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"ONE TOWNSHIP'S YESTERDAYS"

By Edwin Corwin

PREFACE

This history of Union Township, Marshall County, Indiana, was started by Mr. Corwin as a Government project, but before he had completed the prodigous task the Government's support was withdrawn. Rather than drop the history with its valuable data, much of which had never been un­earthed before, Mr. Corwin continued the work to its completion without compensation.

The history was first printed in The Culver Citizen in installment form, but to make the work more accessible for future reference and to put it in a more permanent form, Mr. Corwin's writings are being published in supple­ment form.

To Mr. Corwin the community is indebted for this textbook of local history, which will grow in value as the years pass. It is probably one of the few of its kind in the entire country, and Union Township may well be proud of the compilation.-M. R. Robinson Editor, The Culver Citizen.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

In the preparation of the fol­lowing history of Union Township, Marshall County, Indiana, th writer has had access to various books, pamphlets, periodicals, am newspapers, from which much o value in the way of information has been gleaned. The following list of reference works is fairly complete, and the majority of them have been drawn upon in the building up of our history.

"History of Marshall County, Indiana, 1836 to 1880," by Dan­iel McDonald. (Kingman Broth­ers, Chicago, 1881).

"A Twentieth Century History of Marshall County, Indiana," by Hon. Daniel McDonald. In 2 vols. (Lewis Publishing Go., Chicago, 1908).

"History of Indiana and Mar­shall County," Vol. II, by Alexan­der C. Thompson, Dr. Samuel W. Gould, Dr. A. C. Matchette, and Christian Seiler, Jr. (Brant, Ful­ler, and Co., Madison, Wis., 1890.)

"The Story of Marshall Coun­ty," by Minnie H. Swindell. (The Pilot Company, Plymouth, Ind., 1923.)

"The Stahl Family History." by Jacob Peter Stahl, (Bradshaw Printing Co., Alliance, Ohio, 1924)

"One Hundred and Fifty Years of the Hawki Family, 1783­1933," compiled by Z. T. Hawkins. (Fairmount, Indiana, 1933.)

"Once Upon a Time in Indiana," edited by Charity Dye. (Bobbs­Merrill Company, Indianapolis, 191s.)

"Lake Maxinkuckee Summer Resort," an Art Annual, publish­ed by the Rev. George R. Streeter. (Culver, Indiana, 1905.)

"Indiana Historical Collections. Indiana as Seen by Early Travel­ers. A Collection of Reprints from

Books of Travel, Letters, and Diaries Prior to 1830," edited by

Harlow Lindley, (Indiana Histor­ical Commission, Indianapolis, s 1916.)

"Indiana Historical Collections. The Indiana Centennial, 1916. A Record of the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of Indiana's Admission to Statehood," edited by Harlow Lindley. (Ind­iana Historical Commission, Ind­ianapolis, 1919.)

"Historic Indiana" by Julia Hendenson Levering. (G. P. Put­nam's Sons, New York, 1909.)

"The Evolution of French Can­ada," by Jean Charlemagne Bracz. (The Macmillan Company, New York, 1924.)

"A Century of Indiana," by Ed­ward E. Moore. (American Book Company, 1910.)

"Stories of Indiana" by Maur­ice Thompson (American Book Company, 1898.)

"Lake Maxinkuckee A Physi­cal and Biological Survey," 2 vols. by Barton Warren Evermann and Howard Walton Clark. (The De­partment of Conservation; State of Indiana, 1920.)

"Wiseman Genealogy and Bio­graphy," by B. W. S. Wiseman, M. D.

"The Book of the Generations of William McFarland and Nancy Kilgore, 1740-1912," by Joseph McFarland, M. D., Galion, Ohio. (Editor and Publisher, Edward Norton Cantwell, Dundee, Illi­nois.)

"Overmyer History and Genea­logy, from 1680 to 1905," collat­ed by Barnhart B. and John C. Overmyer, Fremont, Ohio. (Beel­man, Fremont, O., 1905.)

"Lake Maxinkuckee, the Beau­tiful," by Daniel McDonald. "The Culver Citizen," and "The Marmont Herald," files.

"The Plymouth Pilot."

ERRATA

The writer deeply regrets that typographical errors are to be found in this work. Practically all of them appear in the last few pages; that is, from page 59 on-ward, these being the only pages, the final proofs of which the writ­er was unable to see corrected, due to his absence from Culver. The omissions of the last  two chapter heads and of a subhead are the most grievous of the er­rors-sins of omission, rather than of commission. In order to avoid confusion, several minor errors have been left uncorrected.

May the reader understand and forgive these lapses, and think kindly of the writer for having aimed at perfection, though per­fection were not reached. At any rate, the best of our purposes sometimes go awry.

The corrections follow:

Page 54, column 2, 8 lines from bottom, "siege" misspelled. Page 55, bottom of last column, line omitted, to be found at bot­tom of column one, page 56. Page 59, column 3, paragraph 8, heading omitted: The United Brethren Church.

Page 60, column one, paragraph 5, word "represented" misspelled. Page 60, column 2, paragraph 2, word "attended" misspelled.

Page 61, column 3, paragraph 3, chapter head omitted: LIII. "The Press."

Page 63, column 3, top, chapter head omitted: LIV. Recollections. Page 63, column 4, last line, word "also" to be omitted.

Page 64, column 3, paragraph 2 should read: "Still another an­cient house is the former Doctor Durr house, east of the police sta­tion and just north of the factory­like structure on the east side of Lake Street, between Lake Shore Drive and Washington Street," etc.

TABLE of CONTENTS

Preface Bibliography Errata.

The Pioneers.

By Way of Introduction.

Chapter I. As It Was In the Beginning.

Chapter II. Eras of the Manifest Things.

Chapter III. Gigantic Creatures of Ancient Times.

Chapter IV. Traces of Very Early Settlers.

Chapter V. Settling Prehistoric Problems.

Chapter VI. Links In Nature's Chain.

Chapter VII. The Mystery of the Mounds.

Chapter VIII. The Days of the Redskins.

Chapter IX. The Explorer Comes Exploring.

Chapter X. White Man's Pageant.

Chapter XI. The Jesuit Brings the Cross.

Chapter XII. The Wildwood Rover.

Chapter XIII. The Gay Voyageur.

Chapter XIV, The Trader Seeks Pelts.

Chapter XV. The 'Traveler Looks Around.

Chapter XVI. Plenty Forest-No Shingle.

Chapter XVII. But He Tells the World.

Chapter XVIII. The Homeseeker Listens.

Chapter XIX. Hard Times in the '30s.

Chapter XX. Days of '36.

Chapter XXI. Westward Ho!

Chapter XXII. Covered Wagon Trek.

Chapter XXIII. The Pioneer Comes.

Chapter XXIV. The Pioneer Sees.

Chapter XXV. The Pioneer Conquers.

Chapter XXVI. First Families.

Chapter XXVII. Soon After the First Families.

Chapter XXVIII. Other Early Settlers.

Chapter XXIX. Still More Settlers. - Part I - II - III

Chapter XXX. Here Dwelt the Red Man.

Chapter XXXI. "Lo, The Poor Indian!"

Chapter XXXII. The Red Man Departs.

Chapter XXXIII. He Leave a Few Tokens.

Chapter XXXIV. Some Romantic Traditions.

Chapter XXXV. Ghosts for Good Measure.

Chapter XXVI. Protestant Beginnings.

Chapter XXXVII. Sunrise Over A New Township.

Chapter XYXVIII. In Communities United.

Chapter XXXIX. Passing of the Pioneer.

Chapter XL. Cities of the Departed.

Chapter XLI. Indiana Centennial.

Chapter XLII. Law and Order.

Chapter XLIII. The Turn of the Century.

Chapter XLIV. The Battle of the Highways.

Chapter XLV. The Chautauqua.

Chapter XLVI. Fires and Fire Fighters.

Chapter XLVII. Distinguished Visitors.

Chapter XLVIII. An Early Post­office.

Chapter XLIX. What's In a Name?

Chapter L. The Grand Army of the Republic.

Chapter LI. Chronicle of the Churches.

Chapter LII. Boys of Ten and Now.

Chapter LIII. The Press.

Chapter LIV. Recollections.

By Way of Conclusion.

A Word of Gratitude.