963 – State approves area reorganized school district,-- Aubbeenaubbee, North Bend, Union Twp. 

1967 – Tippecanoe Twp. joins local district

        - Merge Aubbee, Culver, Monterey H.S. 

1968 – Dedicate new Culver Community H. S. building 

1971 – Culver Academy for Girls, CMA 

1973 – CMA, School of Aviation


ADMINISTRATION, Culver Public Schools, 1899-1979 

-Superintendent of Schools-

 1899-1911 – I. S. Hahn

1911-1914 – W. P. Bland

1914-1915 – Lenore McLaughlin

1915-1916 – James D. Darnell

1916-1917 – Lenore McLaughlin

1917-1925 – Deane E.Walker

1925-1929 – J. L. Tombaugh 

-         Principal –

-         (Note: In 1929 the Culver School

-         Board turned over Public School

-         to jurisdiction of Twp. Trustee)

1929-1954 – Floyd M. Annis

1954-1960 – Raymond M. Ives

1960-1963 – Kenneth Cole. Mr. Cole continued

as principal CHS, until 1966. 

-         Superintendent of Schools –

-         ( NOTE: School District reorganized

-         and began operation January, 1966 )

1963-1966 – Frank McLane

1966-1971 – Robert Rust

1971-1977 – A. F. Allen

1977- 1990 -- William Mills

1990s-present -- Brad Schuldt

See also: Culver Schools page -- Culver Academies page


Historical Listing Famed Lake BoatsSailing Craft, Steamboats, Diesels, Yesteryear to Present


1852 – “Queen of the Lake” . . . Large Flat Bottomed Skiff, built by Isaac A. Morris.

1874 – “The Anna” . . . . Large Sailboat, built by W. W. Hill.

1876 – “The Nancy Lee” . . . Built by Capt. Ed Morris.

1878 – “The Victor” . . . . First Flat Bottom Sailing Craft, Steamboat

1880 – “The Elephant” . . . 18X20’ Sailing Craft, in cooperation building venture, built by Lake View Club membership.

         - “The Welcome” ; in 1885 renamed “The Lake Forest” . . . 14X50’ two-deck, side wheeler steamboat . . . built by Capt. Ed Morris

1883 – “The Aubbeenaubbee” . . . Steamboat, two-decker

         - “The Bessie” . . .

1884 – “The Lloyd McSheeny” . . . Steamboat; Owner, Capt. Oliver Knapp

1886 – “The Peerless” . . . Steamboat; Capacity: 100 passengers; builder, Capt. Ed Morris, (Note: 1894 advertisement says: “Steamer Peerless meets 7 trains daily at Vandalia Park and carries passengers to all Hotels.”

1895 – “The Peerless II” . . . Steamboat built by Capt. Ed Morris . . . Sold to M. K. Lord, 1897. Remained in operation till 1915.

1903 – “The Doxie” . . . Steamer, built by Capt. Crook, was launched May, 1903. (Note: Announcement states: “ Accommodations to all cottages and persons to points around Lake Maxinkuckee.”

         - “The Neeswaugee” . . . 14X70’ 2-deck Steamboat, Capacity: 200 passengers, built by Capt. Crook. Remained in service till 1915.

 (?)  - “The Daisy” . . . Steamboat.

1883 – “ The W. R McKeen” . . . Ironclad Steamer.

1905 – “The White Swan” . . . 30X70’ 2-deck excursion ship, builder, Capt. Crook . . . Remained in service till 1907.   … Prominent tourist floating dance pavilion.

1938 – “The Red Wing”  Formerly on Lake Manitou, the 65-passenger, diesel powered excursion ship purchased, 1938 by Art Simpson. Renamed “The Maxinkuckee”. Later owned by Erv Thessin, Frank Amond, Phil Scruggs, Sold late ‘70’s for use, Lake Wawassee.

1941 – “CSS Fowler” . . . 3-Masted Square Rigger with auxiliary diesel power. Built, CMA boat shop by W. C. Craft. Named for Comdr. O.W. Fowler, director, Culver Naval School. (54X13’ ship carries 1,600 sq. ft. Sail.)

1958 – “CSNS Yarnell” . . . 60X131/2’ diesel powered, destroyer type ship. Built CMA Boat Shop by W. C. Craft. Named for Adm. Harry Yarnell, CNS Director.


ALMANAC: Incidental Events, Civil Happenings In Area’s Development 

CONCERNING THE SETTING, -- The immediate area, influenced greatly by the Ice Age is situated near the southwestern corner of the Saginaw Moraine or Maxinkuckee Drift. In addition to Lake Maxinkuckee, there are 16 natural lakes in a 15-mile radius. In addition, the area is marked by pot holes, old lake beds, and by wetlands which were originally quite extensive.

Marsh lands in the immediate area originally included Green’s Marsh, west of Lake Maxinkuckee; Hawk’s Marsh, southwest of Culver; Lake Manitau and HoughtonLake areas, north and east of Culver; ti identify a few. Also several brooks, creeks, when dammed served in pioneer days as a source of power for grist mills and sawmills. Prominent among the power producing streams was the outlet to Lake Maxinkuckee, the stream near Bigley’s Maxinkuckee Orchard, Wolf Creek, and the outlet to Twin Lakes (Sligo).

Originally, drift soil, some reputed to be 200-ft. deep, varied from light sandy to heavy muck. There were many pockets of malleable clay (near Rutland, Hibbard), marl, and pockets of bog iron.

Three rivers, the Tippecanoe, Yellow, and Kankakee rivers bisect the area. In pioneer days they served as arterial routes for the Redman and White hunters, trappers, and fishermen. For the most part the area was heavily forested with oak, maple, hickory, walnut, tamarack, and other trees and shrub growth. To the west (Pulaski County) were the famed prairies, ---the Fox-Grape, the Grand, Oliver’s, Pearson’s, Dry and North Western Prairies. Some were wetland, suitable for grazing, the dry prairies were mostly black loam and occasionally marl. It is believed that fingers of two of the prairies reached into Marshall County, (West of Burr Oak). 

THE ICE AGE, --- Topographically the melting of glaciers not only created lakes, streams, marshes, moraines, and kettle holes, but ridges were left separating drainage basins, boulders, and to the south, heavy limestone formations. 

MOUND BUILDERS, ---Though little is known of the once-upon-a-time Mound Builder residents, there is recorded historical evidence of three large mounds. McDonald’s and other studies show that one mound was found on the Lake farm, southeast of Burr Oak, and two others near Lake Maxinkuckee. It is believed that Mound Builders, as did the Indians later, built their homes on high ground. 

THE INDIANS, ---Among the earliest Indian inhabitants of the area (Northern Indiana) were the Miamis, who claimed North Central Indiana. There are indications that a bit to the south the Shawnees and Delaware tribes infringed upon the Miami claimed area. To the Northeast the Fox Indians were competitors. Later the Fox Indians with approval of the Miamis claimed the local area as their hunting and fishing domain. Still later roving Potawatomie Indians encroached upon the area causing disputes. 

THE POTAWATOMIES, --- were a tribe of the Algonquin race. With the Ottawas, the Potawatomies were related to the Onippewas, ---the Ojibway of Longfellow’s “Hiawatha”. Known as “Fire (Council)Builders”, original home of the Potawatomies was the Great Lakes region of Northern Michigan. Driven west by the Iroquois they eventually occupied the Michigan Peninsula and the Green Bay area in Eastern Wisconsin. The Potawatomies were a two division tribal group, ---those who moved south from the Wisconsin forests into the prairie regions of Illinois and Indiana became known as the Prairie Potawatomies. Those who remained in Wisconsin’s forests were known as the Potawatomies of the Woods. 

    In the early 1800’s an estimated 2,000 or more Potawatomies occupied areas north of the Wabash River. In the immediate area there were several villages, all trail linked, -- Chief Neeswaugee’s village just north of the east-west Maxinkuckee Road; Quashqua’s, south of the Maxinkuckee Road; Menominee, Twin Lakes; Benack, southeast Marshall County; a village just north west of Culver; three villages along the Kankakee River; Aubbeenaubbee, south of Lake Maxinkuckee; a village near Kewanna; Chief Winimack, along the Tippecanoe near Winamac; and two near Rochester. 

TREATIES, --The Miamis, Delaware, Potawatomie, Fox, and other tribes made many treaties with the U.S. Government. More than 40 such treaties are recorded. Some have to do with individuals and small possessions, others record the cessions of great areas. Still others in the late 1820’s and 1830’s involved the ceding of reservation parcels to the government. 

FUR TRADERS – French, English, and American hunters, trappers, and traders were involved throughout the 16th and 17th century in a growing and lucrative fur trade enterprise. At first, an individual operation, it involved establishment of trading posts. 

REFERENCE – For added general information the proceeding “Historical, --Time line Profile, A Glimpse Of Our Yesterday’s In Our Hoosierland Community-Area”, presents background for this study. For detailed information the presentation includes a “Time Line” empirical-topical approach, including, Glimpse of Area Religious Activities; Chronology Showing Development of Transportation, Highways to Byways; Listing of Famed Lake Boats; Education Development Over the Years; Directory of Famed Hotels, Clubs; Data, Lake Maxinkuckee; Health-Sanitation including Indian, Pioneer Pharmacopia; A Glimpse of Athletics through the Years; A Glimpse of Weather, Natural Phenomena; Industry- Vocational Pursuits; Clubs-Organizations; Festivities, Recreation, Entertainment; Cemeteries; and Communities, Newspaper, TV, Wireless, Radio. 

“Time Line” Trail Showing Happenings, Area Development 

Early 1600’s – Miami Indians among early inhabitants, Northern Indiana. Late 1600’s Miamis boasted war footing of 1500 braves.

1640 – Jesuit missionaries plan creation of Christian nation among area Indians

1669 – LaSalle visits Indian villages in his exploration, upper Midwest.

1670-1838 – Potawatomi Indians culminated their southward trek from Lake Superior-Green Bay area. Occupied widely inscribed area extending from Northern Illinois into Southern Michigan.

1680’s – LaSalle, French explorer, discovers St. Joseph-Kankakee River Portage which made possible continued exploration of Mid-West giving France claim to and control of Louisiana Territory, 1682-1763.

Early 1700’s – France discouraged settlements because all commerce rights was granted by King to courtiers and fur companies.

1720’s – English traders, explorers, colonists, began crowding into area west of Allegheny Mountains.

1732 – France authorizes establishment of colonies, Northwest Territory.

1763 – Peace of Paris, marking end of French & Indian War, France relinquished control of Northwest Territory to England.

1765 – George Crogan, England’s Indian Agent, made series of treaties with Indians.

1763-1779 – England controlled area.

1778-1804 – String of American, British, French trading posts established throughout area. American firm was John J. Astor’s.

1774 – England attached area to Quebec thwarting land speculation.

1781 – Mission destroyed. Indians had no contact with Christian missionaries for 40 years.

1787 – Northwest Ordinance provides for organization of 3 to 5 states.

1788 – Congressional Survey established with Congressional Townships providing for defining location.

         - Marietta, Ohio, Northwest territorial capitol.

1795 – Treaty of Greenville – Miami Indians recognize Potawatomies right of ownership Northern Indiana. Confirmed in Indian Treaty, 1815.

1797 – Peace established with Indians.

         - Previous grants by English and French to land speculators declared null & void by Territorial legislature.

1804 – Indiana becomes Territory, 2nd class.

         - Area shipment of furs, -- 18,000 pelts valued at $160,000.

         - Villages of Indians in area included Neeswaugee, Quashqua, and Aubbeenaubbee, and five other villages.

1805 – Since nearly all land, Southern Indiana sold to settlers, only land available were the Indian lands, Northern Indiana.

1811 – Tremendous earthquake, centered, New Madrid, Missouri, Dec. 16, 1811, rocked Mid-west.

         - Great comet of 1811 causes Indian wonderment.

1814-1833 – Series of treaties ceding land to U.S. Government and establishment of reservations

1816 – Indiana admitted to Union as 19th state.

         - Settlers came to Indiana by boat or overland on buffalo traces or Indian trails.

          - Year without summer,-- snow, sleet, 17 days, May June; frost , July; ice, August; Temperature hit 116, July frost in two weeks.

          - In Northern Indiana trace-travel routes included: Portage Trace (Fort Wayne): Westward Trace, east-west to Lake Michigan: Kankakee Trace, St. Joe River – South: Yellow River Route; Tippecanoe River Trace, north to St. Joe River; and seasonal traces through the prairies, the Grand, Fox-Grape, Drye, North Western, Olivers  and Pearson Prairies. Indian trails threaded marshlands.

1817 – U.S. Government carries land survey, Midwest.

1819 – U.S. offers land $2.00 per acre, with one-fourth down with purchase, balance 3 equal installments.

1820 – Rev. Isaac McCoy upon request of Chief Menominee visits Twin Lakes Potawatomi Village. Carey Mission near Niles, opened January 24, 1823.

1825 – Governor James B. Ray, 1st of 4 Whig Governors (Noah Noble, 1831-37; David Wallace, 1837-40; Samuel Bigger, 1840-43) takes office. Gov. Ray sought ambitious program, internal improvement including: opening lands for settlement, chartering railroads, canal building, road building by public bond issue.

         - President named as commissioners to negotiate treaties with the Miami and Potawatomies Gov. Ray and Generals Carr and Tipton.

         - October 26, Erie Canal began operation. In payment for construction of Erie Canal, U.S. government gave land, Northwest Territory, among grants was land in Marshall County.

         - In 1825 Indiana had 52 counties as treaties with Indians opened lands north of Wabash River.

1826 – October 16, Paradise Springs near Wabash, Potawatomies-Miamis cede strip of land, across Northern Indiana-Southern Michigan to U.S. in return for a $2,000 per year annuity. Also ceded was a 100-ft. right-of-way, plus contiguous section of land for building Michigan Road, Ohio River to Lake Michigan. Commissioners were Gov. Ray, L. Cass, John Tipton. Treaty approved by congress 1827.

1827-30 – Rev. Stephen Badin builds chapel, establishing Twin Lakes Mission. Badin succeeded by Father DeSeille, 1832-37;Father Benjamin Marie Pettit, 1837.

1828 – H.H. Scott becomes resident, Lake Maxinkuckee.

1830 – Michigan Road surveyed and laid out. In 1834 cleared, after a fashion, from Logansport to Lake Michigan.

1834-37 – In series of 16 treaties, Indians cede back to U.S. all reservation lands originally granted in 1832.

1835 – Heads of families come to Marshall County- Plymouth, Sligo, Lake Maxinkuckee, Wolf Creek, to enter lands.

1836 – April 1, Counties organized,-- Marshall, Fulton; June 1 Kosciuscko; Pulaski, May 6, 1840; Starke, January 15, 1850.

          - Population: Marshall County, 600 white, 1500 Indians; Fulton County, 1,800; Starke County, 149 (NOTE: Starke County was attached at first to Marshall County)

          - Marshall County organized with 3 civil townships, Center, Green, and North (NOTE: Union Township was attached to Green Township

           - July 26 – Area settlement began as settlers arrived by ox drawn wagons in Lake Maxinkuckee area, Wolf Creek, Twin Lakes, “Prairie” later named Cross Lanes and later Rutland; Poplar Grove, Plymouth, Leiters Ford, Buena Vista (Monterey).High ground trails led to settlements.

         - Wolf Creek known as upper settlement, Maxinkuckee “Fizzletown” as lower settlement.

         - Maxinkuckee, 1st village platted, 2 streets, Lake Street,--North-South; Washington Street,--East-West.

         - Many settlers were “New Light”Christians, 1st Christian Church between Maxinkuckee and Wolf Creek.

         - 1st Grist Mill, outlet, Twin Lakes.

         - 1st practicing physician, Dr. Thomas Lowe, Wolf Creek.

         - 1st school held, T. McDonald, teacher.

1837 – July 1,--1st emigration of Potawatomi tribes, Lake Maxinkuckee area, Kewanna to Western Osage River Reservation, Kansas.

1838 – Pioneer Eleazer Thompson, builds cabin, becomes 1st Lake Maxinkuckee cottager.

         - Thomas McDonald, 1st Justice of Peace

         - September 4, Potawatomies, Twin Lakes area, begin forced march to Western Reserve.

1839 – Winamac settled (NOTE: the Pulaski County seat became center for U.S. Government Land Office for Northwest Indiana)

1840’s – Fine quality bog iron found near Twin Lakes and other area wetlands. Charles Crocker, French Fisher built smelting forge, Sligo. Forge burned, 1848.Rebuilt by Crocker, 1849.Crocker later became Railroad magnate. Western U.S.

1840 – March 1, 17 residents present petition requesting establishment of Union Township, as 5th civil township in Marshall County. From 1836-40, area had been attached to Green Township. Name probably selected to perpetuate name of Union County, Indiana, former home of many petitioners. New township was 6 sections (6 mi.) wide, east-west; and 7 sections (7mi) long, north-south Much of area heavily timbered, many sections inaccessible because of marshland and lakes carving out many acres.

1840 – Brick-Tile making started near Cross Lanes (Rutland) . . . William Hunter, early Aubbeenaubbee resident, purchased land, south bank, Tippecanoe River. Leveled banks to provide fording place.

1841 – Campbell School, 1st school, Tippecanoe Township, Pulaski County established. Population Marshall County, 1,651.

1842 – Transport, grain from area to Logansport took 2 weeks travel time.

1844 – Bayliss L. Dickson, who owned farm bordering Northwest side of Lake Maxinkuckee, officially filed, on June 8, a 26-acre plat for a village, --Union Town. Platted and named by Dickson for Union County. Out of Northwest corner, Section 16, Township 32, Range 1 East. Dickson’s log cabin only dwelling on town plat which roughly extends today (Culver) from Mill Street, south to a bit north of Lake Shore Drive; from Lakeview-Plymouth Streets, east to Slate Street, west. (NOTE: Early county maps show village of Geneva, Northwest of Lake Maxinkuckee  . . . Established U.S.Post Office near Rutland.  . . . Rector House, 1st 2-story log house, built, Maxinkuckee Hill.

1846 – Manufacture of bricks-tiles thriving industry near Cross Lanes (Rutland), Hibbard and near Rochester.

1847 – Brilliant Comet trails cause apprehension

1848 – In State Referendum on Free Schools, Union Township vote was 38 for, 21 against.

         - Lands surveyed in Indiana show 21,359,707 acres. Lands sold 15,477,628 acres; reserved for common schools, 631,803 acres; swamp lands, 981,682 acres; Indian reserves, 126,220 acres; unsold land, 3,271,780 acres.

         - Report shows taxable land Marshall County, 181,154 acres; unsold, 70,000 acres. Taxable land, Fulton County, 126,106; Pulaski County, 4184 acres.

1849 – Population, Union Township, 280; Marshall County, (estimated) 5,000; Starke County, 450

          - Buena Vista, village along Tippecanoe River, Pulaski County, platted and renamed Monterey.

1850 – June 12, Knox, Starke County, platted.

         - 1st settlement, North Bend Township, Starke County . . . Build some plank roads.

1851 – Indiana adopts new State Constitution.

         - Union Town resurveyed and transferred by Bayliss Dickson to his brother-in-law, Thomas K. Houghton, Upon request of Dr. G.A. Durr name of town changed from Union Town to Marmont, in honor of famed French General. Surveyed town became Houghton original plat.

         - Eight streets in Marmont, -- Jefferson, Madison, Cass, Scott, Plymouth, Lake, Washington, Main. Plymouth Pilot, 1st newspaper

         - June 8, Argos (Sidney-Fremont) plotted.

         - Marshall County had 45,280 acres swampland.

1853 – James Boyce, established water-powered sawmill along dammed up Maxinkuckee outlet, south of lake.

         - May 19, Commissioner of Indian Affairs report shows that between 1833 and 1851 4,792 Potawatomies, Miamis and other Indian tribes had emigrated to Western Reserves. Report did not include group of 500 removed in 1836; 842 in 1837; or 700-800 in 1847.

1856 – November 10, 1st of many rail lines, Fort Wayne-Chicago (Pennsy) Railroad reaches Plymouth.

1857 – Thomas K. Houghton, who in 1851 had become owner of Marmont town site, filed certificate attached to what was said to be amended plat (Union Town) Marmont.

1858 – Maxinkuckee Post Office established, (discontinued, 1902)

1859 – Walnut Township organized, Sidney-Fremont, consolidated and renamed Argos.

1860 – Presidential election, Abraham Lincoln carried Marshall County by 153 votes. S. Douglas carried Pulaski County by 144 votes.

         - Eli Parker opens store in Maxinkuckee. J. Green buys land between lakes.

1862 – Report shows 86 schools, Marshall County.

1863 – Newly graveled public road East Shore to South Side Lake Maxinkuckee opened. The Lake Road passed through Van Schoiack barnyard where gates had to be opened and closed.

1864 – September, Henry Harrison Culver and Emily J. Hand, daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Wm. J. Hand, were married in home of bride, at Wolf Creek, 7 miles Northeast of Culver . . . January,  21 below zero, heavy snow

1864 – In presidential election McClellan carried Marshall County by 383 votes over Abraham Lincoln.

         - Families from Germany arrive and establish settlements Mt. Pleasant, South, Lake Maxinkuckee; Zion neighborhood. About this time Scandinavian (Swedish) emigrants settled West Central Marshall County and Eastern Starke County.

1866 – 160-acre farm, south shore of Lake Maxinkuckee, brought record price in sale, -- $2.00 to $5.00 per acre.

1870 – Marmont Pump Factory established, South Main Street.

         - Captain Ed Morris established boat building business near Palmer House.

         - Establishment, opening of Allegheny House, Maxinkuckee. This was the beginning of Hotel-Wayside Inn era, 1870-1930’s in which there were 23 Inns.

        - Drainage of swamplands proceed slow

        - Main roads usable in season, Marmont, Maxinkuckee to Wolf Creek; Sandhill road to Zion-Monterey; South road to Leiters Ford-Fulton County; Behmer Road, Plymouth; Maxinkuckee Road to Argos.

1872 – Landmark “Pine Tree House” built by A.T. Benedict, Maxinkuckee. Benedict ran sawmill on dammed creek running through Bigley property, ---also Grist Mill.

         - 12 schools, Union Township; 4 of brick construction, 8 frame; 9 women teachers, 2 men.

1873 – Establishment of Lake View Club. This was the beginning of the Poplar Club

Activities, ---some 14-20 organizations including; Highland House, Indiana Club, Logansport, Peru, Rochester, Plymouth Clubs, Lake View Club and others.

1875 – 130 schools, Marshall County

          - Drainage projects get underway.

1880’s – Development of Lake Shore summer residences began. Today there are more than 300 homes. Famed cottages and early summer residents included “Fairwinds”, the Winslows: “The Woodbank”, Glossbreners,  “House of a Thousand Candles”, Longs; the Vonnegut; N. Perry’s; Marmons; Hales; Griffiths; Perines; Barnes; Wests; Howell’s; Culver-Bell; Setsler; and others.

1882 – Villages of Hibbard, Rutland, Burr Oak platted.

          - August 30, 1st passenger train operates on newly completed New York, Chicago, St. Louis (Nickel Plate) Railroad.

1883 – Vandalia Railroad line, -- Logansport-South Bend reaches Culver.

          - Henry Harrison Culver spent 1st summer camping on Lake Maxinkuckee’s East Shore, later built cottage. Coming to the Lake, Mr. Culver had been ill. There is some indication he thought climate and spring water helped in regaining health. In the fall he purchased 98-acre Hissong farm. In 1884 he purchased adjoining 208-acre Aubbeenaubbee Bay Farm.

         - Beginning of famed Steamboat Era.

1885 – Nathaniel Gandy establishes livery stable.

1889 – July, Culver Park Assembly attracts over 20,000 visitors to Evangelistic sessions

          - Lake Erie & W Railroad advertises rail excursion rates of $1.00 Argos to Indianapolis

1891 – H.H. Culver arranges for Marshall County Agriculture Fair on Assembly grounds.

          - Vandalia (Town) Lakeside Park established. Maxinkuckee Ice Company employs 25-200 for annual ice harvest.

1894 – September 25, 1st session Culver Military Academy opens, 32 enroll.

          - Population, Marmont, 374

         - George Nearpass establishes Weekly Newspaper, Marmont Herald.

1895 – February, Original CMA Building destroyed by fire. Plan new building for cadets

         - October 4, Name of community changed from Marmont to Culver City.

         - Advertisement: “Exchange Bank of Marmont, John Osborn & Company”

         - Col. H.B. Holt, Indianapolis, who has 9 Ice Houses, plans to build 12 more. Ice brings high price in Logansport, Indianapolis.

         - Nickel Plate Railroad considers building branch rail line Burr Oak to Culver.

         - Trappers report excellent season with great numbers of pelts, -- muskrat, mink, otter, fox, Prairie Wolf . . . Porcupine killed west of town.

1896 – October, Missouri Military Academy, Mexico, Missouri, buildings destroyed in fire. Upon invitation, H.H. Culver, M.M.A. joined with CMA . . . Arlington Hotel burned, January 30

          - In referendum, citizens approve changing town’s name from Culver to Marmont.

          - March 13, 4 couples plus one who rode on hind bob joined for cross country sleigh ride, Culver-Zion.

1897 – September 26th, H.H. Culver passes away.

         - 1st school in North Bend Township, Starke County.

1898 – Estimate that nearly 2,000 people live around Lake during Summer season dwelling in cottages, clubs and hotels.

        -  Sea Beach development along East Shore of Lake, -- 16 building lots available from Maxinkuckee Road, south Price of lots range from $250 to $500.

1899 – 1st graduating class, Culver High School

         - 1st annual Maxinkuckee Chautauqua held, 26-acre Assembly Grounds, south side of town. . . . February 9, 22 below zero.

         - July 5, U.S Fish Commission begins 11-year biological study-survey, Lake Maxinkuckee under direction of Everman & Clark. Completed in 1917. Findings subsequently published in 2-volume report.

         - U.S. Fish Commission report shows 64 species of fish, 9 species of turtles, 100 species of aquatic plants, Lake Maxinkuckee.

1900 – O’Keefe Gravel Pit busy as public roads are improved . . . Yacht Club founded . .

          - Marshall County Population 25,119; Culver 505.

          - Report shows about 2,000 fishermen fish Lake Maxinkuckee an average of 20 days each year. Estimated catch, 200,000 lbs.

          - 1st business building built, downtown, west side of Main Street, between Madison-Jefferson.

1901 – The State Exchange Bank had its origin, August 1st, when S.C. Shilling purchased the Exchange Bank of Culver, one of 240 private banks in Indiana, From M.C.McCormick

         - 1st Farmers Institute held, Assembly Grounds

         - December 15-21, -12 to -21 below zero

         - 1st Rural Free Mail Delivery, Culver Post Office

1902 – CMA’s first Naval Summer School

         - RFD., Burr Oak Post Office starts.

1903 – Culver-Union Twp. Volunteer Fire Department organized January 24.

          - July 12, 5,000 excursionists visit Lake Maxinkuckee

          - J.H. Koontz, publisher, changes name of Culver City Herald to Citizen.

         - Improved gravel base road encircles Lake Maxinkuckee.

         - 6th annual Chautauqua Season attracts crowds, excursionists from Terre Haute, Crawfordsville, Franklin, Elwood, Logansport

1904 – May 26, Poor’s Tonsorial Parlor installs 2 incandescent lamps . . . July, Bands of horse thieves operating in area.

1905 – Because of accidents with advent of “gasbuggies” (1901-02) Town Trustees set speed limits, -- 8 mph, business district; 15, residential areas; 20 rural areas.

          - Hayes & Son, Livery, offers “buggies at your own price.”

          - A.B. Holt purchases Culver Citizen from J.H.Koontz.

          - Weather wise, ice left the lake, March 26.Earlier on February 20, it was reported that the 24-inch thick ice was best ever harvested.

          - Assembly Tabernacle destroyed in fire. With foreclosure on mortgage Assembly Grounds closes, December.

1906 – Outlet to Lake Maxinkuckee dammed to control lake level.

          - Dedicate new Culver Elementary School Building on School Street

          - Town Board decides against cisterns in favor of new central waterworks.

          - It takes 15 minutes to wind town clock which has a 1400-lb. weight lift without gears.

          - Icehouse near south town limits burns.

          - For more than 30 years the appeal of area lured many well known Hoosiers and, including those who became great in the 1910-1970 Era. Among them were George Ade, James Whitcomb Riley, General Lew Wallace, who it is said, wrote part of his famed “Ben Hur” on one of his many sojourns to Maxinkuckee’s Allegheny House; Meredith Nicholson, who wrote, at least in part, his best seller, “House of a Thousand Candles” while on vacation at the East Shore home of Preston Wolfe; and Cole Porter, composer, lyricist, who spent many summer days at the Shirks, Helms, Edwards, and Hendricks cottages. At Maxinkuckee, Cole Porter often played the piano on Captain Crook’s steamer, “The Peerless”.

          - December 24, Excellent skating on ice covered lake.

1907 – CMA establishes Culver Summer Calvary Camp

          - New Culver Hotel Built.

          - October 12, Lake nearly covered with ice

1909 – Ice Harvest began December 27th.

1910 – October 20, Central Union Telephone Company completes new trunk line cable to CMA and to Maxinkuckee Exchange. Phone company reports it serves 300 lines.

          - Petition town to install 3 downtown gasoline street lights.

          - Harry Saine using generator in his store is first in area to light home with electricity.

          - January 10, Medbourn Ice Storage filled to capacity with 500 rail car loads of ice.200 carloads already shipped to Logansport and Terre Haute.

          - May, Walter Vonnegut purchases 160-acre Marks Farm, East side. In cooperation with Purdue University, he announced plans to become an orchard grower.

          - CMA announces appointment of General L.R. Gignilliat as superintendent succeeding the late Col. A.F. Fleet.

1911 – Town to pave section of Main Street with Poster Brick, $4.60 per lineal ft.

          - April 17, CMA dedicates new Mess Hall.

          - After two years prohibition, Union Township goes “wet” with 25-vote majority.   

          - Town grants Harry Saine 50-year franchise for community electric lighting. County extends franchise to Saine for electricity to Lake cottages.

          - Water Company serves 137 outlets.

          - Culver population, 811

          - July 2nd temperature hits 107

          - Ralston Hotel destroyed by fire.

1912 – Culver Summer Woodcraft opens for first session with Dan Beard as director.

1913 – March 13, Rains came Good Friday started historic 1913 flood in which CMA joined in Logansport rescue efforts.

          - New North Bend Township, Starke County, High School opens

1914 – Culver plans new Main Street Business District

          - May 28, Report shows 37 street lights, residential area, 4, business district.

          - December 3, Announce plans for new Carnegie Public Library

1915 – Culver has 11/8 miles brick paved streets

          - Passenger train schedule shows 6 trains daily, 4 on Sunday with stops at Arlington, Culver Station, CMA, and Hibbard.

          - Citizens Military Training Camp at CMA

1916 – October 22, CMA Riding Hall with 66 horses destroyed in fire. Plans for new Riding Hall, 104 X 212 ft. building to house 136 mounts announced.

1917 – Exchange Bank of Culver, a private bank becomes State Exchange Bank under new State Charter. Winter of ’17-’18 brought heavy snows.

1919 – June 9, Work starts, new road extension from Bunker Hill ( Lake Shore Drive) 5,500-ft. to north of CMA stables.

          - W.Winslow, 1st local person to buy plane

          - Report shows 146 cottages on 196 Lake Lots

1920 – State Highway Commission announces plans for new East-West State Road #50 (State Road #10), Warsaw to Demotte.

         - New Burr Oak Cheese Factory

         - December 28, 14 below zero

         - New 3-story high school building dedicated.

         - 7 bandits stage hold-up-robbery, The State Exchange Bank, December 29. Robbery attracted nationwide attention. Apprehended, robbers defended by famed attorney, Clarence Darrow, Sentenced in 1921.

1921 – Wireless receiver set hears Pittsburgh KDKA Radio broadcasts.

1922 – Electric power, Leiters Ford

          - Newly graveled State Road opened from Culver to Bass Lake, May 24.

1923 – March 23, Behmer Road, Culver-Plymouth to be hard surfaced.

          - M.R. Robinson, F.C. Leitnaker purchase Culver Citizen from A.B. Holt.

          - Langford & Moreau design CMA Golf Course

1924 – Dr. Adolf Marcuse, German scientist, is urging search for energy substitutes, says there will be shortage within the century . . . Ice harvest begins, December 24

         - Dedicate new CMA Recreational Building, April 21

1925 – Motor powered school busses replacing horse drawn hacks.

         - October, Delong to have electric service.

1926 – Radio Station WCMA on Air, Discontinued in 1932.

1929 – Dedicate Community Building, Culver 39-Plymouth 28

1930 – State Exchange Bank opens Argos Bank Office.

1931 – CMA Bird Sanctuary project underway.

         - Culver High School basketball team ends season with 24-0 record. Defeated by South Bend Central, State Semi-Finals.

1932 – Culver family heirs transfers CMA assets to Culver Educational Foundation.

          - Maintenance of Vandalia Park is turned over to town by Railroad.

          - August, CMA host for 4th year USLTA National Boys & JRS. Tennis Tourney, 140 compete. Tourney held here 1928-42.

          - Regular 1st Class mail postage, 2 cents; Airmail, 5 cents. Union Township gave Hoover 150 vote majority.

          - January 12, Plymouth-Logansport Highway route through Culver becomes State Road 17.

1933 – May 29, Bandits stage holdup-robbery of State Exchange Bank. Robbers captured west of town.

         - Many banks closed by financial depression. Following national bank moratorium, State Exchange Bank was only Marshall County bank to reopen without restrictions, March, 1933.

         - In 18th amendment referendum Union Township gave “Drys” a 7-vote majority.

1935 – Town purchases Vandalia Park from Pennsylvania Railroad for $6,500.

1936 – March, Harsh winter causes 126 instances of frozen water lines.

         - Dedicate new Monterey School building.

1940 – State to incorporate 10-mile extension of Marshall-Fulton Line Road, U.S. 31 to State Road 17, into Highway system (State Road 110)

          - April 1, Ice breaks up on Lake.

1941 – Town seeks bids on new Beach Lodge.

          - State Board of Health approves plans for WPA town Sewage Disposal System. (NOTE: delayed, canceled because of WW II)

1942 – Wartime rationing begins February 20. Regulations cover cars, tires, gas, fuel, sugar, shoes, etc . . . Culver Civil Defense conducts Air Raid blackout drill, June 28.

1943 – Naval School Band conducts 1st annual Moonlight Serenade.

          - State Exchange Finance Company purchases Farmers State Bank, Lapaz.

          - 1st Annual Community United Fund Drive.

1945 – Aubbeenaubbee High School destroyed by fire

          - 1st Annual Lions Club Outboard Regatta

1947 – Inaugurate Ciler-Plymouth Bus Service.

          - November 27, Last passenger train trip through Culver.

1949 – June 10, 1st Annual Leiters Ford Strawberry Festival

          - July 11, new bridge, north of Burr Oak, opens.

          - Propose uniform refuse disposal system.

1950 – Propose local zoning ordinance.

          - June 7, Maxinkuckee Playhouse opens 1st season presenting “Blithe Spirit”

1951 – January 15, Culver High School Basketball squad wins 8th County Championship in 16-year span. Finalist in 11 of 16 years.

         - September 17, Bank directors name W.O. Osborn (cashier since 1907) president, succeeding late S.C. Shilling

         - October, dedicate CMA Memorial Chapel.

         - Dedicate Aubbeenaubbee School.

1952 – January, New Town Sewage Plant in operation

         - Chicago firm announces plans for Kings Lake development, March 25th. Report shows 21,500 cement blocks used to build 170 manholes, and  204 miles of tile used in construction of sewage system.

         - State takes title & control, 700-ft. West Shore public access to lake

1957 – CMA’s Gignilliat Quadrangle dedicated

1958 – Co-eds admitted to CMA admitted to CMA and in the 1960’s CEF initiate plans for establishment of Culver Academy for Girls.

1959 – State Assembly enacts School Reorganization law providing for consolidation

1962 – December, Culver Community School District formed. District included Culver, Union Township, Aubbeenaubbee Township, of Fulton County, and North Bend Township,of Starke County.

1966 – McGill Manufacturing company begins production of precision bearings in new Culver plant on State Road 17. Plant size doubled in 1973. Employed 300

         - State Exchange Bank opens newly chartered bank in Plymouth.

         - January-February, Extremely cold weather, heavy snows close roads.

1967 – Tippecanoe Township, of Pulaski County, annexed to Culver Community School Corporation.

1969 – April 27, Dedicated new 124,500-ft. high school.

1971 – Establish Culver Academy for Girls.

1973 – Severe shortage of gas and fuels.

          - Survey shows 1558 dwellings, Union Township, 812, Culver, 348, rural.

1979 – New Shirt Shed Manufacturing Plant begins operation.



Assorted Articles, 1930-1980

A random assortment of articles digitized for other purposes but included here for posterity... (Special thanks to Kelly Masson for making these articles available).

Feb. 19, 1930
Sufficient Lighting Installed to Give Fine Effects With Modern Stage Equipment.
   Workmen have been busy installing a complete set of stage scenery and equipment on the new community building stage that will make it the best in the country. For the first time a high school production will have sufficient room to properly stage a play. And of equal importance will be the stage setting.
   There will be lights and plenty of them. The foot lights will be solid with bulbs of various colors to give the desired effects, while from overhead two rows of lights will illuminate the stage and remove shadows. Then from the wings will be flood lights with an assortment of colors.
   The stage scenery offers an indoor and an outdoor setting, and these will be handled by modern equipment which will allow much faster changing of scenery as well as much more effective work. Then for sound purposes a special drapery surrounds the stage, insuring proper acoustics.
   The stage curtain is a beautiful maroon material that is fireproof, an important item for the safety of the public.
   All this has not and will not cost the taxpayers a cent as the expense is being borne by school organizations. The Parent-Teacher Association has agreed to aid, as have some of the classes and other intra-school groups. Play proceeds will be used for his fund, as will the revenue from other projects.

February 26, 1930

Location Opposite School Building Makes Effective Site For Memorial.
   The local post of the American Legion announces a plan to transform its lots opposite the school building, on the corner of Lake Shore Drive and School street, into a memorial plaza, It is the intention to landscape the plat and erect a suitable memorial to the local soldiers who gave their lives in the World War. The location is especially fitting as it is where the school children will pass by it every day and the landscaping will enhance the beauty of the school grounds as well.
   After many years of effort the William Alexander Fleet Post of the American Legion has secured full title to the two lots opposite the school buildings, procured and partially paid for about eight years ago, for the purpose of erecting thereon a community house.
   A full measure of thanks for this accomplishment is due the committee of citizens that controls the so-called Union Township Relief Fund, which is a surplus of the local Red Cross drive of war-time memory. It is out of this fund that the final payment for the lots was made.
   The history of the efforts of the American Legion to effect the completion of the original plan of building a Community House, it will be recalled, was one of discouragement. The opposition to it in certain quarters was such that it was recognized that the project could not be completed, and it has been obvious for some years that the original ambiatious plan would have to be abandoned due to lack of whole-hearted community support.
   Last year an attempt was make to dispose of the lots, which fortunately met with failure. They were shortly withdrawn from the market because it was recognized that they might be purchased for the utilization of some undesirable business project for the front yard of a school, such as a garage or a gas station. This location, being on the main outlet from Culver for State Road 10 and bounded by three streets, particularly favored such a utilization.


March 5, 1930
Russell Easterday Gets Contract to Build Modern Structure for Johnson.
   One of the old landmarks of the town disappeared last week when the Johnson Tire Shop building was demolished. This building once housed The Citizen, in fact, it was here that Culver¹s first newspaper, The Marmont Herald, made its initial bow.
   From that date until about 1915, Culver¹s newspaper was published in this building. Then it was moved into its present location and the building was used by several different firms, its last prestige being its housing of the local post of the American Legion and finally the location of Johnson¹s Tire Shop.
   The contract for the new building to be erected on this location has been awarded to Russell Easterday, who built the new community building recently. It is planned to have the building ready for use by May 1.
   The Solvol building on the rear of this lot was moved from its foundation bodily when the Cromley transfer company backed its large truck into the center of the structure, constructed braces and moved it out, taking the building as a unit to a new location.

April 16, 1930
Chamber of Commerce Urges Building of Pier
   The erection of a town pier at the foot of Washington street was endorsed by the Culver Chamber of Commerce at its weekly meeting Monday noon at the Culver hotel and a committee was appointed to present the matter to the town board. This would be the first step in the project to build a drive along the lake from Jefferson street.
   Reports were heard from committees on the erection of a sing along state road 10 and the building of the connecting link of hard surface road on the East Side.
   The application for membership of Slattery, Shilling and Collier was accepted.
   Those present at the meeting were C.L. Shively, George Fee, M.H. Ewald, M.R. Robinson, Dr. C.G. Mackey, W.O. Osborn, G.W. Hollenbeck, Ray Bell, C.W. Newman, Floyd M. Annis, Carl Adams, Howard Oberlin and Earl Foreman.
May 5, 1930
Helen Overmyer, Charles A. Stuprich, Opal Mikesell, Madison Scruggs Winners.
   At the high school commencement last Thursday night the American Legion school awards were announced and the medal, beautiful large bronze pieces with suitable inscriptions on both sides, were presented to Helen Overmyer and Charles T. Stuprich.
   On Monday the eighth grade awards were made to Opal Mikesell and Madison Scruggs.
   In both grades the selection was made by the class for a boy and a girl best fitting the Legion¹s classification of the points making good citizens. They are: honor, leadership, courage, scholarship, and honesty.
   The names of those winning the senior awards will also be engraved on a large plaque which hangs in the assembly room.
   At the commencement exercises the Class of 1928 award for best attitude was given to Harry J. Baker.
   On last Monday the Junior Class award for loyalty, achievement and scholarship was presented to Lester Cook.

Mad Dog Shot Last Friday; Others Bit
   A strange white and black spotted dog traveled through Culver last Friday, leaving excitement and possible danger in his wake. He bit several dogs and snapped at a few people, convincing witnesses that he was mad. Several hunting parties started after him and Rollin Hawk and Marshal Ed Cook found him in the country. He was killed making an attack on his hunters and the head was so demolished that it could not be sent in for examination.
   A 60 day quarantine on dogs has been placed by Marshal Cook and all dogs must be either muzzled or tied during that time. If found loose they will be shot on sight.
   Several boys, lovers of dogs, were busy Monday scouring the town for stray dogs, taking them into custody to avoid the quarantine edict.
July 2, 1930
Fire Company Called to Maxinkuckee This Morning
   The Culver Fire department was called to the Verle Rhoades property at Maxinkuckee at 2:00 a.m. Wednesday when a hen house and an adjacent building caught on fire. The cause was unknown and the structures were completely destroyed. However, the damage was believed to be small. The run was made in fourteen minutes after the call was received. The department centered its attention on saving other buildings. From the din raised by the siren on the truck the community for a five mile radius was able to follow the route fo the truck, though it is not believed probable that the traffic was so heavy to warrant the continual use of the strong siren.

Culver Summer School Enrollment About 900
   The Culver Summer School opened today with an enrollment of about 900. Exact figures will not be obtainable until the first day¹s activities are over. While the enrollment is below last year¹s banner session it is about that of 1928. The Woodcraft school is enjoying its new quarters and several other new features and improvements. A glider course is the center of interest for the Naval school.
Pennsylvania Railroad to Drop Two Trains a Day
   Train and mail service will be badly handicapped to and from Culver after Sunday when the Pennsylvania railroad will take off two of its trains. The 10:35 a.m. train south will be removed as will the 3:28 p.m. north.
   The change was brought on by the lack of patronage, as it is stated that many times there were not enough passengers to pay for the fuel. There will be one change in time. The train which now goes north at 11:37 a.m. will arrive here at 10:55 a.m.
   It is believed that a mail clerk will be put on the 8:50 p.m. train which will require a change in local post office hours, and will improve the mail service.
Aug. 13, 1930
Sheriff Stages Raid on Farm Near Burr Oak
   Acting upon complaint made by a Culver resident, Sheriff Sewell Falconbury of Plymouth and Deputies Vern Hazen of Bourbon and Ed Jones and Dick Lowden of Culver, staged a raid upon the farm home of Mrs. Bertha Florence, two miles north of Burr Oak, a little way off the Culver road Wednesday night. The officers found a quantity of home brew which was confiscated and Mrs. Florence of brought to Plymouth under charges of possession of liquor. She furnished bond and was released pending action upon the case in circuit court.

Van Vactor & Stockman Herd Is High In Culver Herd Improvement Ass¹n.
   The July report for the two dairy herd improvement associations in Marshall county indicates a decreased production of milk and butterfat amounting to about 10 per cent per cow as compared with the June reports. These reports include records of 795 cows in 51 herds. Only 5 herds in the two associations that produced 40 or more pounds of butterfat during the month, whereas in July this number was decreased to 126.
   VanVactor & Stockman own the high cow for the month, she being a grade Jersey, who produced 77.2 pounds butterfat. C. W. Newman & Sons¹ pure bred Holstein cow, Moonie, was the only other cow in the two associations to produce over 70 pounds butterfat during the month, her record being 75.2 pounds. Both of the above dairy firms are members of the Culver Association. J. R. Webster and George S. Staley are owners of the high and second high cows on the same basis in the North Marshall association, their cows producing respectively 63.7 and 63.6 pounds of butterfat.
   Foster Davenport of the North Marshall association is owner of the cow having the largest total production since December 1, 1929. The cow having this record is an 11 year old pure bred Holstein who has produced to date 15,995 pounds of milk and 522.1 pounds of butterfat. J.A. Newman & Sons, of the Culver association, have a pure bred Holstein cow who in the same length of time has produced 15,005 pounds of milk and 517.5 pounds of butterfat. These are the only two cows in the two associations whose butterfat production has passed the 500 pound mark. Thirteen cows in the two associations have passed the 400 pound mark in production of butterfat since last December 1.
   In the Culver association the ten cows last December 1 are owned as follows: J. A. Newman & Sons, 3; Kline & Shilling, 4; C. W. Newman & Sons, 2; and Quivey & Son, 1. In the North Marshall association the ten high cows are owned as follows: Foster Davenport, 2; George Davenport, 4; Shenefield & Son, 1; Deitrich & Thornton, 1; Guy Thayer, 1; and J. R. Webster, 1.
   In the North Marshall association Guy Thayer¹s 11 cow herd continues as high herd on the basis of butterfat production with a production of 39.4 pounds, while George S. Staley¹s herd is runner-up with an average butterfat production of 35.1 pounds. In the Culver association the two high herds of June changed places in July when VanVactor & Stockman¹s herd of 12 cows produced an average of 39.1 pounds of fat and A. K. Reichard & Son¹s herd produced 34.6 pounds.

Radio Station WCMA On Air Every Afternoon
   Radio Station WCMA, of Culver operated by the General Broadcasting Co., went on the air rather unexpectedly last Thursday afternoon. It was expected that it would take longer to make the preliminary preparations but when the staff found all in readiness they went on the air without any preliminary announcement. The station is now broadcasting every afternoon from 1:15 to 5:00 o¹clock.
   At present Carl B. Watson, manager of the station, is not making advance announcements of the programs, which are mainly musical until he can become acquainted with the talent in northern Indiana. The only features he has announced for this week are for Friday and Monday afternoons at 3:30 o¹clock. On Friday Mrs. Edna Robinson will address the radio listeners on ³Current Fashions.² Last Monday she spoke on ³Foods for Hot Weather.² On Friday the Society Editor will select items for the local page of The Citizen, around the lake and country correspondence and broadcast these.

275 Arrested by Game Wardens During July
   In the month of June the wardens and hatchery men made 275 arrests and procured 246 convictions. Thirty cases are pending and two defendants were acquitted. The fines and costs amounted to $5,582.60. Among the offenses were 106 for hunting, fishing or trapping without license, 69 for use or possession of spears, nets or traps, 21 for possession of undersize fish, and 8 for dynamiting fish.

Post Office Force Takes Pistol Target Practice
   The Culver post office force believes in peace, but it also likes the idea of being prepared, so the members have been holding session on the pistol range, practicing with .45 pistols so that if any bandits visit the office a warm reception will result.
September 17, 1930
Town Board Lets Technicality Eliminate Record Low Bid on Paving of Street.
   There must be some kind of a jinx hanging over the paving of College Avenue, for once more the project has been thrown off schedule. This time, just when it was thought that the sailing was clear, the entire lot of bids received last week has been rejected and new bids advertised.
   The whole issue appears rather confused, but it seems that the low bidder was given by a town official, a different form from the other contractors with the result that a minor item about some tile was omitted from the bid. This contractor had filed a bid of $1.91 per square, while the nearest figure was $2.20.
   The board had the choice of accepting this bid and paying the cost of the tile from the general fund, of securing waivers from the property owners concerned on this item, or of rejecting all bids. They chose the latter course. This means running the chances that another figure as low as $1.91 will be received and that the delay of three weeks or more will allow cold weather to interfere with the completion of the job. If the new bids are not low enough the only course open for the board will be to reject all the bids again, which will mean no paving during the winter and spring months for the marooned residents along College Avenue, a possibility they can¹t face with much comfort and pleasure.
   Teddy Weiger requested the board to extend Williams street through to College avenue and the trustees took the matter under advisement.
   Emil Stepman explained to the town dads that he had closed his recreation room and asked for a partial refund of his pool table tax, which was granted.
   The clerk was instructed to notify several property owners that their sidewalks needed repair and that this work must be done at once.

Brig. General L. R. Gignilliat to Be Host to Distinguished Visitors From 10 Nations.
   Notables of ten nations will be visitor here on September 23, the Federation Interalliee Des Anclens Combattant, known as Fidac, having included a visit to the Culver Military Academy on the program of their 11th annual convention, now in session.
   The delegates, some of whom will be accompanies by their wives and secretaries, numbering 123 persons, arrived in New York City Monday where each national delegation was entertained by committees of their fellow countrymen resident in New York. Following the meeting in New York they went to Washington, D. C., for their business session. The trip to Culver is included in the itinerary for a brief tour of the United States. The delegates will go on a special train furnished by the Pennsylvania railroad to the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Pittsburgh, the American Legion Home in Indianapolis, Culver Military Academy, the Ford Plant in Detroit, Niagara Falls and the U.S. Naval Academy. This is the second time Fidac has met in the United States.
   Fidac was organized in 1920, and held its first annual congress in Paris. During the annual congress held in New Orleans two years later, at which General Gignilliat was a delegate, he became greatly interested in the Fidac program for the promotion of international good will and understanding, and brought the entire group here for a visit at that time. It was on this occasion Fidac presented the school with the bronze tablet which hangs at the head of the stairway in the Culver Memorial Building. General Gignilliat is on the executive committee, and is chairman of the Fidac Jury of Award.
   The membership of Fidac represents the veterans of the following countries: Great Britain, Belgium, Portugal, Jugo-Slavia, Czecho-Slovakia, Roumania, Poland, Italy, France and the United States.
   The Fidac delegation will arrive at Culver on a special train at 7:30 in the morning. A program arranged for the entertainment of the visitors at the Academy includes a review of the Corps Cadets in honor of the president of Fidac and in honor of the vice-president of Fidac for Roumania. At 9:30 there will be an exhibition by the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery in Riding Hall and exhibitions in boxing, swimming and other sports in the Recreation Building and Swimming Pool. There will be an opportunity for delegates to get to trains or to rest, and at 12:30 there will be a parade of Allies Flags. Delegates will place wreaths in the Memorial Building in memory of the war dead of the various countries represented, and a brief ceremony will be held in the Culver Gold Star Room.
   General Gignilliat, superintendent of the Academy and Mrs. Gignilliat will be hosts to the delegation with a buffet luncheon at their home. Faculty members of the school will escort the guests to their homes in the afternoon for rest, or  to places where the delegates may participate in golf, tennis, swimming horseback riding, boating and other sports. Later in the afternoon there will be a tea, each nation¹s delegates being entertained in a different home. The American delegates will be distributed to the various homes. In the evening a formal dinner-dance will be given by the Officers Club of Culver Military Academy in the Academy gymnasium after a dinner at the lakeshore home of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Perry, of Indianapolis.
   The visitors will leave Culver after midnight via the New York Central lines for Detroit where, the following day they will go through the Ford plant.
   After a visit to Niagara Falls they will go to New York City and return to their various homelands from there.


September 24, 1930
Andrew Ritter and Frank Mann Instantly Killed in Crash Near Plymouth.
   Andrew Ritter, 72, father of Mrs. Frank Jones of Culver, and Frank Mann, also 72, were instantly killed Friday when the automobile in which they were driving was struck by the Broadway limited on the Pennsylvania railroad, 3 miles east of Plymouth. Ritter lived near Gilbert¹s Lake and the latter in Plymouth.
   The flyer struck the car squarely, hurling the occupants about 100 feet down the track, while the automobile was carried about a quarter of a mile before the engineer could stop the speeding train. It is believed that Ritter was looking at a barn across the tracks on which the two men were working and failed to observe the train. The bodies were mangled beyond recognition.
   Mann has no near relatives in this vicinity, the closest being a half brother, James Krider, of Whorton, Ohio.
   Ritter is survived by his wife and 10 children, Mrs. Marion Marah of Plymouth, Mrs. Pearl Alderfer of Mishawaka; Claude Ritter of South Bend, Mrs. C. H. Black of Franklin, Ill.; Charles Ritter, Danville, Ill.; Mrs. Bertha Weaver, Anderson, Ind.; Mrs. L. C. Rogers, Albany, N.Y.; Mrs. Sam Richter, Tacoma, Wash.; Mrs. Frank Jones, Culver; Mrs. Owen Devinney, Plymouth.
   Two sister, Mrs. Emma Camerer of Plymouth and Mrs. Elsie Snyder of Wichita, Kansas also survive.
   Mann¹s wife died a number of years ago. He had been living in a house which he built at the west edge of Plymouth, for a number of years. Previously he lived south of Plymouth near the Oak Dale school and near Twin Lake on the Behmer road. Mrs. Carey of South Bend and Mrs. Ray Myers of Plymouth are nieces.

Miss Savage, Former Culver Girl, Writes Two School Books
   Miss Ethel Savage, Elkhart teacher and former resident of near Culver, has had accepted for publication by the Harter Publishing Co. of Cleveland, Ohio, two work books for use in silent reading in the first gerade. The books, entitle ³Jack and Nell,² a beginners¹ work book, and ³Our Cousins,² a silent reading book for first grade second term, will be published in time for use by the next term of school.
   Miss Savage, who is the first grade teacher at Weston school, has been working on the books nearly a year, becoming interested in the subject while studying education at the Ypsilanti Normal college last summer. She makes her home at 220 West Jefferson street.
   Miss Savage was reared in Washington neighborhood, and it will be remembered that her father was Albert Savage.

Local Farmer Wins $3,500 In Mathematical Contest
   Charles H. Essig, who lives on a farm east of Culver, on the Fulton-Marshall county line, added $3,500 to his wealth in a short time during recent weeks it was learned Thursday when his name was announced as the winner of a puzzle contest conducted by a firm throughout Canada and the United States. The puzzle was a mathematical one requiring considerable calculating and study to arrive at the proper numbers. Essig was in the initial contest participated in by over 10,000 people in which some 25 persons tied. In the run-off he again won and received a check for $3,500.
September 24, 1930
Large Barn; Granary and Corn Crib Destroyed Before Help Arrives.
   Fire of undetermined origin destroyed a large bank barn, a granary and a corncrib which is used for a garage on the John Aley farm southeast of Poplar Grove Friday afternoon.    
   From the fact that the bank barn seemed to burst into a mass of flames throughout, almost simultaneously, it is thought that possibly spontaneous combustion was the cause. Not one had been near the barn for some time as John Aley and his wife had gone away. Aley¹s mother and nephew were at the place.
   A general alarm was sounded by the telephone operator when Mrs. Aley called. Mr. and Mrs. John Hacker arrived first and soon a large group of neighbors and some people from Argos and Culver were at the scene. However, the barn was a mass of flames and no efforts made could succeed in saving a horse and three calves that had been in the lower part of the barn.
   A large quantity of hay and straw in the barn also burned as did some farm implements.
   A granary nearby caught fire and soon a corncrib, also close to the barn, was afire, despite efforts of the men to save the other buildings. The grain in the granary was all lost. The intense heat sent up blazing embers and it required all the efforts of the neighbors to save the house and other buildings.
   Some insurance was carried on the barn, it was reported.
Gasoline Prices Take a Drop at Culver Stations
   The reduction in gasoline that has been spreading over the state has reached Culver, with the result that the price has dropped to 14.4 cents, plus tax. This good news resulted in automobile owners rushing to the stations to get their tanks filled before the price goes up again.
News, Local Items and Home Economics Broadcast Over WCMA
   Every Friday at 3:30 p.m., the Society Editor of The Culver Citizen broadcasts the society news, local items and items from the country correspondents over WCMA, Culver station operated by the General Broadcasting Company. Listen in and hear your name read. You can get the station at about 5 on the dial.
   Over every Monday at 3:30 p.m. the Society Editor gives a talk on fashions, home economics or household hints over the same station.
   ³The Newspaper of The Air² will be published over WCMA every Saturday afternoon at 2:00 o¹clock by the Editor of The Culver Citizen. Interesting bits of news from towns in Marshall, Fulton, Pulaski, Starke, St. Joseph, Cass and Kosciusko counties will be broadcast. Be sure to tune in each week and learn what is happening in your neighboring towns.
Oct. 1, 1930
William C. Vogt, Noted Nature Lover., Starts Work Under Sponsorship of E. R. Culver.
   William C. Vogt, the international angler and nature lover, is at the academy, engaged in constructing an extensive bird and small game sanctuary, under the sponsorship of Mr. E. R. Culver, one of the trustees of the school.
   This sanctuary will, when completed, occupy 200 acres of the present woods and fields, north of the Arenal road. It will extend northeast from the Arsenal a mile, varying in width from one eighth to one-fourth mile.
   By degrees during the next three years, Mr. Vogt and his assistants will change the present tangled condition of the site into a well-ordered system of fields, woods, streams, and swamps, each fitted for a particular branch of animal life, but preserving as much as possible the natural aspect of the wilderness, and eliminating man-made works.
   In a short time, Mr. Culver is going to import from the West, prairie dogs, rabbis, marmots, and beavers, and from the North porcupines, raccoons, woodchucks, snowshoe rabbits, black squirrels, and many other species of animals.
   During the short period that he has been here, Mr. Vogt has progressed rapidly ‹ already 500 bird houses are under construction; numerous brush and log piles have been built; and many birds, rabbits and chipmunks have been enticed to food at regular hours.
   Mr. Vogt states that of his many construction project in this line all over the country, this will undoubtedly be the finest and best equipped because of the admirable location and nature conditions. And to hear this from a man of Mr. Vogt¹s experience is indeed a tribute to Culver.
10,500 Blue Gills Added To Lake Maxinkuckee
   Fishermen will rejoice to learn that 21 cans of blue gills have been added to Lake Maxinkuckee, which should add to the zest of fishing next year. These fish came from the Bass Lake Hatchery and totaled 10,500. I G. Fisher was instrumental in securing them.
   Fishing has been unusually good on Lake Maxinkuckee this year, and local enthusiasts give most of the credit to the destroying of far, carp and other destructive fish last year by the State Department of Conservation. The wish has been expressed that the department renew this activity next year.

Oct. 8, 1930
1872 Edwin Raymond Culver 1930
   Edwin Raymond Culver was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, on January 25, 1872. He died on October 2, 1930.
   He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Alice Ward Culver, two sons, Edwin R. Jr., of St. Louis, and Gene G., of Philadelphia; three brothers, B. B. Culver of St. Louis, W. L. Culver of California, and K. K. Culver of Columbus, Ohio; and one sister, Mrs. Wintermute, of California.
   Mr. Culver moved to St. Louis as a child and lived there all his life, excepting the many weeks spent each year on Lake Maxinkuckee. He was associated in business with his brother, Bert.
   He was married to Miss Alice Ward in St. Louis in the year 1894. To this union two children were born.
   For many years Mr. Culver had been a thirty-second degree Mason. He was quietly concerned in a number of benefactions during his life.
   Interment was in the Bellefountaine cemetery in St. Louis.

Drnek profile
   Let us introduce you to Culver¹s newest business man, John F. Drnek, proprietor of Culver Cleaners, who handle laundry work, dry cleaning and pressing, and tailoring.
   Mr. Drnek was born in Chicago 40 years ago and eight years ago moved to North Judson. Then he spent one year in Knox and now has moved to Culver with his wife and family of one boy and three girls, all of whom are in school.
   You certainly can¹t doubt Mr. Drnek¹s knowledge of his business for he has been a tailor ever since he was 14 years of age. In making a suit, or altering clothes, he is perfectly at home and there just isn¹t anything he can¹t do with a piece of cloth, a needle and some thread. If you doubt this drop in and have him make you a suit of clothes, then notice the fine fit and workmanship.
   Eight years ago he added dry cleaning and pressing to his business and has given the same satisfaction as he does in his tailoring. Since coming to Culver he has made connections with the Hall and Harrington Laundry at Knox so that he can give better and faster laundry service to Culver. Long waits are now eliminated and you can get as good service as in the large city.
   Dr. Drnek has interesting hobbies. He is a hunting and fishing enthusiast, but at horseshoe pitching is where he shines. Nothing suits him better than a game of horseshoe pitching.
   It is a real benefit to Culver to have a man of the ability and experience of Mr. Drnek. Have the delivery truck call for your laundry work and dry cleaning and pressing. Then when every you need a suit of clothes have him do the work. He lives here in Culver, pays taxes, spends his money here and is one of your fellow citizens. So patronize him and keep Culver money in Culver instead of letting out of town firms get it. Give our newest business man your boost.

Oct. 15, 1930
Academy Football Team to Play in Chicago
   Soldier¹s Field Stadium at Chicago is to be the scene of the annual Culver-St. John¹s Military academies football game on Saturday afternoon of November 8, 1930. The Cook County council of the American Legion is sponsor for the contest. The entire corps of cadets from each school will be taken to Chicago by special trains.
   The proceeds of the gridiron game will go to the Veteran¹s Welfare Association, which is under the direction of the Cook County American Legion Organization. Edwin H. Felt is to be chairman of the athletic committee.
   Governor Leslie of Indiana will be invited to attend by Culver, Governor Kohler of Wisconsin will be invited by St. John¹s and Gover Emerson of Illinois will be invited by the Cook County American Legion. The United States Army Chief of staff, and the National Commander of the American Legion are also to be invited. Many other prominent men are expected to be there.
   The annual football clash between the rival institutions is not expected to furnish all the thrill of the afternoon for the thousands of spectators. When the two corps of two of the largest private military schools in the country ³strut their stuff² to the martial cadences of their respective bands, they may be expected to display a spirited brand of maneuvering and drilling.
Culver Boy Charged With Wife Desertion
   Virgil Burch of Culver has been arrested by Knox officers on the charge of wife desertion, it is stated.
   He was arrested in Culver last week.
22 Boy Scouts of Culver Attend State Gathering
   22 members of the Culver Boys Scout troop, Scoutmaster H. S. Rice and five local citizens attended the state meeting of the scouts at Bloomington last Friday and Saturday. They also witnessed the Indiana-Oklahoma Aggie football games as guests of I. U. The scouts left Culver Friday noon and returned late Saturday night. Louis Kepler, Homer Kemple, Dick Louden, John R. Folger and Clarence Calhoun took the scouts in their cars. A total of about 6,500 scouts were present.
Oct. 22, 1930
Committee to Officially Turn Over Boys Scout Cabin, Where Legion Will Meet.
   The William Alexander Fleet Post of the American Legion will have a busy time Tuesday evening, October 28, and will have the added pleasure of using the new Boy Scout cabin for the first time.
   At the last meeting of the post officers were nominated and the election will be held at the meeting Tuesday. The following have been nominated: post commander ‹ A. R. Simpson; adjutant ‹ Harper, Folger Thessin; 1st vice-commander ‹ Rice, Tallman, Thomet, Hiday; 2nd vice-commander ‹ Johnson; finance officer ‹ Alumbaugh; chaplain ‹ Henderson; sergeant-at-arms ‹ Walker, Anderson; historian ‹ Hiday, Obenauf; Americanization officer ‹ Dunbar; service officer ‹ M. R. Robinson, Mackey; athletic officer Thessin. This list is not necessarily complete as nominations are still open and will be accepted at the meeting prior to the election.
   Following the election of new officers will be installed immediately.
   The scout cabin committee announces that the new Boy Scout cabin is ready for use and will officially turn the building over at this meeting. The completion of the structure has been delayed much longer than was anticipated and the Scouts, Campfire Girls and Legionnaires will welcome the announcement that it is finally ready.
   WANTED: A champion corn husker for Marshall County.
   An opportunity will be offered Marshall county corn huskers to show their speed in a corn husking contest that will be held on the farm of Harvey Chenoweth, which is located four miles north of Bourbon. Entries for this corn contest must be in the hands of the county agent or the editor of the Bourbon-News-Mirror by Saturday, October 25th.
   The Bourbon Civics Club, Bourbon Township Farm Bureau and the county agent are co-operating in taking care of the arrangements for this contest.
   Suitable cash prizes are being offered.
   A field of good corn has been selected, and it is expected that the crowd that assembles to watch the huskers will exceed a thousand people.
November 5, 1930
Mrs. Thessin Takes Over Home Cafe Near Depot
   A business transaction was completed last week whereby Mrs. E. A. Thessin, for several years proprietor of the Coffee Shop, took over the management of the Home Restaurant from Mrs. Lura Baker. Mrs. Thessin has closed the Coffee Shop. As she has had wide experience in serving the public Mrs. Thessin expects to make the Home Restaurant one of the popular eating places in Culver.
Girls and Boys Teams to Make First Appearance of Season at Bourbon.
   That long anticipated day is at hand when the 1930-31 high school basketball season will be opened, for on Friday night the first boys team and the girls sextet will journey to Bourbon in the grand opener.
   While it will be the first game for Culver it will be Bourbon¹s second. This will give the neighboring town¹s quintet an advantage besides that of playing on their own floors. Coach Underwood will be starting the same forward wall that he had last year, but the defensive pair will be new. Balancing these items together it points to an interesting game for the first course on the baseball fan¹s menu.
   Not much is known of Bourbon except that they beat West High last Friday 22 to 9, and that a fan reports that they have a fighting aggregation. It is expected that from 140 to 240 Culver fans will accompany the Culver team to help start the season off with a victory.
   It is reported that the season ticket sale is much better this year than last and that reservations are being made at a lively rate. The tickets go on sale today and may be secured at the high school office. The fans have the best schedule in years offered them and a team with more than average prospects to go with it.


April 6, 1955
Culver Mourns Steffen N. Rector, 54, Popular Druggist and Civic Leader
Dies Saturday Morning After Long Hospitalization
   At the largely attended funeral services Monday afternoon at the Methodist Church for Steffen N. Rector, the Rev. Kendall E. Sands referred tot he late Culver druggist and civic leader as a man of unusually wide talents, possessed with an engaging personality and endowed with a tireless energy which reached into every phase of our community life.
   Mr. Rector died early Saturday morning at the Hines Veterans Hospital at Hines, Ill. of a brain abscess. He was 54 years of age. He became seriously ill last December 8 and was confined to the Memorial Hospital at South Bend until March 25 when he entered the hospital at Hines.,
   Steffen Nathan Rector was born at Ingalls, Ind. on Nov. 27, 1900. He came to Culver in 1908 when his father opened Rector¹s Pharmacy here.
   After he was graduated from Culver High School he attended Wabash College at Crawfordsville. During World War I he served in the U.S. Navy. In 1938 he assumed the sole proprietorship of the local drug store.
   Mr. Rector was a member of the  American Legion, the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the Culver Lions Club. He was well-known for his generous response to all requests from youth and adult groups for scores of civic and club projects through the years.
   The Culver-Union Township Chamber of Commerce cancelled its regular monthly meeting on Monday so that his associates in that organization could attend the last rites.
   Mrs. Joseph Furnas sang two appropriate hymns and Mrs. C. B. Lennen was the organist. The pallbearers were Donald hand, Frank Walaitis, Wilber Taylor, Cecil Smith, Fred Adams and Earl Dean Overmyer. Burial was at the Washington Cemetery east of Culver.
April 13, 1955
The Outdoorsman Ready For Its Grand Opening
   The big news in Culver this week is the grand opening of The Outdoorsman, the amazing new sports store at 634 Lake Shore Drive, owned and operated by Charles and Jane McCafferty.
   While the formal opening is a week-long event, starting this Saturday, April 16, and continuing through next Saturday, April 23, a number of special features have been scheduled for the dynamic kickoff this Saturday.
   All day Saturday Ken Jackson, the ace fly expert of the Beco Company, will be on hand to dish out ³confidential² advice on fishing as will a qualified representative from the South Bend Bait Company who will specialize on tips on flys, fly casting and spin casting. While waiting your turn to get the inside dope from the visiting experts the McCaffertys will be serving refreshments with their cordial compliments and good wishes.
April 20, 1955
New Theatre For The Maxinkuckee Playhouse
Sixth Season Of Outstanding Group Will Open June 21
   A handsome and modern new theatre building is being erected on the grounds of the Maxinkuckee Playhouse on East Shore Lane.
   Through the cooperation of several residents of the Lake area the new theatre is now under construction and will be ready for the opening of the Playhouse¹s sixth season on June 21.
   Several factors were instrumental in the decision to build. Primary was the need for adequate living quarters for the resident company which this year will number 18 and which will not tour to Lake Wawasee as in recent years.
   With the increased demands made by the constantly rising standards of the group, a larger stage area and a bigger seating capacity was needed. The present construction will solve these problems. The old theatre will be turned into into living quarters for the company. The new building will have a much larger stage area, adn there will be much more room between aisles and between seats.
   The idea was put inot opertion this past winter when Payl Butledge, director of the Playhouse, and David Hager of South Bend set out to draw designs and plans.
   The new building will seat 225 people. The floor fo the theatre will be on five levels with only htree rows of seats to each level. With staggered seats it will be impossible to have some in front of you.
   The stage will be 24 feet wide and 10 feet higher. There will be wing space on each side too, something that has been sorely needed in the past. A novel screen treatment along the side will afford almost perfect circulation. The four doors will offer easy exit at all times. A large concrete promenade will lead to the Green Room which will continue to be used as a box office and lounge. A new electrical line will be installed from along the highway and will afford plenty of power for excellent lighting in the parking lot.
   For six years The Playhouse has continued to grow. First the small 129-seat theater in 1950, then the 167-seat house through the building extension in 1952, and now the new cool ground level building of 225 seats in 1955.
   The people of Culver and the summer and year-round lake residents should be very proud. Such growth was made possible only through their help and cooperation. The Playhouse has only one aim and that is to continue to bring the best productions of the finest plays available.
May 4, 1955
Old Butterfingers Steve Allen Loses Culver TV Script!
Community Disappointed After Waiting Up To See Seniors In Gotham
Editor, CITIZEN:
   Since you gave the senior class of Culver High School so much fine publicity on their trip to Washington and New York City with a project New York appearance on the Steve Allen Show featured, I feel I should acquaint you and your many readers with just what happened.
   As you announced in The Citizen, previous arrangements had been made for one or more Culverites to be interviewed at the show last Friday night.
   In the afternoon I was instructed by the producer of ³Steve Allen Tonight² to hand in a sheet containing some requested information regarding the group. I turned this over to an usher who handed it directly to the producer previous to the show going on the air. I could see the producer at his desk on the stage list the item on Allen¹s timetable and place it in proper rotation in the pile of material for Allen¹s reference.
   While Allen was broadcasting he wanted some material and pawed through these papers to find it, and in the process knocked our data sheet to the floor and it coasted under the desk.
   Later both Allen and the producer hunted for it without success. Hence, no Culver appearance on the show.
   Judging from comments I have heard, more people lost sleep Friday night to see the Steven Allen Show than any time since the Mickle and Mack Restaurant burned down.
M.R. Robinson
Assistant Principal
July 6, 1955
Culver Becomes First-Class Post Office!
   Culver gave further evidence of its fine growth potential on July 1 when Postmaster Fletcher T. Strang made the long awaited announcement that the local post office had on that date become a first-class office.
   In a visit to The Citizen office Tuesday morning Postmaster Strang gave credit to three local institutions whose increased activities pushed up the annual total of postal receipts to the point of necessary to bring about this recognition and rating.
   Mr. Strang specifically mentioned The State Exchange Bank, the Culver Military Academy, and The Culver Press, Inc. printers and publishers, as largely responsible for this happy situation. He also mentioned as a factor the wide use of six-cent air mail stamps by individuals.
   The Culver post office has grown steadily since Mr. Strang was appointed postmaster in 1934. The receipts of $18,000 of that year now have grown to more than $41,000 yearly. The biggest mailing in local history was on Dec. 17, 1954 when 12,218 pieces of first class mail were posted. An average normal day is between 1,000 and 1,200 pieces.
   Postmaster Stang modestly refers to the success and growth of the Culver post office as the result of the spendid teamwork and cooperation among the 12 employees of the staff.
   Culver is the only other first-class post office in Marshall County aside from Plymouth. It serves more than 1,000 delivery patrons in addition to the several hundred cadets and faculty members at Culver Military Academy.
July 20, 1955
Over 4,000 See Outboard Racing Regatta Sunday
   The weatherman cooperated and the work of scores of Culver Lions Club members bore fruit last Sunday as outboard racing fans were served up a thrilling bill of fare at the 11th annual Maxinkuckee Outboard Regatta.
   It is believe that slightly in excess of 4,000 viewed the races from the Town Park. General Chairman Raymond J. ³Doc² Ives and other boat race officials felt that the crowd was not as large as for the past year and while figures were that available this morning it was believed that net receipts would be lower than those for the 1954 races. There will be a full report presented at the Lions Club meeting on July 27.
   Forty-one pilots representing top competitors in the nationa vied for coveted points in the Culver race and for nearly $1,000 in cash awards. W. L. Tenney of Dayton, Ohio, won the lion¹s share of honors and $115 in the 13 events of the 41 drivers who were entered 26 were money winners.
   President Dan Mikesell highly lauded the work of all members of the Lions Club and several ladies who contributed yeoman service in making it one of the best organized races in history. The Lions Club president also expressed appreciation for the many contributions and response of lakeshore residents and from the community of Culver.

Culver TV Sets Glued To Bible-Quoting Grandma
   Almost without exception Culver¹s scores of television sets were turned in a week ago Tuesday night to the Bible quiz program and everybody was rooting for the keen participant.
   Television¹s new quiz queen the next day banked $32,000 ‹ largest cash prize in radio-TV history because the Bible told her when to stop.
   ³Let your moderation be known to all men,² said Mrs. Catherine E. Kreitzer, quoting from fourth chapter of Phillipians, as she refused to shoot for the 64,000 jackpot.
   The 54-year-old Camp Hill, Pa. mother of six and grandmother of nine will net just about $20,000 for her ³moderation,² with the remaining $12,000 being rendered unto Uncle Sam in taxes.
   For a noisy moment, the Bible-quoting star of the CBS-TV show ³The $64,000 question² had an applauding studio audience and an estimated 35,000,000 viewers across the nation believing she would shoot the works.
   She told master of ceremonies Hal March she was ³confident² she could answer the 11th and final question in the Bible category which she had chosen three weeks ago.
   But when March had restored quiet, Mrs. Kreitzer announced she had decided to take the check for $32,000 which she had amassed earlier by answering correctly 10 questions on Biblical history.
   ³I am going to take the advice of the book of Ephesians fourth chapter, fifth verse,² she said. Then she quoted ³Let your moderation be known to all men.²
Aug. 17, 1955
Lake Association Elects Dr. Kraning President
Admiral Bays and Don G. Trone Continue In Office
   Dr. Kenneth K. Kraning is the new president of the Lake Maxinkuckee Association, Inc., the  permanent organizations of cottagers and year-round residents of the Lake Maxinkuckee area whose program is to promote safety on the Shore Roads and on the waters of the Lake, and to advance sanitation measures beneficial to all Lake properties.
   Adm. John W. Bays was re-elected vice president and Don G. Trone was chosen for a third consecutive term as secretary-treasurer. Mr. Trone was one of the founders of the organization in 1949 and served as its first president.
   The new board of directors, selected with care to give equal representation to all sides of the Lake, is composed of Allan P. Ramsay, president for the past two years, Dr. Milan D. Baker, Wilbur E. Ford, William R. Krafft, Donald B. Hand, Don G. Trone, Ben Oberlin, Walter J. Muehlhausen, Walker W. Winslow and James B. Allen.
   The selection of Dr. Kraning as 1955-56 president is a particularly happy one. He was graduated from Manchester College in 1929 and from the Indiana University Medical School in 1933. He entered and had residence in surgery at General Hospital in Indianapolis for the next two years and since 1935 has been practicing medicine in Kewanna. The Kraning Clinic at Kewanna is rated as one of the most modern and best equipped clinics in Indiana.

Culver Cafe Sold To Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Williams
   Culver¹s Main Street business district experienced still another significant change Monday when the ownership of The Culver Cafe changed from Mr. and Mrs. Leo Butler to Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Williams.
   The Butlers observed their 12th anniversary in that location on August 15.
   Catherine Williams will manage the restaurant and Mr. Williams will continue as a field representative for The State Exchange Bank.
   The restaurant business is a familiar one to Mrs. Williams since her father formerly ran an eating establishment in Royal Center.
   Mrs. and Mrs. Williams plan to do considerable redecorating and remodeling. They will feature good food at moderate prices. Their grand opening date will be announced in The Citizen.
September 21, 1955
Warner Williams Builds Powerful Telescope Here
Public Is Invited To Study Heavens Next Sunday Evening
   Warner Williams, artist in residence in Culver Military Academy, who has worked for 2 1/2 years on a permanently located telescope atop the Music and Arts Building on the Academy campus, has recently completed a light weight portable version of this powerful instrument.
   Although smaller in size than the original telescope, Mr. Williams states that the portable version of the telescope will reduce the actual distance of the 240,000 miles between and moon and earth to an apparent distance of 800 miles.
   Next Sunday, Sept. 25, the moon will be in its first quarter and will be the ideal time, weather permitting, to view the moon and other objects of interest.
   It has occurred to Mr. Williams that Culver area residents will be interested in observing some of the more spectacular celestial phenomena and as a result will have the telescope in the Culver-Union Township school yard. It will be located just north of the school building.
   Unfortunately there will be no planets in the sky at that time but some of the familiar objects that can be seen will be: Globular Cluster in Hercules, the Andromeda Nebula, the Ring Nebula in Lyra and Dumbbell Nebula in Cygnus, and a number of double stars.
   Mr. Williams extends a cordial invitation to both young and old to come to the school grounds between dusk and 11 p.m. next Sunday for an extraordinary treat. If the weather is bad a later date will be announced in The Citizen.

Lake Bruce Man And Wife Are ³Gang² Victims
   Metropolitan newspapers carried stories last week telling of an extortion attempt which came to light after the former operator of a resort at Lake Bruce, Ind., near Culver, was found dead in his car at an amusement park near Steator, Ill.
   Mrs. Ruth Craine, 49 years old, said blackmailers¹ demands had led her and her husband, Leon Craine, 52, to attempt suicide by piping exhaust fumes into their car. An autopsy showed Craine was not aspyxiated but had died of a heart attack. Mrs. Craine survived because the motor stopped running after she had lost consciousness.
   Mrs. Craine told State Attorney Harlan Warren of LaSalle County, Ill., that she and her husband were charged with arson after their resort at Lake Bruce burned last July 26.
   After the fire, she said, person she did not know threatened her and her husband. Three men got in touch with them in Springfield, Ill., on Sept. 4, and ordered them to $15,000 or die, she said. The extortioners said the arson case ³would be fixed² if the $15,000 was paid, Mrs. Craine related.
   Several slot machines, operated on a percentage basis, were destroyed in the fire, the woman said. She attributed the blackmail demands to ³the syndicate¹s attempt to recover the cost of the machines. A coroner¹s jury ruled Craine died of natural causes.
September 21, 1955
      Last Thursday, Mrs. Lillie Buswell of Culver celebrated her 30th anniversary in telephone work.
   A native of Donaldson, Ind., Mrs. Buswell first worked as a student operator for the Central Union Telephone Company, predecessor of Indiana Bell. She is now an operator in the traffic department.
   Mrs. buswell is a member of the Telephone Pioneers of America, an organization of telephone men and women who have been in telephone work at least 21 years. She lives at 209 N. Main.
September 28, 1955
      Through the combined farsighted efforts of Dr. E. D. Powers and Dr. F. A. Ikirt a handsome and splendidly equipped new osteopathic medical center is being erected as the southeast corner of Cass and Ohio Streets, just a block south of the school building.
   Dr. Powers and Dr. Ikirt have appropriately named their new professional quarters The Culver Clinic.
   The beautiful Indiana limestone structure, which will be a distinct credit to the community, will be completed during the month of November. The building will contain 14 large rooms and several smaller rooms for the diagnostic and treatment facilities. All modern diagnostic services will be available, including X-ray and fluoroscope, electrocardiogram, basal metabolism, and a complete blood chemistry laboratory.
Time Situation Mighty Confused In Indiana
Citizen Recommends Return to Slow Time Until Spring
   Indiana¹s confused clockwork became even more entangled at 2 a.m. last Sunday morning as various sections of the state did or didn¹t go back on ³slow² time for the fall.
   Indianapolis set the pace for some quarters with its decision to remain on daylight time all year for the first time since World War II days.
   Despite isolated nonconformists such as South Bend and small towns in its area, most of the state¹s northeast quarter followed the Indianapolis pattern.
   In northwestern Indiana, most towns looked to Chicago for guidance and voted to return to Central Standard Time late in October.
   Most southwestern parts of the state joined the few north central areas in the switch back to slow time on Sunday.
   Most cities and towns in the Central Indiana area remained ³fast-timers² with Indianapolis, at least for the time being. Most of the northeast portion of Indiana was on year-round fast time last year and voted to follow the same pattern again.
What Will Culver Do?
   It occurs to The Culver Citizen that our community, businesswise, has much more in common with Chicago and South Bend than it has with Indianapolis and Fort Wayne. Accordingly, The Citizen hopes that the Town Board will vote to return to Central Standard Time for the five winter months and then get back on Eastern Standard Time with the appearance of the first robin in the spring.
Oct. 5, 1955
Polio Strikes Seven Children In Francis Ruschau Family
   All seven children of the Francis Ruschau family, of near Monterey, have been confined to the Northern Indiana Children¹s Hospital in South Bend with polio, according to Dr. Frank Ikirt, Culver, the family¹s physician.
   The first of the children, 10-year-old Margaret, was afflicted Thursday, Raymond, 18, and Dorothy, 8, became ill Friday and the others, Madeline, 17, Marcella, 14, Paul, 12, and Pauline, 6 came down with the illness Saturday.
   Dr. Ikirt said that it is not know at this time if any of the cases are of the paralytic type of polio.
   All possible precautions are being taken in Monterey to prevent the spread of polio, Dr. Ikirt said. The state is furnishing Salk vaccine and gamma globulin sots for all the children in the Monterey school with the full co-operation of the Pulaski County health officer. The school may be closed temporarily, an official said.
   The Monterey Lions Club is collecting money to aid the Ruschau family. Contributions can be sent to the Monterey Lions Club, Monterey, Ind.

   Pvt. Charles C. Kline, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence C. Kline of Route I is ready to make his qualifying jump with the famed 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He wears his main parachute on his back, his reserve parachute and combat pack, and his individual weapon in a canvas container. The jump is his fifth from a C-119 aircraft, marking the end of five weeks of intensive physical and technical training.
   Pvt. Kline is a squad leader in A Company, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, a until of the famed 82nd, Airborne Division, ³America¹s Guard of Honor.²
Oct. 12, 1955
Dial Phone Service for Culver in 1956
   Indiana Bell Manager R. E. Million last night disclosed details of a major telephone service improvement and expansion program which if approved would bring dial telephone service to Culver in 1956.
   He said the project, which would cost Indiana Bell about a quarter-million dollars, also would make Culver one of the first exchanges in the state to have direct distance dialing, which is in operation now in only a few cities across the nation but is destined to become nationwide.
   ³Under that program, telephone users here would be able to dial many of their long distance calls in the same manner as dialing local ones,² Mr. Million explained.
   Pointing to the continuing social and commercial development in the Culver exchange area, the manager said that the service improvement and expansion program would involved a slight increase in cost for the exchange.
   He said a petition will be filed soon asking the Public Service Commission for authority to establish appropriate rates commensurate with the increased growth in the exchange area.
   ³Rates now being charged here apply for exchanges having up to 1,250 telephones,² Mr. Million explained. ³All of us are aware of the growth here and the increased usage and importance of the telephone in the last few years. Before the dial system is ready for operation the number of telephones here will put the exchange in the next rate bracket.²
October 19, 1955
Dr. Hardigg Sexton Accepts Appointment To California Church.
   Dr. Hardigg Sexton, chaplain at Culver Military Academy for the past 15 years, has accepted an appointment as minister in the Point Loma Community Church (Presbyterian), San Diego, Calif., it was announced this week. Dr. Sexton, who will terminate his work here on Nov. 16, will be succeeded by Rev. Charles E. Allen, Louisville, Ky.
   Reverend Allen, a graduate of the Presbyterian Theological Seminary of Louisville, will arrive here to begin his new duties on Nov. 1. Mrs. Allen will join him at Culver on Dec. 1.
   Dr. Sexton joined the Culver staff in June, 1940. A member of Phi Beta Kappa, he holds degrees from Miami University, Princeton Theological Seminary, and Princeton University. He studied at the University of Edinburgh while on a sabbatical leave in Scotland during the past year. Before coming to Culver he was minister of the Westwood First Presbyterian Church of Cincinnati.
   A veteran of the first world war, he has been active in community and regional affairs in the Culver area. He has appeared as speaker before civic and religious groups; has served as an officer of the Marshall County Infantile Paralysis Chapter, the Red Cross, and other civic groups.
   Dr. and Mrs. Sexton¹s tow sons, William and Peter, are graduates of the Academy. Bill Sexton is a member of the staff of the United Press in London, England and Pete is located in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Sam Berg, Lions District Governor, Speaks At Culver
Local Lions Entertain Ladies Next Wednesday
   The regular meeting of the Culver Lions Club was held last Wednesday, Oct. 12, in the Lions Den. Among the honored guests was Lion Sam Berg, District Governor of Lions, who gave short talk.
   President Don Mikesell announced that the Oct. 26 meeting would be Ladies¹ Night, and the program will be in charge of Tail Twisters Verl McFeely, John Lucas, and Pete Onesti. All Lions members are invited to bring their wives to what promises to be an enjoyable and entertaining meeting.
   Entertainment for the Oct. 12 meeting was in charge of Lion Don Trone, who secured an enlightening film on civic defense.

This week it is a pleasure to introduce one of the younger business men of Culver, Harold L. Baker, who is 25 years of age. He is manager of the Clover Leaf Dairy, of which Mr. and Mrs. Henry Zechiel are partners with him.
   While Mr. Baker is fairly new to the dairy business the Clover Leaf Dairy is an established business. It was started eight years ago and proved an instant success with the Zechiel¹s policy of giving Culver clean Pasteurized Milk, Cream and Butter, with real service.
   Mr. Baker was born in Auburn, Ind., but has lived in Culver for 12 years and attended Culver High school. He married a girl from a neighboring town in Leiters Ford. She was Grace Fernbaugh before Mr. Baker changed her name. He has been with the Clover Leaf Dairy since April and during that time has made a host of friends and customers by his quiet, genial and sincere personality. His main hobby is basketball, of which he is an ardent fan.
   At the Clover Leaf Dairy you will find the latest in equipment, one of the outstanding being the Fridgedaire Cooling system, which you will not find in very many plants for that system represents an added expense which they could do without if they were not interested in giving you the very best in dairy products. That is just one way in which they watch their customers¹ interests, for they take utmost care in keeping everything sanitary and pure.
   Mr. Zechiel says that when he cannot give people good pure wholesome products he is not going to continue in business, for he has a reputation here that he wants to maintain. He was born and raised in Culver, and is now an elder in the Reformed church. For 20 years he was superintendent of the Sunday school and has been a teacher of various classes since he was 18 years old. He served four years on the school board. He is married and has two boys. Willard R. is general manager for Etna Life Insurance Co., in Northern Indiana and Ohio and is a graduate of Purdue University. Ernest R., the other son, is teaching music at Case Music School, Philadelphia. He is a graduate of Oberlin College.
   Think of what a guarantee to a business man of this type is! Mr. and Mrs. Zechiel and Harold Baker invite you to inspect their place at any time and they want you to give them a trial at your dairy business. You will be delighted with the quality and you will enjoy dealing with people such as the Zechiels and Mr. Baker are. Phone 89 and place your order.


Oct. 26, 1955
CHS Basketball Varsity Named
   Coach Ralph Pedersen and Assistant Coach Jim Cox have just released the 1955-56 basketball roster for both the varsity and reserve teams of Culver High School.
   Named for the varsity include: seniors, Larry Berger, Robert Curtis, Larry Dowd, David McCarthy, Bill Washburn, and Lloyd Williams; juniors, Warren Curtis, Gary Duff, David Middleton, and Carl Wagoner; and freshmen, Alvin Triplett.
   The reserve team includes juniors, Mike Bennett, Dan Savage and Jay Snyder; sophomores, Buddy Barnette, Jim Downs, David Hall, and Ed Rosebaum; and freshmen, Mike Fitterling, Dan Little, Bob McCoige, Norman Thomas, and Larry Zechiel.
   Don Muehlhausen, Max Gibbons, and Richard Large are the student managers.
   The Culver squads will first meet LaPaz on Nov. 4 at Plymouth, Walkerton on Nov. 11 there, and the first home game on Nov. 18 with Akron.

CMA Homecoming Attracts 132 Visiting Alumni
   Homecoming activities at the Academy last weekend attracted 132 visiting alumni from wide areas of the nation. Together with visiting patrons and guests the crowd for the football game on Saturday afternoon was one of the largest during the current season.
   Coach Russ Oliver¹s maroon and white eleven came through in grand style for cadets of other years when they scored in the second and third quarters to defeat St. John¹s 47-6. One of the big features of the afternoon came between halves when 33 varsity lettermen of the 1917-31 era participated in a special tribute to former Culver coach Bob Peck.
   Presentation of a citation to Peck awarded to Culver recently at the University of Pittsburgh and to be hung in Culver¹s Hall of Fame, was presented by Col. W. E. Gregory and Charles Brassert of Pittsburgh, Penna., president of The Culver Legion, alumni association of the Academy, to Coach Russ Oliver, 1931 gridiron champion and Dick Chancellor of Midland, Texas, 1955 team captain. Among the Peck-coached players presented were Adm. John W. Bays of the Class of Œ23; Don Hand, Class of Œ27; and Russell Oliver, Class of Œ31.
   H. B. Rutherford of Newman, Ill., a 1906 Culver graduate represented the earliest class at the homecoming. Lyle D. Watkins of the Class of 1907 of Petersburg, Ill., was back for a visit. In all, 46 classes were represented with the Class of 1923 grads having seven members present.
November 2, 1955
Prize Winners At Halloween Party
   Last Saturday night the Lions Club and the Fire Department sponsored their annual Halloween party for the children of the community.
   Due to inclement weather the masked youngsters assembled at the High School and the parade took place in the Community Building led by the Culver Junior Band, under the direction of Philip Shields.
   First prize winners for the best costumes were Mrs. Pete Onesti, Suzie Gardner, Rosemarie Triplet, Shari Croy and Janice Neidlinger, Joan Amond, Carol Jean Lucas, Ronnie Zink, Wayne Neidlinger and David Cottrell.
   Second place prize winners were Tom Walker, Cathy McFarland, Thad Overmyer, Chucky Shaffer, Carl Allen Strang, Scott Tibbetts, Glenna Tibbetts, Ada Beck, Joanna Hughes, Charlene Lucas, Suzanne Overmyer, Brenda McAllister, Jim Rich, Nancy Rich, Jackie Deparo, John Milner, Penny Downs, Carolee Easterday, Laurie Bleck, Cathy Easterday, Janet Easterday, Tony Mattox, Linda Stevens, Bruce and Brenda Lindvall, Anna, Henry and Senore Chapman, Brian Piersol, and Paula Haines.
   Earl Dean Overmyer, dean chairman, was assisted by Jim Rich, Norman Kelly, and Dave Burns, in planning for the annual event.

Children Mourn The Passing of ³Old Nellie²
   Children of the community are grief stricken at the death last week of ³Old Nellie², Shetland pony belonging to Rochelle and Bonnie Good, daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Elgie Good.
   ³Old Nellie², said by her owners to be ore than 40 years old, had given pleasure to many children. Her gentleness made her a suitable pet for the little girls and boys who so much enjoyed riding her and she will be greatly missed by all of them.



April 3, 1980
Huge Crowd At Shirt Shed Grand Opening
   Culver - About 1,000 people attended the Grand Opening of the Shirt Shed here on March 25. Lines began to form at 6 p.m. to view the interior of the 35,000 square foot plant and enjoy punch and cake.
   The Shirt Shed, Inc., has been in operation since last December and now employs 130, the majority women from the Culver area. It¹s located on Mill Street near Highway 17.
   On hand for the opening were Shirt Shed¹s President Jim Moore and Executive Vice President, Bill Henselv from Wabash, Manager of the Culver plant, Steven Corcoran, along with Moore and Hensley greeted the many visitors and conducted guided tours. Using a heat process, sayings and pictures are applied to T-shirts as well as other items.
   Corcoran said, ³I¹m really pleased with the great enthusiasm the community has shown.² Moore stated that he was happy with the progress the plant has made in such a short period of time.
Honor Society Chooses Kelly Middleton
   Culver - Kelly Middleton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Middleton, Culver, has been selected for membership in the Purdue University chapter of Phi Kappa Phi, a national Honor Society.
   Undergraduate students who have reached the final period of their junior year must be in the upper 5 percent scholastically to be eligible.
   Kelly will complete her third year in the School of Health Sciences this spring. She has been accepted to the Indiana University School of Dentistry, beginning in August. Kelly is a 1977 graduate of Culver Community High School.

May 1, 1980
Lake Maxinkuckee Stocked With Walleyes
   Culver - The State Department of Natural Resources Division of Fish and Wildlife brought 5.7 million fry Walleyes to Lake Maxinkuckee on Tuesday, April 22. Bob Robertson, district fish biologist for the Bass Lake State Fish Hatchery, stated that the walleyes that were stocked are only three days old and many will be eaten by predators. ³If only one present survive the stocking is considered successful,² Robertson said.
   The fish will grow to approximately 10 inches the first year, 13 the second and about 15 inches the third year. There is no size limit on Walleyes.
   Mike Rowe, Robertson¹s assistant and Steve Huffaker, supervisor of the hatchery in Martinsville look part in the stocking program.
   The state plans to stock walleyes here again in 1982, 84 and 86.
Awards Given At Culver Lions Banquet
   Culver - The Culver Lions Club held their Annual Student Achievement Awards Banquet on Wednesday evening, April 23. Honored as outstanding student were Kelly Lawson, social studies award; Christine Bailey, French and mathematics awards; Jackie McCoige, art award; Deanna Nix, choir award; Laura Keyser, home economics award; Lenore Hinsey, dramatic award; Susan Linhart, band, science and Spanish awards; Holly Bowman, English award; and Gale Craft, business award.
   Culver - Student honored as class presidents at the Lions Club Annual Achievement Awards for CCHS students are Kelly Lawson, senior class present and Marshall County D.A.R. Good Citizen awards; Karen Breyfogle, Future Homemakers of America president; Katie White, Future Educators in Action president; Christine Bailey, French Club president; John McFarlane, Thespian Society president; Randy James, Letterman¹s Club president; Lenore Hinsey, Art Club president; Kevin Wagner, Science Club president; Susan Linhart, National Honor Society president; and Mike Reinholt, Future Farmers of America president.

July 3, 1980
      Culver - The CCHS Alumn Assoc. announced that more than three hundred were in attendance at the annual dinner-dance held at the Holiday Inn Restaurant in Plymouth last Saturday evening.
   The Horseshoe Award went to the class of 1955 for having the highest percentage of their class in attendance.
   Those traveling the farthest to attend were Mark Radovich, class of Œ55; Carol Kline, class of Œ57 and Sandra Ceese, class of Œ56. They all came from California. Thirty nine classes were represented from 34 cities in Indiana and 14 states were represented.

Highest Temperature Since 1911
   Last Saturday¹s temperature of 100 in Culver was the highest in Culver since July 5, 1911, when the same number of degrees was recorded. The day before that, the Fourth, the thermometer registered a degree of heat that had not been reached in many years ‹ in this oclality ‹ 104. In a record kept of Culver¹s weather for twenty-three years there are only five days on which the thermometer reached 100 or over: July 12, 1908, 102; June 30, 1910, 102; July 1, 1910, 101; July 4, 1911, 104; July 5, 1911, 100.

Aug. 14, 1980

Cavs Open Football Season At Jamboree
   Culver - The Culver Community Cavalier Football team will get their 1980 football season underway this Saturday, Aug. 16, at the Rochester Jamboree being held at Barnhart Field. Other teams participating will include Rochester, Tippecanoe Valley and Caston.
   The first quarter will see Culver¹s offense start against the Rochester defense. Since there is no kick-off in the Jamboree, Culver will take the ball on their own 30 yard line for a one quarter skirmish.
   Tippecanoe Valley¹s offense will go up against the Cavalier defense.
   Rochester¹s offense will start the fourth quarter against Tippecanoe Valley.
   There will be five minutes between each quarter, and no halftime. Each player will be introduced by name and number at the beginning of the first and second quarters.
   Action will get underway at 7:30 p.m. Admission will be $2 at the gate, with no ticket sales in advance.

MDA Telethon Will Have Culver Number
   Culver - Our Telethon is a love-in, Jerry Lewis told viewers halfway through the 1979 show, noting that on Labor Day millions of Americans traditionally unite in a common, humanitarian cause.
   Thousands of letters addressed to Jerry Lewis, Mda National Chairman reflect the continued and uniquely personal impact of the Labor Day Telethon. The many thousands of children who have grown up with the Telethon seem to have learned from it a lesson of concern for the less fortunate.
   One seven year old recently wrote Jerry: ³I have watched you ever since I was a little girl ... you¹vre nicer than Santa and the Easter Bunny because they give kids toys, candy and clothes, but you give kids so much more -- a dream, hope, and so much, Love.²
   Be a part of that love-volunteers are still needed! Call Cindy Patterson at 842-3722 or Connie VanHorn at 842-2038.

Controversy At Davis Street
By Jean Williams
   Culver - Heated debate has been smoldering for weeks between summer residents near the lake end of Davis Street and the West Shore Property Owners, a matter which may now be settled in the court room.
   Here with their families for the summer, residents on the south side can¹t understand why swimming at Davis Street is denied whey they and their forebears have always used this access.
   But the West Shore Property Owners have negotiated to purchase the railroad land running along the west shore, including the Davis Street end.
   Appeals at Town Board meetings have put Town Officials in the very middle of the dispute since their jurisdiction includes all of Davis Street to its dedicated end, but not across the railroad strip into the lake.
   It has been the West Shore Property Owners¹ original intention to deed the Davis Street strip to the town. Last fall they began plans with the former Town Board to do this providing there was agreement about two stipulations: namely, that no pier would be permitted at the access, and that the access would be available for use only by local citizens.
   The Town Board felt that the latter restriction would be impossible to enforce but agreed to accept the access at such time as a final offer was made. However, since it will take two years before details of their title are complete, the West Shore Property Owners decided to withdraw their offer to the town until a later date, but still agreed to permit local people to swim at the Davis Street access until a definite decision was finalized.
   The West Shore Property owners had many concerns about Davis Street. How would it be maintained? Would it be under police protection? Would there be a lifeguard? What about toilets? How to keep the access from being used for boat launching while permitting citizens to swim? How restrict undesirables?
   Town Officials had some questions also. How to meet the demands of the West Shore Property Owners on a budget already strained by commitments to the Park. Of particular concern and responsibility is continuous access to the lake for fire protection.
   The summer residents and several of those who live in Culver the year around feel that they should be able to continue the convenience and enjoyment of the Davis Street access as always, where together, a pier had for years been put out and where families had assumed their own liabilities. They feel that they shouldn¹t have to drive to the Town Park for swimming when they have already driving from their winter homes to enjoy the proximity of the late to their summer residence.
   Stories are confused about what has been happening at Davis Street this summer. The heat was one when local people were ordered off the Davis Street access, and when local people insisted upon putting out a pier at the site.
   At the last Town Board meeting, Town Trustees were asked why they felt they had an interest in Washington Street but not in the Davis Street access. The answer is evident. Without the offer of an easement into the park at Washington Street, the entire town would be cut off from that entrance to the park. Without it, how would emergency vehicles get it? The Washington Street easement ordinance is now under consideration as proposed by John Deery, owner of that access.
   Town Officials proposed recently, that the West Shore Property Owners offer to sell or dedicate the Davis Street access to the public, but negotiation has not been possible during the fracas.
   If the suit is filed, as threatened, it will be up to the court to decide whether the ³people² can exercise their traditional right to lake access, or whether the West Shore Property Owners can make their own decision about the future of Davis Street.


September 11, 1980
Culver News Agency Changes Ownership
   Culver - Mr. and Mrs. William Taber, owners of the News Agency in Culver for 23 1/2 years have sold the store to Mr. and Mrs. Don (Jewel) Golden from Tippecanoe. Prior to opening the News Agency, Taber was a meat cutter across the street from Walter Magee (recently Quality Market) for 10 1/2 years.
   The Goldens have two girls, Shelly 15, and Marla 11 who will attend CCHS and a daughter Melody, 19 and son, John age 18. Don and Jewel plan to remodel the News Agency.
   They¹ll still keep the magazines, newspapers, etc., but will open an ice cream parlor and coffee shop in the rear. We wish them good luck and a very successful venture and welcome them to Culver.
William Taber is shown handing the key to the News Agency to Jewel Golden. Bill ran the store along with his wife for 23 1/2 years. The Goldens are from Tippecanoe and plan to do some remodeling at their new business.

Anniversary Celebration At Culver Wesley Church
   Culver - The congregation of Wesley United Methodist Church in Culver will celebrate the 25th anniversary of their ³new² church building on School Street this Sunday, September 14th. Special guests for the day will be Rev. and Mrs. Kendall Sands, now retired and living in Cicero, Indiana. Rev. Sands, who was pastor of the congregation in 1955 when the new building opened, will preach at the 10:40 a.m. worship service. Rev. and Mrs. Sands will then be guests of honor at the all church picnic to be held on the church lawn.
   Prior to 1955 the congregation, then called Culver Methodist Church, had its building on the corner of Main Street and Washington just north of the Culver Public Library. The old parsonage was on the corner where Chuck¹s Standard Service Station now stands. That property served the congregation from 1898 until 1955. After the present church was opened and the new parsonage was built, the old church and parsonage buildings were removed and the land was sold.
   During the past for years Wesley United Methodist Church has been working to repair, improve and redecorate both the present buildings. At the church a new heating plant was installed, ceilings were lowered and insulated, halls and stairs were carpeted, storm windows were added, and the building was completely painted inside and out.
   The parsonage has been re-carpeted, and the kitchen and main bathrooms has been rebuilt. Currently the house is being re-roofed and painted, and the furnace is being converted to natural gas from oil.
   The church picnic this Sunday noon will feature a carry in lunch on the lawn, with home-made ice-cream to follow. Organized games for all age groups will follow the meal.

September 18, 1980
Sean Hershberger Named Merit Semifinalist
   Culver - National Merit Scholarship Corporation of Evanston, Illinois, today is releasing the names of 15,000 Semifinalists in the compeition for Merit Scholrships to be offered in 1981. The Semifinalists named in every state represent the top half of one percent of the state¹s high school senior class. Culver Community High School Senior, Sean Hershberger has been named as oneof the semifinalists. He is the son of Mr. and Ms. Philip Hersherger of Leiters Ford.
   Over one million students enrolled in about 18,000 secondary schools nationwide entered the 1981 Merit Program by taking the PSAT-NMSQT in 1979, when most participants were juniors. The Semifinalists announced today represent the highest score in each state. In addition to being honored publicly, Semifinalists are identified to colleges and universities in the hope of increasing their educational opportunities.
   Over 90 percent of these Semifinalists are expected to advance to Finalist standing by meeting further requirements -- which include being fully endorsed and recommended for scholarships by their secondary school principals, submitting records that confirm high academic standing and substantiating their high qualifying test scores with equivalent scores on another examination. The highly able group of 14,000 finalists will be notified next February that they are competing for about 4,500 Merit Scholarships to be awarded and announced next spring.

September 25, 1980
New Culver Bowling Alley Now Open
   Culver - Mens Monday and Tuesday night leagues and Womens Wednesday and Thursday nigh Leagues have begun bowling at the new bowling alley in Culver.
   Pictured at the 14 lane alley is the Tuesday night¹s mens league.
Cavaliers Win Homecoming By Defeating John Glenn 14-6
by Carol Elliott
   Culver - The Culver Community Cavaliers won their own homecoming by defeating the visiting John Glenn Falcons, 14-6, in a conference football game last Friday night. The win puts Culver at 2-3 over all and 2-2 in the Northern State Conference. The Falcons are still looking for their first victory as their record fell to 0-5 on the year.
   Senior tackle Jeff Volz saw no action because he suffered torn knee cartilage in last week¹s game with Tippecanoe Valley. Jeff will probably miss the rest of the season.
   Coach Heath made some offensive lineup changes by moving Van Hissong, Eldon Amor, and Ron Harris to the left side and thats where the Cavs picked up most of their yardage.
   The Cavaliers got on the scoreboard first. After a scoreless first quarter, they capped a 60 yard drive with a play that surprised the Falcon defense. Quarterback Dave Taiclet threw a pass to Jeff Foust, who ran in for a touchdown after the entire Culver line dove to the right side of the field, isolating Foust on the left side. The PAT attempt failed and Culver led 6-0 with 3:05 left in the second quarter.
   Culver¹s second TD was set up by a punt by Senior Fred Elliott from his own 48 yard line. The ball came down on the Glenn 20 yard line, but tolled out of bounds at about the two yard line. The Falcons failed to get a first down and were forced to punt to Culver. The ball shanked off the side of the punter¹s foot and the Cavs took over on the Glenn 14 yard line. Taiclet ran around the left end of the line for a TD two plays later. A Taiclet pass to Mark Wynn for a two point conversion for the Cavaliers final score of the game.
   The fourth quarter saw the Falcons score after a 32 yard pass. The two point conversion attempt failed, making the final score 14-6, with Culver on top.
   Culver¹s Tony Vantwoud carried the ball 12 times for 77 yards, and Pat Hinsey carried 13 times for a total of 54 yards.
   Next Friday, the Cavaliers travel to North Judson for a non-conference game. The Judson Bluejays are ranked third in the state in single A. Culver was the only team to beat the Bluejays last year during regular season play.
Oct. 2, 1980
Culver Post Wins National Service Award
   Culver - Commander-in-Chief Howard Vander Clute of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States announced August 8th that VFW Post 6919, Culver, has won the organization¹s Community Activities Award of Merit and bronze plaque.
   This top National VFW honor for community service went to the Post for co-sponsoring for the fifth consecutive year with the Culver Academy for boys and girls a high school R.O.T.C drill competition. Participating were 650 students representing 22 schools from six states.
   The VFW National Board of Judges said: ³Your continuing support of such an outstanding program is worthy of national recognition and emulation by other Posts. In that you provided the winning trophies will long remind these student participants that the VFW believes in the youth of America. We urge you to continue your fine work.²
   Commander-in-Chief Vander Clute, in congratulating the local VFW members on winning their award, commented: ³Looking toward the growth and development of America¹s young people is always important. I personally commend you for your achievement. Keep up the good work.²
   The award will be presented to the VFW members at the Post Home in Culver by Jr. Vice Commander, Robert Carey, Knox, on Sunday, October 12 at 2 p.m.

Oct. 9, 1980
The Monterey Fire Department
by Pat Weaver
   Monterey - Again this year we would like to take time to thank the men who donated their time to be a volunteer Firemen for our community.
   This week they will be conducting a Fire Drill at the local schools in order to see just how long it would take the students and others to clear the building.
   During this Fire Prevention Week the firemen would like for all of us to take time to check out the thihgs in our homes such as plug-ins, wiring, lights, storage rooms, stairways, furnaces, attics, etc. to make sure they are safe from fire. At the present time the department has 19 members who are willing any hour, day or night to help out on a fire call.
   They are: Fire Chief, Jim Zehner, Assistant chief, Richard Smith. Members, John Keller, Bill Buer, Dale Young, Tony Reinhold, Bob Keller, Steve Reinhold, Don Keller, Dick Zehner, Bud masters, Karl Masters, Sr., Cliff Wamsley, Jim Fleury, Carl Brucker, Bill Reinhold, Dean Good and Loren Lochner (Loehmer).
   We also want to thank our honorary firemen who still attend the meetings. Phil Masters, Harold Mahler, Orville Large and Don Chapman. Again we want to say a big ³Thank You Men² for the entire Monterey Community.

Monterey Cut: Monterey¹s First Fire House and Fire Fighting Equipment. Cart type engine and hook-and-ladder wagon, both ³man-drawn.²

Heart Association Bike Ride Held Last Saturday
   Culver - The Mini-Marathon Bike Ride for the American Heart Association was Saturday, October 4, starting at the Culver Beach. Twelve went 10 miles and 10 went 5 miles. There were $300.00 worth of pledges donated for the riders.
   Todd Shepard was the winner of a Timex watch for collecting $114.00 which was the most pledged.
   Everyone participating received a T-Shirt and sun visor.
   Anyone who would like to donated can write a check to the American Heart Association and drop it off at Mr. T¹s Drug Store or give it to Jolene Westafer. Anyone donating $5.00 or more can receive a T-shirt.

Cut: Todd Shepard is shown with Timex watch he won for collecting the most pledges in the Mini-Marathon for the Heart Fund.

United Methodist To Observe 200th Anniversary
   Leiters Ford - The Mt. Hope United Methodist Church, north of Leiters Ford, will observe the 200th Sunday School birthday of the United Methodist Church on Sunday, Oct. 12.
   It will also be the 92nd birthday for the local church. Sunday School starts at 9:30 a.m. Worship Service at 10:30, followed by a carry in dinner at noon.
   There will be a short program in the afternoon. Former members and guests are invited to attend the celebration.


Oct. 16, 1980

CCHS Cheerleaders Receive Check From State Exchange Bank
   Culver - Dan Weidner, at right, of State Exchange Bank, Culver, is shown presenting the CCHS Cheerleaders with a $250 check. The girls worked for five weeks washing car windows and passing out lollipops at the bank¹s drive-in windows. The State Exchange Bank decided on this endeavor to help the school raise money for extra curricular events. Cheerleaders are back row, left to right, Lisa Kozubik, Renee Beach, Carolyn Bauer and Kim Hamman. Center row, Cindy Girton, Lori Bendy, Rhonda Goodman and Lori Currens. Front row, Natalie Ash, Kirsten Robertson, Sandy Drake and Donna Smith. Not present for photo Kim Pugh.
Oct. 23, 1980
Artist-Sculptor Warner Williams Working On MacArthur Portrait
   This medal satirizes the decline in American military power and the consequent rise in fortune of those who would destroy the free world. General Douglas MacArthur was chosen for the obverse because of his belief that a strong America was the best insurance for peace.
   The legend indicates that any less than victory when engaged in conflict will only lead to further disasters. The reverse shows Uncle Sam carrying a blunderbuss and blindfolded; this symbolizes the present state of American defense and the muzzling of the intelligence services so vital to survival.
   High relief bronze art medals, 2 1/2 inches in diameter, will be struck by the Medallic Art Company to advance order only and the dies will be defaced after striking.
November 6, 1980
³Appointment With Death² This Friday And Saturday
   The cast of Appointment With Death gathers for a portrait during rehearsal. The exciting murder mystery by Agatha Christie will be presented in a dessert theater at eight p.m. in the Culver Community High auditorium on November 7 and 8. Tickets are $3.
   Dessert is being served by the Future Homemakers of America, sponsored by Barbara Winters.
   Pictured from left to right, bottom row, Nathan Mersch, Jeanne Thompson, Kris Mallory, Donna Nix; middle row, Christina Hildebrand, Shaunna Ringer, Jeanne Rickman, Ruth Birk, Paul Warner; top row, Vernon Parrot, Ron Harris, Ray Mann, Kevin Mallory, Abby Lawson.

Culver Town Board Update
   Culver - Culver¹s Street Superintendent, Bob Napier and assistant, Phil Sanders were apprehended by police on October 6 and charged with resisting arrest and public intoxication at approximately 4:30 p.m. Culver¹s town board met on October 21 and the vote was 2 - 1 to dismiss Bob Napier. Phil Sanders is still employed by the town.
   Following the town board meeting the Citizen has received ³Letters to the Editor² which appear elsewhere in this edition.
   The minutes of that meeting were also supplied to the Citizen office. Since they consisted of 12 legal size typewritten pages were unable to print them due to lack of space. The Clerk-Treasurer has informed this office that those minutes are available at the town hall where anyone interested may read them.
   Both town employees pleaded innocent to the charges. Mr. Napier¹s trial date has been set for November 25 in Plymouth.

³Views In The News²
   Culver- When Trick or Treating at an Editor¹s home you run the risk of getting your picture in the paper. The masked youngsters, left to right, are Mark Basham, Garth Cornett and Lana Cornett. The didn¹t trick me because I treated them.