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"ONE TOWNSHIP'S YESTERDAYS"

By Edwin Corwin

XLV. THE CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY

"The groves were God's first temples......Grandeur, strength, and grace Are here to speak of Thee..." - William Cullen Bryant

LAKE MAXINKUCKEE CHAU­TAUQUA ASSEMBLY was es­tablished in the year 1899. It occupied a tract of elevated ground, then adjoining the town of Culver on its southern boun­dary, but now well within the limits of the community. Cover­ing an area of twenty-six acres, it was admirably situated for an assembly ground. It possessed the natural advantages of a beau­tiful oak grove, high and un­dulating surface, and freedom from stagnant pools and marsh­land, which at the time was ef­fectively used as publicity because such conditions "insured against malaria and mosquito pests."

The Assembly had its own steamer pier, bathing beach and railroad station at the very gates of the grounds. The railroad company advertised transportation right to "Maxinkuckee Park. ­The excursion rates were invit­ing, and many were the passengers alighting from the trains that "'stopped at the Assembly." A post office was maintained on the grounds in 1905, also long dis­tance telephone service. These accommodations were up-to-date for that period.

There were a number of cot­tages, a good hotel for over one hundred guests, a large taberna­cle, croquet and tennis grounds and other forms of convenience and pleasure.

The institution was under the control of lay members of the Christian church, but was in every way broad and non-sectar­ian in its program, privileges and public exercises. It was known as the "Maxinkuckee Assembly of the Christian Church." This As­sembly, according to C. I. Ferrier, was started similar to the 'Bethany Chautauqua at Bethany, southwest of Indianapolis.’

The tabernacle was a commod­ious structure of frame, open at the sides, situated in the midst of the oak grove. In the area be­neath the trees, tents were pitch­ed, and many campers enjoyed the freedom of "life in the open" during the Chautauqua season. When the Vandalia trains, in July, 1905, began to make regu­lar stops at the Park gate, every train brought a crowd of visitors. All the cottages were rented. There were tents for those who camped, enough of them on the grounds, all occupied, to make a miniature white city. Large dele­gations from Terre Haute tented on the grounds. There were parties of campers from Crawfordsville, Franklin, Elwood, Lo­gansport and other places. Family reunions were a common oc­currence at the Assembly grounds, and many picnics, the joys of which will remain long in mem­ory, were held there.

The Assembly was known as a refined summer resort, which combined educational features with elevating entertainment and clean amusement. A summer school was established with classes in such subjects as theol­ogy, history, literature, public speaking and physical culture. The best platform talent was en­gaged. Lecturers, readers, singers and musical organizations. with occasional novelties usual to such assemblies were daily features. The annual program drew patrons from afar and the fame of the Assembly spread over a wide territory.

"Passion Week in Jerusalem," an oratorio, figured in the Assembly program in 1905. To quote, "it was given complete and with all the circumstances that fully developed this great con­struction, such as fine scenery, brilliant costumes, calcium light in various colors, and with the best histrionic and musical talent."

The oratorio was given in three parts: First, "The Crucifixion," in which "the person of Christ, from the time of the institution of the 'Lord's Supper' to the en­tombment, is represented by stereopticon views of the great Christological paintings of the world." Second, "The Sepulcher,"in which part appeared living characters, representing the three Marys, Procla (Pilate's wife), Joseph, Nicodemus two Jewish priests, Caiphas, Pontius Pilate, Centurion and Roman soldiers, three angels and a transparency representing the tomb of Christ. Third, "The First Easter Dawn;" was made especially joyous, beau­tiful and impressive by the ap­pearance of the Marys, with the angels, at the illuminated tomb, and the penaence of the entire body of singers in the grand chorus.

A description of the oratorio, written for the "art annual" of 1905 by Rev. George R. Streeter, pastor of the Culver M. E. Church, gives a comprehensive idea of the talents and perform­ance of those who took part:

"Happily for the better rendi­tion of the piece, the character representatives were among the ablest the town afforded. Miss Ethel C. Streeter presented the character of Procla in a manner that showed the character of this woman, of whom but little is said in history, but of whom much that is truly great might be left in justice upon the historic page. Procla was, undoubtedly, a true friend of Christ.

"In a very effective, but quite faultless, manner, Miss Streeter effected the living personality of Mary of Magdala, the queen among women of constancy. There is not a more beautiful character, the Virgin Mother ex­cepted, in the Bible, than the woman, ‘last at the cross and first at the tomb.’

"On this occasion the Virgin Mother was personated by Mrs. C. D. Behmer. Mrs. Behmer is a Christian mother, is quite com­manding in appearance and has a fine contralto voice. This is a difficult and delicate role to fill, but on this occasion the charac­ter was fully and charmingly represented.

"Mary, of Cleopas, by Miss Min­nie Shilling, as in the Bible, was strong and effectively character­ized.

"The angels, Misses Mertie Medbourn, Jennie Keen and Clara Wiseman, appeared and acted as we suppose the angels did on that eventful ‘morn of the resurrec­tion,’ as nearly to the fact as it is possible for ordinary mortals.

"Mr. Chester Zechiel effected the character of Joseph of Arima­thea. Mr. Zechiel is a fine tenor singer and has talent as a dra­matist. His characterization would satisfy the most severe critic.

"The meeting of Pontius Pilate (Dr. B, W. S. Wiseman) and Caiphas (Mr. Henry Stahl) was intense and dramatic after the first order. Dr. Wiseman pos­sesses rare talent as a speaker and is capable of :a. high order of dramatic action. He was at his best on this occasion. Mr. Stahl has ability to make a character speak in full development.

"In the drama of the piece Mr. Edwin Zechiel appeared ably and to the effective purpose as the Centurion in the great tragedy, as did also his command of the Roman guard-Messrs. Levi Os­born, Harry Medbourn, Clyde Wiseman and Harry Menser. In the costume of the Roman soldier these soldiers made a magnificent appearance.

"There was not a harder or more effective worker in the en­tire cast of characters than Mr. Frank C. Baker as a Jewish priest.   He brought out the varied  and conflicting emotions under which the Jewish priests were be­ing pressed. . . . Mr. Baker had a very difficult part to perform. He did it well.

"Misses Susie Shilling, Allie Wiseman and Clara Shilling re­vealed the life and times of the Roman world in the time of Christ, as was manifested by the Romans in the distant provinces of the great empire.

"Mrs. S. E. Buswell and her daughter Elsie made themselves indispensable in the quartettes and choruses."

Miss Lueretia Rea was the pianist. Equally skillful on the piano and organ, her ability was taxed however to some degree to render the variety there was in the oratorio.

"Prof. Eli Miller, president of the Chautauqua assembly, was much in evidence, because of his skillful management of the chor­uses and the part he took in the rendition of the oratorio.

"There was no more indispen­sable operator than Capt. H. F. Noble, who gave the panoramic representation and managed the calcium light for the stage and tableaux."

"Maxinkuckee" was the title of a popular song of Assembly days. With the intention of pop­ularizing the Maxinkuckee As­sembly through the medium of song, Frank C. Huston put his composing skill to a test and soon turned out both words and music of "Maxinkuckee." Huston was secretary of the Assembly in 1905. He was versatile: business man, preacher, composer, singer and poet. He was known as a popular soloist and an evangelist singer of national reputation among the Church of Christ. He had been associated with the largest meet­ings held in the Brotherhood.

Perhaps we, today, can imagine that old Assembly ground, now so silent, coming to life. again. Perhaps we can hear voices out of the, past, as the lanterns swing gently in the breezes of night-fall and the canoes drift lazily on the bosom of the lake. Perhaps we may catch the words of the song: MAXINKUCKEE

The poets sing of the Emerald Isle,

With waters entrancingly fair:

And Switzerland boasts of her Gem of the Alps,

Resplendent with beauty so rare,

Though over and over the world I go,

There's beauty on every hand I know,

And countless joys to be found, but, Oh!

'Tis Fair Maxinkuckee for me.

Refrain­

Oh! Let us go boating,

Go merrily floating,

Over the crystal wave we'll glide and from care be free.

Oh! Here is a treasure,

Here's joy without measure,

I am so lucky, and Fair Maxinkuc­kee's the place for me.

The miser may joy in the glitter of gold,

The golfer may dote on his tee,

The chauffeur may boast of the speed of the wind,

­All these have their pleasure, I see.

But, give me a boat in the flowing breeze,

Or grant me the shade of the spreading trees,

Or, catching fish with de­lightful ease

On Fair Maxinkuckee for me.

All Cleveland may boast of her big millionaires,

And Boston her culture and beans,

And Washington talk of her beau­tiful streets,

New York her society queens,

But, aye, 'tis the beauty so grandly rare,

And beautiful lillies beyond compare,

Of Fair Maxinkuckee for me.

"Queen Esther" was doubtless the outstanding feature of the Assembly program for the espe­cially successful ninth session of the Chautauqua that of 1905. This cantata had also been given during the latter part of the 1904 season, in mid-September, and had been repeated before the closing of the Assembly for that year.

"This beautiful and wonderful oratorio, unequalled and never to be surpassed musical production," ran the advance announcement of the 1904 rendition, "will be giv­en in Culver, Sept. 15th, in the Assembly Auditorium under the direction of Prof. Miller, of South Bend, assisted by sixty or more of the best musicians of the town and country. The entire cast of the oratorio will be with­out reduction. The entire com­pany will be in costume finely and beautifully representing the magnificent court of King Ahasnerus of the Medo-Persian em­pire."

Considerable interest was aroused. People were urged to read the book of Esther, or to reread it. A lecture on Queen Esther and King Ahasnerus was given at the Methodist Church on a Sunday evening preceding the Assembly performance. Profes­sor Miller, who was then busy preparing the oratorio for the public hearing, with a large por­tion of the company of singers, rendered a number of selections from the oratorio.

"A Chautauqua assembly with­out Queen Esther would be Richard the Third with Richard left out," read a contemporary description of the 1905 produc­tion. Prof. Eli Miller had again been summoned to conduct the cantata, a popular musical pro­duction of the day. Besides con­ducting, he, took the part of the king.

Miss Mertie Medbourn, pianist, played four times for the cantata. Miss Ethel Caroline Streeter sang the part of Queen Esther during each of the four renditions. Ches­ter Zechiel, tenor, took the role of "Mordecai, the Jew." "Zerish" was well sung, nobly acted and faithfully represented by Mrs. C. D. Behmer, who did not sing, however, the last time the cantata was given. A lady from Flora, Indiana, took the part. Henry Stahl, as "Hamon," did justice to the character. Sixty or more per­formers, actors and musicians contributed to the success of "Queen Esther," which, to this day, is the most frequently men­tioned and often recalled of all Assembly events.

In early June, '05, the directors of the reorganized Maxinkuckee Assembly met at the office of the secretary, Mr. Huston, in Indian­apolis. Plans were outlined. Surveyors were to plat additional lots for cottages on the associa­tion's grounds, and there were, to be some winding walks and touches added by a skilled land­scape gardener.

It was announced that six Philippino youths, who were be ing educated in the Manual Train­ing High School of Indianapolis, were likely to come to Lake Max­inkuckee for their outing, and "probably our citizens will have an opportunity to get acquainted with these bright-eyed, intelligent little men, who are already loyal sons of Uncle Sam." Their pres­ence at the Assembly would be quite a novelty.

There was "one continued round of attractions" at the As­sembly during the summer of 1905, the sixth annual session. H. G. Hill was general manager. The program included Prof. Reno B. Welbourn, "Wizard of Electri­city"; Hon. Frank Regan, chalk talker and cartoonist; the Bar­nard and Harrington orchestras, which were to be on the grounds almost the whole season; a com­pany of seven colored jubilee singers; the Gibsou-Trotter-Wag­ner trio of young woman artists; and Dr. Samuel Sellers with his moving pictures, who was "said to have one of the best outfits and to be one of the best operators in his line."

On patriotic day, Hon. James Watson was the orator. He was "reputed and acknowledged the most, eloquent member of con­gress."

There were others: readers, singers, musicians, lecturers, en­tertainers and artists.

Said Mr. Hill, declaring the Assembly grounds the best nat­ural location he has ever seen: "God had already done a great deal for this place; if we do ours it will be equal to any Assembly in the United States."

Later the manager secured the Indianapolis Lyric Orchestra of fourteen pieces for a lengthy en­gagement. A third orchestra was to be contracted.

There was a galaxy of talent: The Trio concert company; Prof. S. I. Conner, reader; Rev. S. W. Summer, lecturer; E. J. Sias, monologist.

On the day designated as "Wat­son day" Congressman James E. Watson delivered the patriotic address. The same day there were aquatic sports, a naval demonstration and a sham battle by the cadets of the Culver Naval School. In the evening, Dr. D. B. Lucas, department commander of the In­diana G. A. R., spoke. A water carnival, with a boat and lantern parade and fireworks, followed.

The Sabbath was marked by a special program, such as: Plays by the Dramatic Company; Bible School, T. J. Legg, superintend­ent; Morning Worship and Ser­mon; Sacred Concert; entertain­ment; and a Cantata by the As­sembly chorus, Prof. Miller, direc­tor.

The W. C. T. U. Day program included Temperance Pledge and Sunday Schools, Mrs. Jennie Sharpless; Non-Alcoholic Medica­tion, Mrs. Dora Parker; House­hold Economics and Pure Food Law, Mrs. F. P. Nicely; Orches­tra; W. C. T. U. Contest and Sing­ing Contest.

Continuing the summer's pro­gram: Bible Conference, Dr. Jabez Hall; Prohibition address, Aaron Worth; Conner Dramatic Company; Sermon by Rev. Frank Powers; Prof. Lough and wife, singers and speakers.

The cantata, "Queen Esther," was given twice in one week. Prof. Eli Miller, of South Bend, was director. The professor had charge only of this production, but it was a mighty task, and he did a splendid piece of work.

Another outstanding event was the Passion Play Oratorio render­ed by the Christian Endeavor and Epworth League of Culver at the Assembly Tabernacle. It was a production by home talent: Rev. Streeter, Prof. Miller, Capt. H. J. Noble and Miss Lucretia Rea, in parts, assisted by a number of the "strongest' impersonators we have."

At the close of the season, '05, it was said, with credit to the changed management, "There has been an absence of 'goody-goody-ness,' also narrowness of sectar­ian character."

The program lengthens: Mrs. Princess Long, soloist; Church History lecture by Charles Under­wood; lecture by Rev. L. H. Stine; the great Welbourn in "My Elec­trical Garden," "Wireless Teleg­raphy," and his masterpiece, "In the Year 2000;" Bible School, Frank Smith, of Flora, superin­tendent; Sermon and Lecture Ser­mon by Harry G. Hill; H. L. Herod, colored orator; Lecture by Rev. P. J. Rice.

The Assembly was not always an inactive place in the winter, either. We read that in Septem­ber, 1904, stoves were placed in the Auditorium and the building put in shape for use that winter.

The Assembly ground extended south from the present Davis Street. It was bounded on the east by the lake and the west by Main Street, at Davis Street. "Gould had the property," we were informed by U. S. Burkett. "Before him, Foote had it. Foote bought the Hawk place where Duddleson lives." M. G. Gould owned the Assembly ground, and before him, his father-in-law, old Elder Foote, a Baptist preacher. Later, a large portion of the land was platted by J. O. Ferrier. Streets were cut through, and were given Cuban or Spanish names. The Tabernacle or Audi­torium was wrecked, torn down, and sold out, the same year that the Assembly hotel burned down, it is said. That was the year Fer­rier platted the ground in build­ing lots and lake front sites, forming the "Ferrier Addition." "He was the proprietor of a town addition of 89 lots, known by his name," says McDonald, referring to Ferrier. This addition was quite rapidly settled. It was ac­cepted by the town board. It was nicely laid out, and the lots sold readily.

Cottages were built on the As­sembly grounds. In '04 there was mention of the "Oakridge" cottage, also the "Greenwood" and the Kearn cottage. In the summer of that year, E. W. But­terfield, of Brooklyn, Indiana, built a five-room cottage on the lake front at the Assembly grounds.

Good things never last for­ever. For a number of years the Assembly was popular and ap­parently in a flourishing condi­tion, but right in what seemed to be the biggest years the end was already approaching, stealthily creeping in upon the Assembly when the activity was at its height. The turn of the century had been reached and passed. The gas-buggy was stirring up the dust of country highways and at the same time writing in the dust the symbols that spelled the doom of many customs and institutions of the Nineteenth Century.

And so it is that we read in the news of the seventh of De­cember, 1905, the following sen­tence: "James V. Combs has filed a suit for foreclosure of a mortgage on the Maxinkuckee As­sembly grounds."

XLVI. FIRES AND FIRE FIGHTERS

"It seemed that nations did conspire

To offer to the god of fire Some vast, stupendous sacri­fice!

The summoned firemen woke at call,

And hied them to their stations all.

The engines thundered through the street,

Fire-hook, pipe, bucket, all complete."

                        ... Horace Smith

THE ORIGINAL MAKERS OF FIRE antedated the comparative­ly modern Quenchers of Fire in these parts by not a few decades of history. The Potawatomi In­dians who dwelt in this land, were a "nation of fire-blowers," so their name signified, originating it seems in the facility with which they produced flame and set burn­ing the ancient council fires of their forefathers beside the waters of the Green Bay country. They were the people who lighted some of the earliest fires in the wilder­ness that is now Union Township, but those were fires for the cook­ing and roasting of venison and other wild meats and the baking of corn patties and like native delicacies, also for the toasting of native shins when the weather turned chilly. Those redskin fires were strictly utilitarian.

Since then, many other fires have been lighted in Union Town­ship, fires without number, for similar purposes. Still another kind of fire, however, figures in township history, the kind that lighted itself by some mysterious means, or became lighted through some mishap or other, or was called by the name of "incendi­ary."

There were several varieties of fires throughout the township, and a number of fires of each variety There were uncounted fires that did not get very far, were "nipped in the bud"; there were others that got far and some that got too far, just went as far as they could . . . despite the heroic efforts of the fighters of fire.

The fighters of fire date back to the first settlements, when the fighting was a sort of individually co-operative affair, the neighbors being called in to help in the bat­tle if the, fire got beyond the con­trol of the household concerned. That was the "home fire." There were not many public buildings in those early days; consequently, "community fires" were rare. But whenever one did occur, the men--and sometimes the women --of the community that were within range sort of pooled their resources and fire-fighting am­bitions and apparatus (mostly buckets), and pitched in. It was "potluck."

Dearth of facilities, though not of aims and ambitions, made of early fire fighting a rather hope­less, task, when once the fire got beyond human control. Several fine old homesteads and a con­siderably larger number of barns, here and there throughout the township, were razed by the fiery destroyer. Among the larger homesteads destroyed was the Voreis place near Burr Oak. Fam­ily heirlooms of considerable value, which cannot be replaced, were lost in this fire.

 

XLVII. DISTINGUISHED VISITORS

THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES came to Lake Maxinkuckee one summer day in 1905. On July 14th, the Culver Summer Naval School had the honor of a visit from Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks, who was received with consider­able éclat and with the formalities befitting a guest of prominence.

During his stay at the  lake, the Vice President was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Coffin, of Indianapolis, at their summer cottage.

In the afternoon, according to a first-hand account of the visit, "Major L. R. Gignilliat and (his brother) Lieutenant Commander Thomas H. Gignilliat (Comman­der of the Naval School) called at the Coffin cottage in the Auto flag boat," the "Togo," with Les­ter LaBounty in charge as engin­eer. Mr. Fairbanks came aboard accompanied by his host, Mr. Cof­fin, and after a spin around the lake at a clip of about sixteen miles an hour the launch was headed for the school pier.

Six cutters under the command of Lieutenant H. C. Bays were drawn up in line across the bay, and on the approach of the dis­tinguished visitor a salute was fired from the hotchkiss guns in the bows, the oars meanwhile being tossed in each cutter. The engine was stopped on the flag boat and the Vice President raised his hat in acknowledgment of the salute. The party then landed at the Academy pier, at the shore end of which was stationed the school band of thirty pieces, each mem­ber uniformed entirely in white. As Mr. Fairbanks stepped ashore the band sounded the General's march, and during his stay on the grounds, rendered a concert. From the pier the party passed through a double line of cadet sentries standing rigidly at salute, to the school library, then in the east end of the present Adminis­tration Building or East Barrack, where an informal reception fol­lowed. There were present Mrs. H. H. Culver and the officers and ladies of the post.

Mr. Fairbanks then visited the Riding Hall and the Gymnasium and went through a portion of the cadet quarters. He expressed surprise at the completeness and extensiveness of the plant and the equipment and the efficiency of the corps. After witnessing the evening parade and the lowering of the Colors, he returned to the Coffin cottage in one of the naval cutters manned by a picked crew. As the Vice President stepped aboard, the crew tossed oars and arose from the thwarts, this lat­ter act being additional to the usual salute and made only on occasions of the visit of persons of unusual distinction.

Charles W. Fairbanks held of­fice from 1905 to 1909, during the administration of President Theodore Roosevelt. The Vice President was a native of Ohio, but was an Indiana man by adop­tion and was a resident of Indiana when elected. He practiced law in Indianapolis.

The Honorable William Jenn­ings Bryan visited Culver Military Academy, May 18, 1905. He got off the early morning train and arrived at the Academy before any of the officials were on duty. As soon as his presence was -made known, everything possible was done to make his visit plea­sant. He delivered an address at Chapel in the morning. William Jennings Bryan, Jr., the son of the "Great Commoner," was en rolled for the season of '05 in the Culver Summer Naval School. He arrived early in June and made his home with Capt. Glascock un­til the summer school opened. While in the naval school that summer, the boy celebrated his sixteenth birthday. Mrs. Ralston gave a dinner at the Academy, June 25th, in honor of the occa­sion.

Charles Hayes, who at that time conducted a restaurant near the railroad station, recalls distinctly the democratic arrival of the il­lustrious Democrat. The train had come in and had gone on, leaving the great political figure alone on the station platform. He stood there, apparently unrecognized. There had been no one at the sta­tion to meet him. His arrival had been unexpected. Hayes remem­bers that impressive figure of the famous Nebraskan, the dis­tinguished bearing, the big broad ­brimmed soft hat, from beneath which appeared the long curls of hair, so often portrayed in the cartoons of many years, and the face, with strong features and full of character, and the long coat and modest attire that so charac­terized the man who for so long a period was leader of his party.

In striking contrast to this visit was Bryan's triumphant coming to these parts in the autumn of '04, when he was greeted by four thousand enthusiastic people at Plymouth one October day, and when he spoke to about three thousand at Rochester.

When the third session of the Culver Summer Naval School closed, August 24, 1904, Capt. Richmond Pearson Hobson, U. S. N:, national hero, was present and gave an address. Captain Hobson was still living at the age of sixty-­three, June, 1934. He was the heroic American naval officer who, during the War with Spain, "bottled up" Cervera's fleet in Santiago Harbor, Cuba. Congress decided to make him Rear Admir­al on retired pay for his heroism in the sinking of the Merrimac at the entrance to the bay.

H. L. Wilson, U. S. Minister to Chili, home on leave of absence, spent two weeks in late August and early September, 1904, at the Vajen cottage on Lake Maxinkuckee.

General Finley spoke at the As­sembly Hall, Culver, Oct. 31, 1904.

Governor Mount mine to the Academy in the late 'nineties.

Colonel William F. Cody, "Buf­falo Bill," visited the Academy in the early 'teens of the new cen­tury. It was the year his grandson was in the Academy. Cody was the last of the six great scouts of America.

To the Academy also came Ma­dam Schumann-Heinck, more than once, and General Hugh Scott, General Leonard Wood, General John J. Pershing, and a host of military figures, from the States and from abroad. In 1924 came General Josef Haller, Polish war hero, soon after Poland had re­gained her freedom. Frederick Palmer, ace journalist and war correspondent, visited the school in January, 1916. Came also Will Rogers, and the editors of all the big South American newspapers, and the Fidac on two visits, and the Indiana Literary Society.

An outstanding event in Aca­demy history was the coming of Vice President Thomas R. Mar­shall of the Woodrow Wilson ad­ministration, 1913-21.

James Whitcomb Riley, Hoosier poet, used to come to Lake Max­inkuckee and write of the beauties thereof. His nephew, Edmund Eilet, in the years at the begin­ning of the new century, would spend summer weekends at the lake, stopping at the Arlington.

The Governor of Indiana came to Culver in the Autumn of 1904. Winfield T. Durbin, twenty-fourth Governor of the State, visited the Academy, October 20, 1904. He was met at the depot by Major L. R. Gignilliat and Dr. E. E. Park­er, and taken by man-of-war cut­ter, manned by ten Naval School cadets, across the upper end of Lake Maxinkuckee to the Aca­demy grounds.

An incident of that voyage is recalled. A heavy wind, almost a gale, was blowing at the time, but the cadets had not forgotten how to handle an oar since the Summer term, and the Governor complimented them on their row­ing and seaman-like handling of the boat.

At the Academy, the party was received by the Superintendent, Colonel A. F. Fleet and his staff. A salute of seventeen guns was fired by a detachment of cadet artillery, and the usual formalities followed.

The Honorable A. L. Brick, member of Congress from the Thirteenth District, arrived at Cul­ver about twenty minutes later than the Governor and was taken to the Academy in a carriage, es­corted by a detachment of caval­ry commanded by Capt. H. J. Noble. The Congressman was ac­companied by State Senator Parks and Mr. Groves. The distinguished visitors inspected South Barrack, the new Gymnasium, and other parts of the plant, reviewed the battalion of cadets, dined with the Superintendent in the Mess Hall, and finally were escorted to the Assembly Grounds by the Black Horse Troop.

Governor Durbin was elected to office in 1900 and served the term, ending in 1904.

Congressman Abraham Lincoln Brick, during the tenure of his office as representative of the people, served in a most able manner and established a record such as few others in a like trust have been capable of equaling.

One reads in an old newspaper how the Republicans of Marshall County are to hold a grand rally at Culver, October 20, 1904, at the Assembly tabernacle, and the meeting is to be addressed by the Hon.Winfield T. Durbin and Hon. William H. English, and the Go­vernor is to be escorted by the famous Black Horse Troop. And the school board is granting the children the privilege of seeing and hearing Governor Durbin. "Them were the days!"

A prominent lake visitor and cottager was Colonel Josiah Far­rar of Peru, whose cottage was at the south end of Lake Maxinkuckee.

In late years, Rear Admiral Wil­liam A. Moffet, chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, U.S.N., visited Culver several times and became fond of the lake and surround­ings. He was especially interested in the Culver Summer Schools, with which also have been asso­ciated such prominent figures in American naval history as Admir­als Ross and Rodman.

Notables have come and come and come. In August, 1934, the guns are again roaring at the Academy, a salute of nineteen of them in honor of Governor T. F. Green of Rhode Island. Time wears on. And still they come, all kinds of distinguished visitors, drawn by the lakes, the Academy, and by friends who are lovers of the region that we choose to call the land of Maxinkuckee.